From 1 to 3 years

From 1 to 3 years

During this period, the most important type of memory is motor. Scarce stores various movements and actions. However, they have not been brought to automatism — if they cease to constantly repeat, will soon forget everything baby. During this period, all stored by itself, that is, the memory is involuntary. Children absorb information like a sponge everything that is related to their direct activity. All they need to know what causes strong emotional reactions. Studies have shown that primarily remembered negatively stained events or images, then — and only after the positive — neutral.

Most of the time in the memory doshkolenka facts emerge with negative emotional coloring — burn, attack dogs, trauma.

Time to learn English

In the early preschool years stands the so-called verbal memory. That’s why experts recommend teach children a foreign language before school. After this training is 70% of the study of verbal grammar, where you just have to remember, not to understand. At this age, kids can not just take some information, but also to reproduce it. A child may suddenly recall some events about which you yourself have forgotten. This happens more often unexpected and under the influence of any external factors which have a strong impression. For example, feeling the aroma of blossoming lilac, baby can remember last year’s spring tour when the air was filled with the same scent.

At 3-5 years of age are closely intertwined imagination and memory — in the mind of the baby is often confused that it was in fact, and the fact that he invented himself. At the same time he is 100% sure of the reality of imaginary events.

From 3 to 5 years

In this age of information, which can keep in mind the child increases. And involuntary memorization is gradually replaced by arbitrary. Kid deliberately aims to remember something. The simplest example of his arbitrary memory — • a situation where a child learns the poem carefully before a matinee. At first he only one to I isolated the problem: it is necessary to remember stihot- 1 Vorenus to perform well. 1 is necessary for memorizing techniques in doing so he does not yet own. T gives them an adult organizing a repeat! separate lines, then stanzas, directs with questions: «What happened then?» «And then?». The child gradually learns to repeat, to comprehend, to bind the material in order to

Scarce is easier to remember a poem or text if simultaneously perform game actions. You can try to draw the work with him, read on roles.

memorize Brain Workout

Everyone knows that the muscles of the body may increase in size and become stronger as a result of regular training. The same can be said about the memory. Even if the natural (genetically caused) the memory of your baby is not too strong, you can improve it through a variety of games and exercises. Just do not forget this:

«A child can memorize all that is connected semantic associations with known he understood. With their help the baby establishes a relationship between objects, phenomena and facts. For example, the crumb to a year now in a position to tie the game ball, hot tea — the pain. A very important element of the association is the environment of the child. So, baby, easily reciting a poem at home, can not remember a single line from it in the street. The process of recalling him to be associated with the home environment. «Brain child able to remember everything,

It seems it an unusual or unique.

This property is known as the memory phenomenon Restorfa, and one of its manifestations is the effect of the first.

The kid is better remembered all that comes with it for the first time — flying a plane, the first strong bruise, the first performance in kindergarten. That is why adults better remember events of their childhood than adulthood. When a person grows older, everything starts to seem commonplace.

«A child learns through repetition. Kid under 4 years old need it constantly, several times a day, only consolidates the information in its memory for a long time. After 4 years, when the memory becomes more mature, it is possible to apply the «principle of five repetitions.» The basic rule is to first repeat the information immediately after digestion, and then the next day, a week, a month, and finally, after three months.


Some kids found a special kind of visual memory — eidetic. It is sometimes called the photographic — the child very quickly, bright, clear imprints in the memory of certain objects and then easily recall them in detail. It is this kind of memory lay the foundation early memorization techniques, based on the demonstration of a variety of images, letters and words.

Level Memory toddler

Is it the child’s age? To check this, use the method proposed by Rean. It is recommended for preschoolers, beginning with the 3-year-olds. You will need three sets of picture size of 5-7 cm, 16-25 cards each. Each set must be such that it can be divided into 3 groups. For example: animals, fruits, clothing. Self test includes 3 stages, each of which is recommended every other day.


Show your child pictures of the first set, one by one, but do not put the task in front of him to remember them, «I will show you a picture, and you carefully look at each of them.» After the demonstration, ask the kid to name the images that he remembered. ^ SECOND STAGE

Encourage your child to spread the cards from the second set into 4 groups according to the principle that what is suitable. After remove the pictures and ask the kid to remember and list the images in groups.


Ask your child to remember as many images of the third set. Each picture is shown for about 3 seconds. When all the pictures are shown, ask your child to play on the memory depicted in these subjects. Processes data

Kid at every stage memorized 5 pictures — insufficient memory 7-9 — average, more than 10 — the highest.

The phenomenon appears Restorfa the brighter, the more senses involved in the process of perception. If you follow this principle, the memories of the childhood of your baby will remain.

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