This is an annual climbing herbaceous plant of the Cucurbitaceae family hails from Southeast Asian culture has long been cultivated in southern China and Japan, the Philippines and New Guinea, Indo-China, India, Indonesia. In ancient times, because of the unusual flavor and a variety of useful properties of this vegetable is considered a medicinal and ritual in China consume Momordica food could only imperial family, and in India and does momordica plant was called Gods.
We know quite a lot of varieties of this plant. Some varieties are only suitable for the cultivation of ornamental as houseplants, some varieties are cultivated as a vegetable culture. All of them — the vines and fruits form all kinds momordika vaguely resemble cucumbers. However, not all growers, some compare this elongated oval berry covered with papillae, projections (colors momordika fruits — from bright orange to white) with a ripe pumpkin. Another taste the «cucumber» recalls persimmon due juicy, fragrant husk dark ruby color, lurking inside the fruit. Momordika common second name — «bitter gourd». The fact that the taste has a pleasant bitterness momordika. Because of this, in our latitudes, it made fruit soaked in salt water. However, many do not, preparing momordika from a variety of exotic fresh salads and delicious seasonings. This vegetable stew, as well as salted and pickled.
Grow Momordica like in the garden, in greenhouses and greenhouses, and in the loggia, in the glassed-in balcony and indoors. The plant is grown seedling method. Propagation Momordica using germinated and sprouted seeds and cuttings.
As for the seeds of this indescribably beautiful plants, they themselves are so unusual and attractive, which can become part of the interior of the exotic or the now fashionable «natural» design. Momordika seeds are large enough (about 15 mm long and 9 mm wide), round and slightly flattened, with irregular lobed edges and undulating surface. On the flat sides of the seed of nature struck a pattern similar to the national pattern of the Indian peoples. And the pattern on each seed is unique genetics argue that, like fingerprints, on seeds momordika pattern is never repeated.
It is a tropical plant in regions with traditionally hot summers can be grown in open ground — as an element of landscape design along the fences for the design of pavilions and terraces. Flowers momordika very beautiful and exotic with their gamopetalous pyatizubchatym whisk, and their scent reminiscent of the fragrance of gardenia.
We have home gardens are usually grown two varieties momordika — Indian Pomegranate (momordica haranti) and balsamic pear (Momordica balsamic).