Indeed, to put a second body, we have to take out all the frames of the first, each viewing, select a few frames brood and complement their second building. Then you need to put in order the socket fill material to insulate the free space in the hive and only then put the second body. Such operations are repeated during the season several times what is spent a lot of time and effort.
When the content of the bees in a lounger beekeeper also have to operate separate framework and also spend time unproductively. These hives are expensive and uneconomical poi manufacture, heavy, uncomfortable at Kochetkov to honey collection and staged in winterer, with half their volume often left blank.
Multihull hive does not have these disadvantages. It is easy: a teenager or a woman can freely raise housing migrations when convenient, economical to manufacture. But its main advantage is that the beekeeper does not operate separate frames and whole corps, fully completed frameworks. This is what allows dramatically (2-3 times) to raise the productivity of the pile. Bee colonies in such hives in the spring rapidly and reaching a huge force, collect a lot of honey.
Multihull hive consists of komshi, ceiling, several buildings, the bottom hive stands and frames.
manufacture of hives and frames used healthy softwood and hardwood soft.
The roof is flat, consists of piping and roofing. The roof of thin planks (thickness 15 mm) is going through the tongues in plate, is impermeable to water but still it must be ironed. It is worn on the body vnahlobuchku.
Housing — elongated rectangular box. It is made from thick boards 25-35 mm (for the central and southern regions) and 35-40 (for the northern and eastern regions). The housing has internal dimensions of 450 * 375 mm, its height — 240 millimeters. Holds it is 10 frames. The walls at the corners are connected directly to the spike nails. The top, inside the front and rear walls, selected fold suspension frames. Rebated or plinths for bonding hulls to each other are not available, because the body is firmly held by means of propolis. The front wall of the upper entrance is made of 15-20 mm in diameter at a distance of 5 cm from the top edge. Closes notches sleeve. The lower entrance is formed by the bottom of a special device, as described below. The side walls are chosen rakovinoobraznye recesses for easy carrying cases.
All housings are identical and interchangeable.
The ceiling of the hive is the shield of the wagon belt loops collected in the tongue and inserted from all four sides in a slot binding.
Bottom — detachable, recycling consists of a bottom plate (flooring), assembled and inserted dowel on three sides by three bars in the slot associated oblique spikes. The front of the bar there, and this creates the lower notches. The slots in the bars are made from. so as to form a bead 22 and a height of 9.5 millimeter. On these boards, and put the first building.
Turning the bottom (for the winter or summer), the beekeeper increases or decreases podramochnoe space and height of tap-hole. The entrance also regulated by a special insert with slots.
Stand hive done simultaneously with the take off board. The device it is shown.
Frames do delimited Hoffmann, side panels in the upper part of which is 12 mm wider than the bottom. The main advantage of such a framework is that they allow to transport bees to honey collection without prior preparation of their nests: the frame is always tightly closed, held securely in place and maintain a constant and precise spacing between cells.
Resettle bees in hives multihull best in early spring, shortly after the show zimovnika them out when there is little brood nests.
For the success of this work, a beekeeper in the winter must be fully equipped to prepare the hives and frame wire and honeycomb.
The bench cell frame is shortened from 300 to 230 millimeters. It is better to use a template made of tin. By applying a template in turn to the side compendium Cams (hacksaw saw off any excess with a knife trimmed cells and re-strengthen the lower bar. Such frameworks are prepared for at least 7-8 for each family of bees.
In the spring, after the flyby of bees, the hive with a new body, stocked 7- 8 framework, put in place of the old hive and the bees shake it. At the same time make sure that the uterus is also located in the new hive. At this time 2-3 in the old part of the hive is brood. This framework is also rapidly shorten and placed in the middle of a new hive.
When the bee family will be relocated, all vacant old cell frame is also shortened.
Bee family quickly master new nest and lay their eggs vigorously uterus. When the family and the need to develop the expansion slot on the first building put a second, fully stocked with honeycomb frames. If such a framework is not enough, the body replenished with artificial honeycomb frames, the oldest of between cells. The bees and the queen usually go straight into the second body and master it.
With the new expansion of the third slot chassis, fully stocked with honeycomb frames, set between the first and second housing (counter). This gap family nest of bees is known! abhors mobilize all its reserves, she tries to lead as quickly as possible in order slot.
In the middle of the slot created strong family and other favorable conditions, due to which all 10 combs the middle hull will soon be filled with brood. Even with a weak bribe these families to increase the main honey yield greater power and save energy volley. To prevent the occurrence of families swarm state, put on the hives fourth body, and with the beginning of a productive bribe — fifth, sixth, and so on. D.
You can move the bees in another way. When the bee family is sufficient develop, and the city is at least a small bribe to the body of the old hive put a new, smaller, with the ceiling and the roof, fully stocked with the honeycomb frames. The resulting top-old building close the gap potolochinoy. When the bee master the second body to give him a third filled with honeycomb frames or cells (depending on the strength of a bribe). And after the cell in the old hive liberated from the brood, they are removed at the bottom of the stand placed multiple effect of the hive, and he put the body already detuned and cut the size of the new cells.
There is a successful experience of development of multi-hive swarms. Make it so. In new buildings with a complete set of frames with honeycomb put large swarms. With a special construction energy swarms quickly rebuilt in the first cell, and then the second, and sometimes third case and gather sufficient supplies of food.
The content of the bees in hives multihull is much simpler than other systems in the hive. Families spend the winter in two buildings. The lower body is busy autumn slot, the top — honey and pollen. Abundant supplies of feed-sine qua multiple effect of beekeeping. Each family leave of 30-35 kg of bee honey. Then, even when wintering bees in the wild and in conditions of severe frosts beekeeper can be sure that it will be successful, and that in the event of a protracted cold spring and the family to the main bribe will be strong and functional.
During the winter club bees as honey consumption moves into the upper body. In the spring, when the upper body is fully occupied brood and bees body are reversed: the lower put up, and the top — down. Bees will go back to the upper body and the uterus poguchi — full scope for oviposition. As the family put a third counter housing between first and second. In the future, the amount of increase whole hive bodies (see. Fig. 3).
Take away the honey and whole buildings. To do this, use the frame with a stretched cloth (burlap). Ram is on the outer dimensions of the enclosure. To select honey cloth moistened with a solution of carbolic acid, and placed on the upper body instead of the ceiling. After 2-3 minutes, the sharp smell of all the bees go to the lower body, and the beekeeper removes the honey body free from bees.
When working with carbolic solution should be careful not to get burned. How long to keep the frame of honey frames can not be, or honey can absorb the smell of carbolic acid.
If you change the old queens they usually do not seek out. To do this, put a separation between the hulls bars. After 10-15 days grille removed. The uterus while continuing to work together, and then the old die.
When the content of a multiple-swarm bee colonies rarely, as they are contained in large nests, and bees all the time loaded with work. If a family comes to swarm state between the female corps put even housing with honeycombs or cells, or one of the top breeding buildings rearrange. This gap also prevents swarming nest.
Wintering bees is best done in the wild.
Bee families leave the winter in two (or even three) housings. The gap between the upper and lower frames of the case allows the bees to move freely in the streets of the street and out of the housing into the housing in the warmest part of the club. Club bees should be placed in dark cells. The lower housing is left 10-15, and 20-25 kg of honey top.
Lateral thermal insulation does not apply. Honey — the best insulation. Bee family will never perish from cold and hunger only. Head conventional insulation. Outside hives and no insulated. Under the bottom of the packed dry leaves, straw, moss and so on. N. The lower tap hole is closed tightly, and keep the top open. As soon as possible the hives should be covered with snow. It is important to protect them from the wind.
The beekeeper will make an unforgivable mistake, if it is to work in the apiary, hives multihull equipped, the old methods. It must resolutely reject such practices, which require disassembly and rearrangement of individual nests framework. We have to work whole corps! Only in exceptional cases (bee diseases, the appearance of wax moth, and so on. F.) To inspect the nest.
On multihull apiary is not carried out such useless work requiring great effort, as the assembly of nests for the winter, spring and autumn revision of bee colonies, equalizing force families Retrieving queens, cutting drone brood, the use of lateral insulation, uterine cells, potolochin from separate plates, reechek for laying in the streets, wedges for securing the framework and the other taken from amateur beekeeping.
Experience shows that a beekeeper can freely serve apiary equipped multihull hives to 150 200 bee colonies. And the bees should be relocated whole apiaries 80-100 families. It is better to work in pairs, that is, the apiary 300-400 families have to appoint a senior beekeeper and an assistant.
Hives in this case are placed at separate locations 50-80 families medosbornyh depending on the terrain. Beekeepers must have at its disposal vehicles.
With the accumulation of practical experience pressure on beekeepers may eventually be increased.
To financially interested beekeepers in the service of so many families, piece-rates for obtaining honey, wax, new families, and others working in the apiary should leave until the same.
Old hives need to alter on the stand under the hives on the body of the new standard, replacement roofs and bottoms.
So, what gives the multihull content of the bees? Queen bee, being in a small nest, lay eggs hard, and the bees are well grown offspring. Families rapidly and achieve immense power and therefore capable of producing more than ordinary honey at least twice. Beekeeper, refusing to work with each individual frame and from a variety of useless techniques can serve two to three times more bee colonies. Thus, the translation of apiaries in the multihull hives gives the four-five-fold effect.