Graz, the capital of the Austrian province of Styria, for most people on the planet came to be known only as the birthplace of Arnold Schwarzenegger. Terminator has not forgotten his home town — he built a large stadium that bears his name. However, Linda Wei in the biography of the famous actor from the American condescension calls Graz small provincial town, but with the same base can be considered a province of Vilnius and Krakow. In fact, Graz — a big city with 900-year history, three universities and 250-thousand population. A little-known city was due to its remote location — it does not pass through the transit routes, both through Salzburg or Klagenfurt. Until the early 70-ies in the city did not conduct a single highway.
However, Graz — one of the most interesting and best-preserved cities in Central Europe. By the way, the name of the town comes from the Slavic word ‘Gradec’ — Detinets, current castle Graz — city roofs and towers, the garden city. Mr. Morse lost colors. Its layout tiiichna to the ancient cities of Central Europe, and landscapes reminiscent of Italy.
Almost all the roofs observe the unity of color
— Brown, red, pink ocher units range tones old tiles dominates the city.
Panorama of the city opens from the castle, which is located at an altitude of 473 meters 11ad city. There still lived Celts, Slavs and Roman tribes in the Middle Ages was built a powerful fortress, the residence of the Margraves and princes Shtirpn. In the XIX century on the slopes of a landscape park was laid out and laid funicular. The surviving clock tower in the castle — the symbol of the city, the mascot lovers.
All city attractions are located primarily in the «coronene city», its top mausoleum of Kaiser Ferdinand II; Domkirhe — a magnificent Gothic cathedral in 1438; Castle; the former residence of the Habsburgs (Burg), now the government building with the famous Gothic double spiral staircase (1499). which is unique in the world: the Town Hall (Town Hall) with a fountain in honor of stiriyskogo Prince John, who founded the University of Technology. One of the brightest attractions
— Landhauz and Italian Renaissance gardens, the work of the builder of fortresses with Domeni-del Mr. Allio from Lugano XVI century. There are concerts district representation in the open air. Country residence century Eggcnberg XVII — the largest civilian building in the province, its architecture in the style of Mannerism symbolizes the Universe: 4 towers represent the seasons. Gate 12 — months. 365 Window — days.
11a facade famous disaster Domkirhe shows three of the Middle Ages: the plague, locusts and chocks. It is against the raids of the past were built fortifications. Samples of ancient weapons, and now we can see the city at Arsenal.
The core of the city — is primarily a pedestrian area. The streets, alleys and squares, if we look at them from above, form a quaint intricate pattern, as in the ancient tapestries. The tiny alleys you can find wonderful examples of different architectural styles and eras with the characteristics of each of them original decoration of facades, window frames, stairs, hallways and basements. Dwelling houses most decorated with original decorative motifs. Through the arch you can get to the tiny courtyard with delightful balconies and bay windows, arcades and decorated with stucco gables.
Details of the original exterior decoration of the city will remain forever in the memory: Gothic windows, magnificent baroque portals, font] 1y with the formidable dragons, elephants and panthers, spewing fire, the autumn — red wine tent on a yellow background clean the yard …
When night descends on quiet streets, the ancient city is immersed in the mysterious atmosphere: But this silence is deceptive: the inhabitants of Graz — very active and restless people with admirable taste and tendency to preserve the traditions of old buildings n.
Graz is rich today, because there is always to protect your medieval heritage. During the First World War the city suffered considerable losses. The air raids of the Second World, fortunately, did not cause great damage to the old town, and then began a period of recovery. In Graz there was not enough money for the transformation of the old city to the new item. On the one hand, it was good.
Protesting against the construction of garages and public highways in the city teamed up Committee ‘to save the old city and was able to resist the pressure of financial magnates. The destruction of the old buildings was prohibited. Now none of the restructuring of old buildings can not be made without the consent of the commission. Perhaps precisely because of this stubbornness of the townspeople have survived unique examples of architecture.
But the most surprising phenomenon in Graz — the density of its avant-garde architecture, the thing hardly understandable for the city, which was a provincial Conservative «hole» in the sixties. Graz school of architecture — not a school in the accepted sense, not a building, not an institution for education, it is — the movement, tradition, fashion phenomenon that principle. Arh1ggekturnaya School of Graz — the subject of special architectural tours. This phenomenon is referred all guides in Austria. It includes bars, and portals, houses and administrative buildings, businesses, schools, hotels, and universities. However, the professional will immediately notice that there are at least two schools of architecture, one — intellectual, emotional, playful, expressive angular architecture. Another — a rational, precise, clear and elegant. The founder of the school is considered Gyuntsr Domenig, built a number of university buildings, airport, residential areas, and trained a whole galaxy of young talented architects.
The city authorities are proud of architectural schools and strongly embraced this phenomenon, emphasize its uniqueness, sometimes even bending a stick. — But it benefits both the citizens and architects, who became known throughout Europe Corporatism has its advantages, colleagues Modest little Graz architects have orders all over Europe thanks to the competent and advertising support of the authorities.
However, city officials support not only the protection of monuments and new architecture. In Graz, annual autumn festivals, numerous exhibitions, international symposiums, the world-famous "Academy of Graz"There Summer Theatre School and the School of street theater. The Academy of Music is the only one in Europe, the Faculty of jazz.
Old city of Graz attracts people. Its architecture is unique. He just win you over forever.