Traditionally, the end of summer — early autumn is considered to be the time of harvest. Mistress busy canning, jam, drying, and similar matters. A villager knows that from the autumn preparations will depend on how satisfying it is to hold the winter.
But now that the «urban mentality» increasingly penetrates into the countryside, the relevance of autumn blanks gradually eroding. That, fortunately, can not be said about the activity of the owners of cottages and country houses, which often focused on decoration garden plot.
September — the most comfortable month for planting ornamental shrubs. And not just decorative — autumn planting berry bushes and fruit trees is also optimally carried out in this time of year. Prior to the November frosts seedlings have time to acclimatize and to gain a foothold in a new place.
In most cases, decorating a garden plot begins with the planting of plants along the fence. It creates a kind of right or wrong hedges.
In the strict sense, live izgorod- a linear planting to limit some space to protect it from external influences (wind, snow, penetration of animal and human), visual separation, decorating or fences.
Hedges planted along both walls and fences, and along the tracks (borders of varying heights) or in open areas as a screen.
Plants in the fence are perceived as a whole. In their regular gardens sheared, giving the fence a certain form. The ends of the fence was bent bizarre snails, swirls, spirals. The landscaped gardens of plants allowed to develop freely. But here watching, so that some specimens do not oppress others, spend a rejuvenating cut old shoots, cut out a frostbitten and burnt branches.
When planting a hedge, as in the case of any fences, we must first define its linear parameters: height, width and length. But unlike wood or metal fence, hedge plants are pulled up. These branches can bend arcuately extending the fence. It is therefore important not only to imagine how it will look the fence immediately after landing, but also what it will be in a few years.
Plants taller than a man considered to be large-sized. Of these create high fences and wind-proof screens or bars. Large trees can be cut, creating one or a flat wall or a wall with battlements, like the land — such techniques are characteristic of the regular style. But it is possible to grow krupnome-frames available for an indefinite height.
Large shrubs are planted so that they touch the branches, that is, with a step (the distance between the centers of the stems) 2-3 m. This compacted planting stimulates the vertical growth. In more rare planting will develop too broad crown at the expense of height, and in dense planting (step 1-1.5 m) will be oppressed.
Tight fit engage in when they want to achieve the same growth of all plants in the hedge. It is usually used in a low green fence or planting bushy pine (bush varieties of arborvitae and juniper).
During the growth of some large-sized shrubs become bare bottom — a natural process. In this case, the renewal pruning shrubs, when almost at the root of the old branches are cut, is not practiced, as in the high hedges formed hole (for the lower trimming hedges — this is a common event). Therefore, become exposed trunks podsazhivayut low bushes directly into the zone allocated to hedge or slightly ahead.
Plants from the waist man called fillets. Their height ranges from 10-15 cm to 1 m. The range is huge border plant: it can be flowering shrubs, plants with variegated foliage, leaves of different shades of green. But stricter curbs of similar plants look very impressive even compared to the unpretentious village house.
Curbs frame paths, playgrounds, lawns. With their help you can beat abutting the lawn to track and protect the home base of the snow load, the solar heat and rain (pritsokolnaya landing).
Fences krupnomernyh below, but above the curb called srednerosloe, srednerostovymi or medium. Srednerostovye green fence most often used in gardening and landscaping. Usually in such hedges planted barberry, dog rose, bushy acacia and hawthorn — with a tight fit, they are insurmountable obstacles not only for humans but also for stray animals.
Plant height within one fence can vary. When rhythmic alternation of different plants according to, say, move the fence (distance between supports) even from neformirovannyh shrubs can create beautiful compositions regularly.
Loose hedge is when the plant during growth are taking shape typical for them — in cultivated ornamental varieties it can be spherical, oval, egg-shaped, conical or pyramidal. If a loose hedge planted young plants, the distance between them should be very significant — in the initial stages of this fence looks extremely sparse and ugly. Therefore, such a compacted planting and subsequently thinned or decorate Progal herbaceous plants. But usually after 3-5 years after establishment bushy plants are actively increasing the volume.
Thicker hedge formed by planting plants in the 2-3 line, that is a two- or three-row turns hedges (a generic term — multi-row). You can experiment with the shape of the fence section — let bushes grow in a dense planting more or less equally, or cut it, giving the cross-section shape of a rectangle, a trapezoid, oval. Standard technique — in multi-row planting planted plants of different size, achieving the effect of a smooth or a step change in the height of the green mass.
The length of the fence is directly related to the shape of its horizontal projection. It may be straight lines running along the fences, and smooth arcs or curves, framing track and bizarre twists screens. Ending the hedge can be larger plants. This creates the impression of completeness of the segment — the fence line extends from one spectacular instance to another. Often, larger plants flank the entrance to the track or pad. Sometimes the edge of a flat spin fence, planting plants in a spiral.
When decorating a pre-site should all think, and draw the count. First of all, resolved questions: what function will carry out a green fence, and a height of plants should be in the future (it is clear that the land should be young specimens, since adult plants and are more expensive and take root worse).
Determine the desired height, selected range of suitable plants. All plants should have more or less the same shape of the root system and a similar need for organic and mineral nutrition. For large trees dig separate holes, usually at least 1h1h (0.6-1) m. In general, the depth and width of the holes depends on the size of the root com or containers specific planting material. In the construction of the fence, you can loose some digging pit area, corresponding comas or containers. But most of the plants are planted in a high fence and a border, digging trenches, width and depth of which is determined by their root system.
In the trench or pit fall asleep fertile soil and throw it well. In the process of water soaking the soil settles. In it formed soil capillaries, set salt balance.
Another nuance. Planted plants at first not yet entrenched in the soil and watering them can be tilted and even fall. When a plant is planted in a separate pit, his tie to the support. You can tie up to each plant individual sticks-pillars, but the professional gardeners use temporary trellis.
At a distance of 10-15 m from each other in the area of the fence posts into the ground digged, usually does not exceed the height of the plants. If necessary, reinforce the pillars of stretch marks. Between the pillars 1-2 pull tight rope or wire to tie them planted plants. Tapestries dismantled after full rooting plants, as evidenced by strong growth shoots.
Immediately after planting the plants they cut 1/3 (conifers is not the case). This is an indispensable rule perceive novice gardeners and designers are already at the first stages of learning. But for amateur haircut newly planted plants seems nonsense. And the price of planting material formed depending on its height. And then — to cut off and take the «third of the price!»
But let’s face it. The nursery store or as an inexpensive offer of grafted planting material of ornamental plants seedlings. This means that 1-2 years ago with uterine plants were cut cuttings (twigs with two or three buds) and rooted. Suppose all the buds woke up and gave a thin shoots, although it is not always the case. The look of grafted seedlings are usually unattractive — from two to five miserable twigs. But for us the main thing — not the stems and root system.
Shoot growth depends on the development of the roots — this is true when the stalk takes root and grows at the same place. However, when the plant is removed from the soil, the roots are shocked and stopped sucking water. At the same time it leaves continue to evaporate, and the plant is dehydrated. Therefore it is necessary at least a third to reduce the evaporation of water from plants, that is to reduce the volume of the crown.
Another example: the cuttings are rooted not in the general Prikope, and in individual pots — this so-called «closed root system» (PCL). Roots grow well and tightly entwine the entire volume of the pot. When planting these plants in the ground root system is not damaged, and water balance is not disturbed. But if you do not trim the branches, and they will grow into long «rod.» However, seedlings with MCS usually allowed to acclimate in the first season after planting, but in the spring trimmed.
When mowing activated lateral buds, and every twig appears on 3-4 and more shoots. That is, cutting stimulate tillering. This is a major event for the formation of a thick crown. Shear even those bushes and trees, which in the future do not plan to configure.
«Forming» — a procedure that scares some owners of suburban areas. We often hear the standard «let the plants develop as they want,» «I like the neglected garden,» etc. And pulls argue that «you like to be lazy.» Once again I want to shout that the crop plants will not manage without a care. They are created by man for man, and without the proper care of feral and die. Therefore shear and fruit and ornamental plants is necessary.
Most bushes lateral buds not activated over the entire length of the stem, and directly under the cut. At high shearing it may be that long on the bare branch of a beam of thin shoots, but it’s ugly.
With the right haircut plants planted in the middle and border fences, their future (desired) height conventionally divided into three parts. After successfully rooting, strong growth and the subsequent wintering plants trimmed low — 1/3 of the height of the next season — at 2/3. For example, wants to get a fence height of 1.5 m. The first is carried out forming a haircut at a height of 0.5 m, the second — at a height of 1 m. More or sheared and shaped or not cut, and let rise (in the case of arched branches) . But when a «rod» of their cut as low as possible.
As the plants to neformirovannoy hedges used: yellow acacia — Karagan (Caragana), barberry (Berberis), euonymus (Euonymus), privet (Ligustrum), hawthorn (Crataegus), hydrangea (Hydrangea), dёren (Cornus), honeysuckle ( Lonicera tatarica), willow purple (Salix purpurea), viburnum (Viburnum), cotoneaster (Cotoneaster), cinquefoil (Potentilla), hazel (Corylus), bubble-carpel (Physocarpus), rose (Rosa), lilac (Syringa), Ribes alpinum (Ribes alpinum), snowberry (Symphoricarpos), spiraea (Spiraea), mock orange (Philadelphia), wild rose (Rosa canina), etc. Softwood: spruce (Picea), juniper (Juniperus), fir (Abes), thuja (Thuja). Popular in the southern latitudes of the yew and boxwood can vymerznut if the long winter temperatures fall below -20 ° C.
Of course, neatly trimmed hedge height of 1-1.5 m is an ornament of any site. It is usually made out of the bushes, carrying good haircut. From frost-resistant plants often planted privet, Karaganov cotoneaster and physocarpus, a little less — euonymus, dёren, purple willow, alpine currant and snowberry. Softwood — fifth western «Brabant» (Thuja occidentals ‘Brabant’).
Dense hedges were formed quickly and efficiently create professional gardeners at multilane landing. Trench, of course, dig wider. Young plants are planted three lines, with central row of seedlings is shifted by half a step towards the extreme ranks. Plants fastened to the trellis, set along the perimeter fence, the central series held at the expense side.
The first formative pruning is carried out during the active growth of all plants, ensuring uniformity of shoots — the «sprinters» cut out a thick and long stems. Subsequent pruning should encourage lateral branching, so clipping output trapezoidal profile. And only after a significant regrowth of shoots form a desired rectangular profile hedge.