Music and art — art at first glance completely different and incompatible. However, these forms of art are united way of thinking, it is impossible to consider one, completely ignoring others. In essence, the work of art, to break the cycle of images, partly loses its meaning, its purpose.
For example, as happened with the ancient music of the Baroque period and earlier periods — the Renaissance and the Middle Ages, long time it heard a visual moments, musical craftsmanship and aesthetic pleasure. Music by JS Bach recognized «pure» music. not hearing anything in her intuitive mind. However, thanks to careful work of musicologists found out that many of the musical themes Bach filled with Christian symbols: Resurrection, Descent into Hell. crucifix and so on. In his works (for example, «The Well-Tempered Clavier»), he as well as artists. He left an autograph, encoded in the name of music. Vasnev — a frequent motif, which is found in the themes Preludes and Fugues, but you can only see it in musical notation, because a person with normal hearing ability is listening hard. Thus, the music is sometimes not only creates the auditory association. Music is an art — that is, as well as painting, is based on an exact science of mathematics. No wonder the ancient absented music than to art, and to the exact sciences. Today, musicologists have unraveled many mysteries that have kept the old music, but even more it remains unsolved and lost forever. Painting and other forms of visual art «lucky» more. They have materializes: paint and canvas, marble, clay, metal and glass — all the materials are resistant to the test of time. While passing plastic dance or vibrations in the air, creating a kaleidoscope of musical sounds, instantly disappear in time, as a chimera.
Synthesis of arts of music and painting is particularly noticeable in the culture of the Baroque. Recalling the most frequent subjects of paintings of this period are: the image of nature, animals, seasons change. In the work P.Breygelya have pictures on the theme of «Seasons» — «Hunters in the Snow» (1565). «Harvest» (1565) from the series «Months.» Incidentally, the theme of the seasons excited artists and musicians from different times, perhaps because it, too, in a sense, can be considered religious. The famous Vivaldi wrote a cycle «Seasons», which is popular today. They created religious music, because the creatures of the earth — God’s creation, and the seasons of the year — a divine order of time. Just possibly, they reasoned artists, depicting the variability of nature, a variety of animals, people work as a type of punishment of Adam and sweat to earn their bread.
However, there are more obvious examples of interpenetration of music and painting. The image of musical instruments in the portraits and still lifes — the subject is so interesting, that turned into a science — music iconography. science younger and more widespread in
Europe than in Russia. Painting. being an art space, I have always tried to express to capture the moment. A smoking candle, musicians and their instruments, watches as symbols of passing time in still lifes. But all the fun that candle, depicted by the artist, may smoke endlessly, music was always in this great mystery of art as a model of the universe, like a tuning fork era.
Still life — a totally unique genre: the musical language speaking, it can be soloed, to be independent, can complement genre scenes, portraits, organically flowing into a coherent whole. Of course, Europe still lifes XVI — XVII centuries beautiful, pleasant view, but that they also can tell you something.
Musical instruments — is not only a symbol of sinful activities, idleness in still life vanitas, as a treat, many researchers. Where you can catch the more important aspect: musical instrument as an allegory of hearing, «hearing», in a more complex sense — as a symbol of universal harmony or the lack of CE. Tools are scattered on the floor in the trash, like Leonard Bramer. «Allegory of vanitas». People here are dissolved among objects: metal utensils, armor, chain jewelry. This still life of chaos: a moment, and lute music books with slips to the floor, the trajectory is shown upside down stamp violin and then the violin. lying among broken glass. A lute in the hands of the artist sounds, but for a moment, and it will be thrown in the Lost in Time pile tools. Silent Tools in this context act as indifference, lost opportunities and unnecessary death.
Evariste Baschenis Still life creates a completely different impression: admiring form through the magic of lighting. view of the subject, the composition of the ensemble. Harmony music expressed representational means: on the open strings of the violin plays a light glow of candles, oblong shape brass instrument prolongs its existence — the sound in the shadows falling on the cabinet. Small music book slightly bent, on her recent play, they are ready to serve again. Steady burning candles, properties of light, transparent curtains — everything speaks of congealed attention, the voltage of the hearing. Universal harmony of the spheres, sounding the stars and planets — it is as real as the globe, perfectly fits in the environment of musical instruments. The same harmonious impression «Still Life with a lute, globe and books» Danish artist G.Dou. From the conditional background as out of nothingness, illuminated only five things: Globe, Lute, and three books. In sharp contrast to the deep shadows and reflections with the laconic brownish coloring give the impression of mystery and concentration. Philosophical combination: Sound, Knowledge and Earth — as an image of the universe …
«Playing the flute boy,» Judith Leyster — sounding instrument is the protagonist as the personification of music-life.
Still, Peter Claes with smoldering violin is almost physical discomfort: the motif of the impermanence of life represented here especially cruel, because this violin will never be able to sing, it is destroyed forever. A smoking hole in the violin as bottomless, mysterious and empty as the eye sockets of the skull.
If we observe the attitude to musical instruments heroes portraits, genre scenes, it can be assumed. so that they relate to the world, so they want to hear the natural world, people, nature. God. For example, in the painting by Jan Vermeer «The Lady with the Lute» depicts a young girl who looks thoughtfully out the window, listening to the sounds of precision custom lute. Map the background depicted in the wall shows the seas and oceans, witticisms «and continents, vast world. which is not available for this girl. But she is still very young, she has not started to sing his song, it just sets up the lute, listening to the unrest and desires of his soul and harmony of the world …
In the picture G.Terborha «Lady, played by two gentlemen,» is present on the table still life and a musical instrument in the hands of the ladies have a lot to explain. The left side of the picture — sounding music, ensemble singing and accompaniment, bright pastel colors, the right side, close to the frame, we see the extinguished candle, a strict combination of black and white, and iolu, echoing black and white chord is map with the image of an ace of spades. often treated in divination as a quick death. So at first glance unremarkable scene of life takes on a whole new meaning if you look closely and listen to what is happening.
Picture of Duke Jacob «merry company», written in the first half of the XVII century, attracts an unusual interpretation of the story.
One of the brightest people in the picture — the lady in green. with a lute, theorbo (a type of lute lower tone). Her figure is outlined well-light, lit his face. The naturalness of her posture, gestures, light bend arms, expressive eyes, the transfer of the beauty and luxury of her clothes — all this creates an attractive and colorful way. The lady on the lute-tunable, listening to the sounds lame, but her gaze fixed on the gentleman standing right, apparently, had just come, what tells us the door ajar behind him. Obviously, for someone to play the lady for whom it sets up the instrument. Even more obvious it becomes reaction cavalier hat: aggressive posture «hands on hips», a smile is its lady winds, fickle. for «Feather color indicates that the senses begin to move as easily as a feather from a light breath of wind,» according to a text of the period.
On the canvas Duke lady is going to perform solo at the other end of the table the company fascinated card game, viola and two are in the right corner, staying idle. Through playing cries, whispers maid give a nervous laugh. start a dishonest game with spying, punched discordant sounds that tend to be reborn in the music sense, but there is no one to support her. Lady adjusts not only the lute, but also their feelings, trying to focus on an interesting person, but the gentleman was silent, his face turned toward the viewer, he looks at us sad eyes, showing a coin — a symbol of the corruption of the senses. The plot is quite normal for the Dutch masters, but as thin and delicate author conveys the character of the people through its relation to music.
Music and art — of the vast and unexplored element named — the human soul. Unfortunately. Today music, painting and poetry have not even accompany the person for life, adding to decorate it. Painting «settled» in the museum, the music — a concert hall. The concepts of «tune the instrument», «diversity of voices», «harmony of form and color», «improvisation» — gradually fading from our regular vocabulary. Maybe that’s why the story of the pictures, the meaning of the music masters of the past sometimes eludes contemporary man. But if you look, listen and think about it, we can see that not all that much has changed. The world of feelings, doubts about life and death, beauty and harmony, thinking about God and his creation — the eternal themes that unite art, people, times.