A piece of land in the Baltic Sea — the island of Muhu. This tiny that you can get around for a day. But that he remembers the famous Estonian writer, winner of the Lenin Prize Juhan Smuul during the long journey to Antarctica. Remember the «Ice Book»: he had dreamed candle junipers and stone fences, grasses meadows — this anywhere else in Estonia will not meet …
Sea islanders made fishermen and native environment — master craftsmen.
Building Muhu eight-year school named after Yuri Smuul is in the thick juniper bushes. Summer colors district in pink, like a wild rose, in white, like chamomile, color. Then there are blotches of cornflowers, red dots zemlyanichin. If you look at the work the girls from the school of needlework circle, it seems that summer is on the island never ends.
— Previously, — said the head of the circle Miranda Veski — our women gathered flowers and embroidered directly from nature.
Fly joke as soon as a girl is born in the family, it immediately give a needle and thread. Share truth in this — is to master the art school many embroidery.
What Muhu embroidery? Miranda Veski, native of the island, the author of a unique textbook. It contains examples of patterns used by the masters of the past and today. The dark wool broadcloth embroider them bouquets or garlands of flowers, leaves and twigs. Brown or black background makes paint brighter, makes them play. There is no repeating pattern — skilled worker can not afford to copy the pattern invented by someone. However, the girls at school are examples of «textbook» Miranda Veski but transfer them onto the fabric with your hands, putting his heart and soul into the work.
At first glance it may seem that quite easy to embroider. But it is not. Miranda Veski taught his craft children with the mainland, and some inanimate embroidery was obtained. Muhu girl almost from birth knows that it is necessary to daisy diagonal stitches to embroider and poppy flower — from the edge to the core of the petal. And then the carpet comes to life. However, not only the carpet: Muhu traditional clothes, too, decorated with embroidery — hats, blouses, aprons and even slippers. But harder still embroidered carpet. It should be fine stitches fine yarn cover almost the entire surface. In the old days in the bride’s dowry was definitely a carpet or felt mat to the sled. Huge cloth embroidered girls together — each a part of the pattern. It was their gift girlfriend, I wish her happiness.
In the same way, together, working girls Miranda Mug Veski. The four years of time to complete one carpet.
This huge banner color has faded a bit because that work has visited many exhibitions: in Tallinn, Moscow, Czechoslovakia, Finland and Japan. Exhibited as napkins, blouses, slippers, bags, cushion pillows.
Fashion changes, but patterns remain. The girls sew blouses currently the most modern patterns and cover them with Muhu patterns. Is that the range has changed a bit — pastel colors. But they paint yarn as did their grandparents — decoction of bark, roots, leaves, buds.
A riot of colors and different fall on the Fly when you open a traditional exhibition of needlework. And next to the works of recognized masters of embroidery can be seen and their daughters, granddaughters and great-granddaughters …
Half an hour on the ferry — and you’re on another island, the largest in Estonia. Saaremaa is also famous for folk artists. One of them, Hans Niit, is not the first dozen years of teaching children Kingiseppsky secondary school № 1. It is, incidentally, as the regional center, is named after the famous Estonian revolutionary Victor Kingisepp, a native of this place. Not a new wooden circle could decorate exhibit museum. But Hans Niit keeps her here, in the school workshop:
— It made my grandfather more than a century ago. I have no more expensive relics.
Every year at the first lesson, he pulls out a huge box countless mugs, boxes, chests, dishes and show their children: «Here’s how to work with wood!» These words sound boys parting words.
And the real work begins. It should be planed riveting. Tight fitting them to each other, to collect, to insert bedplate, grind off the edge. Grind all the inside and outside … It remains to attach the lid and handle. It would seem a trifle, but here it is just open space for imagination. After all, they can be very different shapes. Yes, the title of master of nothing to claim as its something you can imagine.
— Most mugs can be obtained from juniper — says Hans Niyt.- its specific bitter odor persists for a long time. Yes, and she has a beautiful wood pattern.
Saaremaa mug decorated with ornaments made of circles, crosses, squares: all this just enough so as not to obscure the texture of wood.
Students Niit born and raised in the city. The apartment in the city can not put a workbench. But in the summer you can go to the village to his grandfather, and there, under a canopy in the yard, saw, sharpen and whittle your heart’s content.
Hans Niit proud of their wards. As Miranda Veski pupils, many of them well-known artists in the national association of folk art «Uku». And the old boys are now fathers of families, at home in the most prominent place is the first circle made of juniper.