The history of the struggle for supremacy in the creation of a nuclear bomb takes what some 6 years — since 1939, when Europe started invasion of fascism, to 1945, when the United States conducted its first nuclear test. Even by the standards of human life is a negligible period of time. By historical standards — a moment. But that moment has turned and continues to turn human existence in a constant struggle for survival in the nuclear world. Today the world is again on the brink of nuclear war.
And it all began quite scary — a renaissance of physics in the early 20th century. Cascade brilliant fundamental discoveries in the turn of the century was a harbinger of the transition of humanity into a new era, a new attitude and outlook. I will mention just some of them: the discovery of V. Roentgen X-ray (Nobel Prize in 1901), the discovery of polonium and radium, natural radioactivity of uranium A. Becke-relem, Pierre Curie and M. Sklodowska-Curie (Nobel Prize in 1903 g), the discovery of the electron in an atom D. Thompson (Nobel Prize in 1906), the establishment of general and special relativity theory and the formulation of the relation between mass and energy of Einstein, which formed the basis of