Gardeners of the country lay the annual fruit plantations over a large area. In nurseries only Mogilev region (Byelorussia) in 1963, more than a million seedlings grown apple. As if we’re doing good, useful work — creating gardens for those who will live under communism. After all, an apple tree lives for almost 100 years, and more than a pear.
But what it will Gardens? In the gardens of the Mogilev region, for example, it grows mainly Antonivka, trees which bear fruit in a year. Antonovka Apples are stored only until January, at best, until February (Antonivka-kamenichka).
To create a highly profitable gardens, we need to use the age-old experience of the Russian gardeners, high-yielding varieties of Central Russian and techniques of their culture, and to promote a culture molded gardens. According to VI Budagovsky, France molded crop plantings reaches 400-500 quintals per 1 hectare.
We know that the testing of new varieties of fruit trees require decades; for agronomic experiments also need a lot of time if we want to get high data reliability. In order not to lose a decade, it is necessary to appeal to many years of observations of gardeners as Michurin, MV Rytov, VV Pashkevich, as well as professionals of our generation.
In the US, based on annual fruit bearing orchards (by Acad. Brezhnev DD) consists of two varieties — Jonathan and Ben Davis.
Jonathan we (Gorki, Mogilev region) fruiting periodicity (grafted onto Antonovka), and the second grade in Belarus no. But if they were fruit-bearing year for us, it is not yet known of their hardiness and unusual for us to taste apples.
How to create an annual fruiting gardens?
Answer We can only growers of Mogilev region. In Gorki growing apple varieties Anis Anis striped and red, in 16 years there was not a bad year. In addition, trees are durable, very winter-hardy, especially Anis striped. Each year, give the fruit of apple varieties Pepinka Lithuanian, Wells Chulanovka and Pepin saffron, but they are not frost-resistant.
It is not known on what rootstock grafted Anisa in Gorki, Mstislavl, Mogilev, Slavgorod, but, obviously, should be used in Mogilev Anis striped. There are other hardy varieties. According to observations of G. Bogdanova, in Gorki in the winter of 1955/56, the varieties of trees not podmerzli Borovinka Nichnera and Strawberry. But both did not bear fruit every year, the trees are short-lived first, and the second — affected fruit rot.
We have a semi dwarf, frost, fruit-bearing apple tree varieties annually Raika red, which is used as a rootstock growers. We believe that on the rootstock varieties Anis striped red and Raika need to vaccinate anise, which should be the foundation of Mogilev region hardy annual fruit-bearing orchards. Therefore, you need to collect all the fruit seeds of these varieties, and regionalize Anis striped as the main nurseries and give maximum inoculation plan.
Antonovka Apples population loves and therefore this variety should be seriously addressed. In 1910, MV Rytov 18 clones described it, some even better recognized varieties (Antonovka Antonovka ordinary and-kamenichka). In the collective farm named after Mikhail Kalinin, Bragin district, there is a tree that bears fruit for 9 years in a row (the gardener told Vladimir Vasilenko). It is necessary to organize the maximum reproduction of the best clones Antonovka.
It is useful to form the Belarusian Agricultural Academy (Gorki) scientific institution breeding fruit crops (especially clonal), which is charged with controlling the breeding of clones and varieties of folk selection.