More than 50 years working Nikita Abrosimovich Kop’ev in beekeeping, 32 of them, at the kolkhoz apiary. During this time, he tried a lot of different systems hives. As a result of sunbeds she refused absolutely, and in double-hulled contains only 10 families. Honey in these hives he never received more than 12ramochnyh shops. Now Nikita Abrosimovich manages a farm in 482 bee families and serves 133 families with an assistant.
In 1961 he bought the farm 50 multihull hives. That is the opinion of these hives oldest beekeeper: — We did not imagine the value of multi-hives and so they settle in the early spring is not in a hurry. We are going to take them to swarms. Only after the exhibition bee, and then under the influence of the district animal husbandry beekeeping experience, we decided to settle 10 multihull hives.
Transplant of bee colonies in them began April 22, 1962. In the body of the hive initially set at 3 frames, cropped below 7 centimeters, then all the frames with brood that shortened here. The rest of the place was filled with a new framework with the honeycombs
For expansion slots in advance to prepare the second body. They put 2 poluotstroennyh cell, 4 malomednyh frame and 4 with artificial honeycombs. With flowering gardens thus collected a second body to the first set.
Then we opened the multihull hives very rarely, just to check if bees have taken the upper body and work if they uterus. If lifting of the lap, we saw that the bees build honeycombs artificial and whiten the tops of old cell can be no doubt that the uterus and it also started to lay.
In rainy Peto f96? , between 15 and 20 July began with a weak bribes field of weeds. By this time frame with honeycomb in the second building were built and most of the brood combs occupied. At this time, we decided to put the hives on the third body. To do so: the body was taken from the second of five frames with brood and transferred to a third. Then at 2 and third body was added to 5 frames with artificial honeycombs, and then the third building on the second set. We thought that because we have less tear the nest, so — less and cool it. It turned out, however, different. Instead of heating the brood in two buildings, we forced the bees to heat it in three, and actually tore the nest and swarm instinct is not extinguished. As a result, half of the families came to swarm condition and collect less honey.
At the beginning of flowering buckwheat beehive with family №11, which stood out for work, we have set a fourth body. He completed 10 frames honeycombs and placed on top. The remaining hives becoming the fourth corps refrained from bad weather. Swarms, coming out of different hives apiary, inhabited 20 multihull hives. Plant them only with the honeycomb frames. Most swarms planted in early June, before the buckwheat received bribes from the second body. All swarms completely rebuilt the nest, normally developed and provided to feed themselves for the winter.
Stateful families conducted in late September showed that the family has built up 25 №11 combs not swarmed and collected 60 kilograms gross honey. The rest of the family in the multihull hives have collected an average of 50 kilograms fashion. Families also contained in the hive with supers shop, to collect an average of 42 kilograms.
• We understand that working with the multihull hives properly. But even with this method of beekeeping, we have saved a lot of work and time, and the family gathered honey significantly more than others. This alone leads to the conclusion in favor of the multiple effect of the hive.
AT ; That season we will certainly populate all 50 bee hives multihull, the third building will be placed between first and second. This technique mobilizes the bees to build comb, increases the rate of egg-laying queens, prevents swarming.
I would like also to note ID, which is now available from the hive of 3 buildings is small even for our steppe areas. We need hives, consisting of at least five buildings, the roof should be easier.
Beekeepers skillfully uses the gift of nature f east to west across the southern border of the Alma-Ata region, extend the spurs of mountains of Trans-Ili Alatau and Jungar. The tops of these mountains are covered with eternal glaciers, which are replaced by lower spruce forest, passing in the aspen thickets with wild uryuchnikom, apple trees and shrubs. Among them can be found barberry, Boyarka, bird cherry, honeysuckle, currant and a huge number of wild raspberries. From grassy honey plants are plenty of marjoram, catnip, turpentine nickname, clover, bruise, sainfoin and angelica. Along these spurs and housed 600 collective and state apiaries areas on which more than 60 thousand bee colonies.
Due to the terrain irregularity same plant species bloom at different times. First of all honey plants bloom in the foothills, where an abundance of willow, maple and fruit trees. Xu Dato beekeepers and bees in a hurry to take immediately after hibernation. Here, under the Protective of the mountains and ridges, as well as a powerful green barrier created exceptionally favorable conditions for the allocation of nectar and the bees work. Families grow brood a lot, update the nest and create good reserves of honey and bee bread fresh. The most powerful family in the spring of collect even marketable honey.
Every year, the bees are transported collective «Mountain Giant» farm «Issyk» and other services.
After flowering willow trees and gardens, many households carry their apiaries in the floodplain or where the temperature is in the
5- 10 degrees above the temperature of the lower-band hot. When bribes dzhida Gene Gil, Alhagi, sandy acacia honey plants, and many other families continue to grow and collect honey. Bribes here is the stronger, the more rain falls in the spring.
Beekeeping farm Alma-Ata tobacco-growing state farm his season also starts at the foot of the mountains, continues in the mountains and ends at the tobacco plantation. Medosbor so there are stable — 40-50 kilograms per family.
In the farm «Leninsky» Kagks Viennese district apiary in 100 families after the end of the main honey collection was divided into two parts: 60 families moved into the mountains, and 40 left the central manor. Exported family gathered further 35 to 30 kilograms of honey for the winter and built up to 3 kilos of young bees. The remaining 40 families of food stocks have fallen to
6- 7 kilograms, and bees went into winter with 3-4 lanes. Such poor families were not able to profit next year.
Properly understood the significance of migrations and abundant feed stocks for the bees, beekeepers Kalinin state farm Guard District. Here each family leave food for the winter at least 24 kilograms. A total of 3442 bee family farm located on 32 apiaries. In 1962, families from each state farm beekeepers received 60 kilograms gross honey and passed to warehouse 1030 quintals of marketable honey.
The highest rates of productivity of the bees in the apiary Oberemchenko Helen Joseph ‘, which is already several years in a row is a member of the Soviet Era. Serving with the assistant 126 families from each of them in 1962 she received 88 kilograms of the gross honey. This season, all the families will be transferred to the multihull hives, and serve them is Elena Josephovna one.
Its example is followed by other advanced beekeepers farm.
The high honey yield obtained in the Lenin collective farm, Enbekshi-Kazakh region. Even in the most arid to the area in 1961 beekeeping farm of 2,100 farm families gave 100 quintals of marketable honey, and in 1962 — 250 Brigade led by beekeepers here Levinsky. This is an experienced beekeeper and a good organizer. ^
On the farm there is a bee hive and voskoboynaya workshops. In winter, beekeepers make new hives, repair old ones, the old overheat drought. Cost of the hive in the economy 9 rubles.
Good impression remains of the farm visits beekeeping farm Uzun Agach, Zhambyl region. Here, 600 families in 1962 received 180 quintals of marketable honey, or 30 kilograms per family. Not bad. Head of the farm. Dahovsky not a random person in beekeeping. During his 14 years on each apiary built good Zimovniki and homes for beekeepers, and the central manor farm * • hives voskoboyny workshop and shop.
Achieve good results beekeepers farm «Lepsinsk» St. Andrew’s district, the farm «Red October», Sarkand area. They are not waiting for the honey he «comes» in the hives, and the search for it, driving up the bees to his very roots.
Unfortunately, this truth has learned not all heads of state and collective farms, and, of course, lose a lot of it.
magazine for 1962 M. «F. Shalagin in the article «What’s more profitable?» Timely raised the question of whether it is advantageous to keep the apiary replacement ewes.
In the development of a simplified system of care for the bees in the Kemerovo region, we had to revise many of the recommendations. We conducted special experiments on which to draw conclusions about the expediency of a receiving care of bees In this article we want to talk about the results of the two-year assessment Da bots ways to use spare zimovalyh queens.
The experience has been put in Leninsk Kuznetsky district of the Kemerovo region, the apiary number 9 Kemerovo State Agricultural Experiment Station.
In the fall of 1959 we picked up two groups of 10 bee colonies. The experimental group included strong family, each having a spare uterus and control * — the family of the same strength but without replacement ewes. In the experiment into account the cost of labor and time to care for their families and basic spare queens, honey flow, productivity of bee colonies and cores, the quality of wintering.
Strong families in the experimental and control groups was well tolerated winter, and annual output cores shabby. This once again confirms the known data that strong families overwinter better than the weak.
In the summer the family were kept in double-hulled hives. Care of them was the same in both the experimental group and the control group. Replacement ewes at first kept in shestiramochnyh cores through the dead of the partition to a standard hive, and then placed in separate hives and used as assistants. Bribes both years was too late: the end of July and beginning of August. Before the main bribe in June, used bribes to support mL zmeegolovnika Siberian. In 1960, the bribe was weak, and in 1961 — an average. The test results are summarized in the table.
The table shows that the replacement of the uterus increases the yield of marketable honey ;, 44.7 percent, but labor costs for their catered to increase more than doubled. Due to the increasing cost of labor productivity declined by 38 percent. During the season, the beekeeper has spent an average of caring for bees 600 man-hours. Without matokpomoschnits per man-hour, he produced 6.6 kilograms of marketable honey as a whole during the season 600 X 6,6 — 3960 kg. With queens-assistants for each man-made 4.1 kilograms of marketable honey, and a season — 600 X 4,1 = 2460 kilograms. Loss of the use of queens assistants will make 3960 — 2460 = 1500 kg of marketable honey.
Therefore, all the supporters queens assistants shout about high gross honey collection from the same family and modestly keep quiet about the marketability of the apiary.
Thus, the economy is not profitable to keep spare queens and bee colonies are normal. This is evident from the following calculation: to care for 100 bee families will be spent 252 man-hours (without pumping honey) and produced 1810 kg of marketable honey. Other apiary will have 50 bee colonies and 50 replacement ewes for care that will be required (no pumping honey) 308 man-hours. When honey yield, 44.7 percent more than without replacement of queens, you will receive 1310 kg of marketable honey. That is, caring for apiary with extra queens will be spent on the 56 man-hours, and «reward» for the additional work expended would be lost 500 kilograms of marketable honey.
Our experiments confirmed the correct view MF Shalagina that spare the uterus-wintering assistant inhibit increase in labor productivity. Not by chance the best beekeepers of the Kemerovo region, Kemerovo applying the system of care, service without replacement ewes from 102 to 125 families and rent a warehouse of 41-51 centners of marketable honey. So, in 1962 AN Syrgasheva from 102 families have received 21 family growth and handed over to the warehouse 51 quintal of marketable honey. P. A «Sapozhnikov from 125 families received 27 shrunken growth and handed over to the warehouse 41 quintal of marketable honey. Such examples are many, and from other areas. In particular, the Tomsk DT Naychuk beekeeper for 14 years, the average was 8 kilograms with family without the use of replacement ewes.
LG L Ile, DS Hodanoz from the East — Kazakhstan raids served an apiary of more than 100 families and handed over to the warehouse from 30 to 130 quintals of marketable honey. Such apiary annual yield high profits.