In my opinion, one of the most exciting types of fishing is catching spinning rudd. This purposeful activity, and not a side effect of catching other predatory fish. You may wonder: «What does a predator to Rudd?». But it will be wrong. Rudd — avid and voracious predator, sometimes prefer trolling and bait and lure vegetable worm. It is no less the aggressor than the same ide, which in the case also would not mind to taste your lure. And size and she yazyu not too inferior.
According to Wikipedia, a normal size adults rudd 16-19 cm and weight of 100-300, but the length of its body can reach 51 cm and maximum known weight — 2.1 kg with a lifetime of 19 years. Rudd grows slowly, on average, about 3 cm per year. And what about her diet in most reference books write that it consists of plant foods. But in practice it is not so, Rudd — predator and shows their carnivorous habits at a very early age: the individual length of only 10 cm ultralaytovye readily attack lures even a third of the length of its body. Of course, a young and well caught on worm fishing rod, dough mastyrku, but with instances of larger things differently. Sometimes I had to catch the big ones even on the small bait fish intended for pike. With age predator changing habits and diet, kept apart from the young become very cautious.
Once in the pre-spawning period (end of April), I spent the next experiment, caught a few instances on credit minivobler near a fallen tree, replaced the bait on the hook with a worm gear and threw it into the center of the cluster of large fish, but serious bites followed. Then, having thrown a fishing tackle ashore, immediately pulled a small rudd. After that, I put it back and continue the successful baits catch big predators are already near the shore and near snags. But this was only observed in the spring.
Rudd is active all the open water season, but the best time for fishing lures — spring and early summer, when the predator is basking in the shallows free of vegetation. Since coming off the ice and appears midge activity and begins rudd. Our band is often the case in the early or mid-April. The peak of its interest in the spinning lures begins precisely at that time and continues until about the end of June to the middle of the summer place of its habitat spinning already, basically, do not toss, Especially at warming the water and abundant food, it disperses, and its Search is complicated, Although it is not a reason to refuse such an interesting hunting, the more that you are caught on ultralight and other types of fish: ide, perch, pike, chub, etc.
Habitat rudd is quite varied. It lives in almost all of our rivers and lakes. Search for it must be in a standing or weakly running water in the shallows with abundant vegetation. However, thick gloomy thickets in the water she avoids. Basically, rudd held between algae, water lilies or other obstacles in the shallows with a strongly overgrown with reeds and bushes banks. From experience I can conclude that one of the best concentrations of Krupnyakov Krasnopyorov predator were shallow water with submerged snags or trees, vast fields of water lilies with a shallow vegetation between them and the corridors between dense thickets. There also is trying to find her first.
Tackles. Rudd — strong fish, a real battle in the struggle with the tackle. Species 200 g can give a serious fight and landing of an extreme, especially in the presence of algae and herbs, I use soft ultralaytovy spinning Daiwa Spinmatic Tuflite 602 ULFS 1.8 m to test 1-4, the main advantage is its sensitivity when working with lures minimum size — it allows you to keep track of virtually any changes in the spinners in stagnant water, and in the flow. It is also a great sense of the game minivoblerov, importantly, this rod has excellent damping characteristics, which helped in vyvazhivanii and 2-kilogram trophy. My rod is equipped with a light reel with monofilament 0.16 mm, but not excluding the use of a thin cord. The clutch must be somewhat loosened, as bites often hard as golavlinye.
Actually, the length of the rod — at your discretion. Each size has its advantages. Play a role here and the conditions of fishing: shots from under the branches, between the bushes and reeds, all standing up to the waist in the swamp. It is important to mobility and high precision casting, which have just a short rod. These are generally and more sensitive. With a long rod improves the opportunity for casting due to obstruction, a possible long-range throw and wider maneuver the bait, as well as easier landing of fish near the obstacles. But these advantages are increasingly important for fishing from the shore, when the cast comes from the corridors or in the reeds of the trees. When fishing from a boat vzabrodku and I would advise not too long spinning rods up to 1.8 m. This will give you and agility and greatly simplify the landing of the catch when fishing vzabrodku: standing waist-deep or deeper, short rod much easier and faster to bring fish under the arm , And this is the time of a potential off-hook. Close tightened rudd, afraid of your presence, makes the rapid move to the side and if you give her a few more seconds, it can be broken.
And a little about how to take rudd hand. It has the strong, slick and high body, so the best way to do it divaricata five fingers, taking the fish flat on the palm, thereby clasping her fingers across the body. If you grab the head, and she had a small rudd, the fish are likely to slip. Of course, more appropriate would be well advised to carry a short landing net, but personally I ultralight associated with minimalism and mobility.
The fishing conditions vzabrodku if you do not follow the principle of «Catch and Release» and takes commodity items, pay attention to the storage of the catch. The most simple method — to take a tank-string bag, which you attach to a belt or a boat. It should be durable, as it is possible to cling to the roots or cut it leaves telorez and neck tightening as necessary to wander and chest, and in this case the tank will be free to go after you. I prefer to use a multiple-Kukan. Usually, missing five or six sections. As for me, standing waist-deep in the algae, it is much more convenient — unbuttoned section planted fish, and do not stretch the loop with one hand on the neck of the cage permanently remove bundles of algae and rot nabivshiesya home. Kukanov But there is a disadvantage associated with the fact that rudd weak lips and cling to her accounts, threading through the mouth and gills. This is especially true of large individuals. This section is not advisable to hang more than three or four fish, otherwise the weight of the rest of the catch or toe of the algae can be terminated with gills and lips, lost and injured fish. Besides fish with gills under the rope faster snёt and ports, so when pushed on, it is desirable to prevent damage to blood vessels in the fish’s mouth, tongue and around the gills. The free end of the rope Kukan recommend to equip a reliable rifle and ammunition to have a ring, for which he was to hang. On the other hand, you’re always at rest can easily detach it and put a water pre-hooking to a tree branch.
You will also need an extractor or thin pliers — rudd often deeply swallows the bait, extractor and cook should be prepared in advance, having fastened or put in the breast pocket of his vest.
In order to have not developed the wrong idea, I would say that such frequent mention of fishing vzabrodku not due to the fact that it is the best method for the extraction of rudd and a coincidence of time and spring peak biting ban on fishing from a boat.
Ultralaytovogo baits for spinning, which is caught rudd lot. It turntables, wobblers, stikbeyty, twisters, and the combined lures.
Remember: the choice of bait must match the activity of the fish.
In the case of rudd truth is simple: most catchability bait the one that corresponds to the size of the fish’s mouth, and it is easy to be swallowed. Otherwise, the wiring will be accompanied by a futile butting. But much to the granulate size is not necessary, or large individuals simply do not have time to grab your bait, they will overtake the omnipresent detail. If possible, you need to experiment with the selection of bait, its color, depth speed.
Perhaps the most simple, but at the same time is an effective fishing rudd on spinners. But you need to find the chopper wisely. Small petal-winding with half-turn, small hook — mandatory conditions. A good and reasonable in all respects is a goal, for example, the model Mepps Aglia 00, significantly increases the number of bites beard, but rather a small fountain «fly» on a tee. In regard to color my opinion coincides with that of the famous Russian Yury Zaslavsky fisherman golden petals and a red «fly», although some of my friends disagree.
In this kind of fishing I prefer small wobblers. Minivoblery so-called «flea» have a length of 1-1.5 cm and a miniature tee is suspended from the bottom. Usually they can not throw far enough even ultralight, so I set before them in the form podgruzku bombard, which is easy to replace homebrew twig. It can be made from a transparent plastic housing clerical pen filled with water. Bait is desirable to put on a leash from a thin fishing line than the main — for example, 0.12 mm. In the clear water on a thick fishing line bite worse. Leash must be sufficiently long, at least 60 cm, preferably up to one meter. With meter leash managed to tackle will be harder, but the bites will become much larger. Although the «flea», basically, and sinking, but this gear provides penetration bait no more than 10-30 cm, which is perfect for habitat rudd. Minivobler like «the flea» you can do yourself, the process of its manufacture is described in detail in an article by Datsenko (SR№4 -2012) for the previous year.
Rudd is very legible to the color lures, but specific preferences determined by a pond. Featuring a high suspicion, this fish, however, is very noticeable fan of bright colors: red, orange, gold, yellow. In my case, they are the catching capacity.
Some anglers use a similar tackle floating ogruzkoy and a small twist-set on a short leash in 15cm. Postings in this case, the jerks, making stops in between for a few seconds.
All described baits have one major drawback: they are also popular with youngsters pike habitat which fully coincides with the area rudd. But there has been invented an antidote, an iron leash when fishing rudd is impossible to put it strongly affect the catchability tackle.
Rudd caught on small stikbeyty and poppers, but bait krasnoperochnoy enlist their expertise is not necessary because of the very large size — less than 4 cm sticks I have not seen. But this purposeful rinsing stikbeyta to warm the shallows in search of spring-summer perch and pike, it has repeatedly come across and rudd.
The tactics of fishing. In search of rudd have to systematically bombard potential sites in shallow water with abundant vegetation in the water and above it. Perfectly fit the narrow passages in the reeds and water lilies, the shallows near the pure water. In such places to find this fish will be no problems, there are many rudd, although the size may disappoint you. And in the future, gaining the necessary experience, you will already know where your favorite parking space commodity copies, and which constantly keeps only fry. Do not be afraid to give a little advice: if you repeatedly in the same place comes across a trifle, will likely have to change the position — a big fish will not be there,
What’s very interesting — is very often Krupnyakov heap, within about a meter of some terrain features (snag, bald spots among algae mikrozaliv), and throwing in a place almost every bite or wiring earn the trophy. Often, from year to year, such «cereal» places do not change, although the presence of the fish depends on the water temperature. Often brings about changes and water level. 8 Last April, their habitats have changed a lot because of the high water, the water was higher than in the previous year, to 40 centimeters, and at the height of the season had to look for new places catchability. I recommend to do likewise and not be inspired by memories of catchability this point last season.
As for the choice of a particular item, share your own useful observations, as I have already said, adult rudd is quite cautious, so there are some features of their fishing. Basically, they are connected with care and observation of movement. It is necessary to move very quietly, no matter vzabrodku you walk or boat, it is necessary in every sense of the word to stalk position. From this amount of your catch may vary significantly. Not to mention the quality. With proper care, you can fishing on not only the long-range, but also the near abroad, and in the bush is very important. But not always possible to sneak up quietly, especially vzabrodku. In this case, I understand that a flock of startled and bites do not see, do not change the position immediately. If you do not make a noise, the fish often returns after 5-10 minutes and takes the bait perfectly And while waiting, try fishing on other potential locations, which will be able to throw the. A well-chosen position, and patience can bring more than a dozen tails. Tested in practice!
In the absence of wind Search rudd simplified. For food, it often rises to the surface, causing the water there are divergent small circles, rarely bursts. And the nature of the community is different from fry. Typing some experience, you will learn how to allocate the commodity rudd on surface activity. In this case, it would be good to get it long casts, since in the absence of excitement in her excellent overview from the surface up close and she will not let you.
Early spring in the evening after a warm sunny day biting rudd most active, and its flock hunt along the vegetation, as evidenced by the breakers and circles on the water. At this time should be attentive, in time to track the movement of the pack and therefore to change the point of casting. Frankly, if you get on such an evening nibble, refill experience fishing rudd inevitable. Attacks are confident bite sharp vyvazhivanie exciting!
I will not talk about vyvazhivanii for ultralaytchika there is nothing new, but will describe features krasnoperochnyh attacks. I have never seen such a variety of attacks one species of fish in a single season, not to mention one day. The standard attack is straightforward access to the bait and swallowing followed by reversal. At this point, you feel a jerk of the rod and should, poorly podseknuv, for lips is very delicate, start vyvazhivanie. This picture is, there just under the surface, and everything can be perfectly considered: moving the bait surf, sharp and short throw reversal. Sometimes Enough precede final 1-2 punch-butting, and sometimes taking the bait in his mouth, predator accompanies her several meters (5-6!), Only slightly bending the tip of the rod. But in any case it is impossible to try to hook in the fish to leap in her own way, otherwise you are more likely to be defeated, corny bait pulling out of her mouth. Such features are likely to be associated with the structure of the mouth rudd and features enough.
Catch the fish at any time of the day, although there is a tendency to exacerbate activity and fish in the morning and evening. During the day more than a trifle rude, interrupting biting. But in April and May, when the water reservoir has not yet warmed up, there is, when biting, they say, «on the clock» — for example, from 18 to 20 only. But the bite to the slaughter! I was beginning to gain experience fishing rudd on the advice of a friend at this time of year and day, and what you can think of,
All of the above defines a special, exciting style of fishing rudd spinning. So we look forward to the heat, take the equipment and go out on the water with ultralight,