The Ryazan region is still uncommon apiary where 60-80 families served by the beekeeper with the assistant. Therefore, before our beekeepers issue of increasing labor productivity is particularly acute.
At the suggestion of the Institute of beekeeping, we are at the beginning of last year, switched to team leader maintenance method apiaries. Link of three people — one beekeeper and two seasonal helpers — served 300 bee colonies, which stood at two stationary apiaries located from each other at a distance of three and a half kilometers. At one point placed 90, and the other — 210 bee families, half of them in the period of the main bribe exported to buckwheat.
In the spring of this year, 160 families have been transferred to the multihull hives. One apiary is now entirely composed of multihull hives rest of the family are in double-hulled and dvenadtsatiramochnyh hives with two shops.
Major works have bee mechanized and electrified. The economy has acquired a cargo motor scooter, which is controlled by one of my assistants. It is used for communication between the apiaries, to shuttle water conveying casings and frames for expansion slots, bringing up buildings with honey for pumping. To be more comfortable ride for the apiary, this year we have placed hives groups — three in each. The distance between the groups of 6 to 8 meters. Thus it reduces the time to transition from one hive to another, and the number of stops for unloading and loading shells and frames.
Many beekeepers have time-consuming build framework. For us, this work is not difficult, since we use the electric device to build. One person per working day can be waxed 800-1000 frames, whereas previously it required a few days. On the Hole Punch Unit improved by two movements of the hand in the box pierced holes 6-8. However, we do not have mechanized pulling wire, but we are engaged in this business in the winter. Spring can only tighten the wire and attach one end.
During the two seasons honey is pumped to the extractor coupled electrified and cell printed on electric vibronozhe.
The main work is done by us Pasechnaya alternately first on one apiary, then on the other. Processing wax raw materials, small repairs frames and hives, cooking sugar syrup we do on the central apiary. This saves time and does not disperse its forces. To move from one apiary to another spent only 15-20 minutes.
During swarming, each of us is at any particular apiary. Swarming is still the main obstacle to further increase the rate of loading. To avoid this undesirable phenomenon, we began to replace local cross-bred ewes, as hybrids of the first generation of Georgian gray mountain rocks with local bees are less roylivostyu and greater productivity. We want to have all been cross-bred bees. This year we have received from several queens Krasnopolyansky pchelopitomnika gray rock. They serve as a good breeding material. Protivoroevye methods is very convenient to apply to families in the multihull hives only to put the body with a honeycomb against the slots as the family lost swarm state. In the multihull hives bee colonies have built this season, more than 15 frames with honeycomb. We have in mind to bring sotoobespechennost each such family up to 50 frames.
In our 900 farm families. All beekeepers was brought up of the gross honey yield of 31.5 kilograms per family. The negative this summer bee colonies served our link, given by 35 kilograms gross honey. In general, the bee farm, the farm gross honey yield was about 30 kilograms per family Thus, if a nearby apiary in 125 families, which is serviced by a beekeeper with a seasonal assistant per average worker received 24 quintals gross honey, then we link — 51 hundredweight , i.e. more than h? m twice. For each employee we got apiary products worth eleven thousand rubles, while our neighbors picked it only four and a half thousand rubles.
For every hundredweight gross honey, we spent 5.6 man-days and first expend to 12 man-days. The cost price of one quintal of honey in 1963 we made 115 rubles at the plan of 140 rubles.
Our link on the economic calculation. Therefore, we try as much as possible to reduce the cost of the apiary.
Wages at the farm piecework-bonus. This encourages good job of beekeepers, makes us think about the increase in the rate of loading. We are confident that the service 300 families of bees for the link is not the limit.
Issues raised by the beekeeping sector of the economy are actively discussed by the participants of the conference.
VP Mikheev, head of the Moldavian Republican Office of beekeeping, drew attention to the fact that the apiary is usually link a diversified economy, and farm managers do not have time to engage in beekeeping, which adversely affects the state of the industry in the state and collective farms. This will not happen if you create Interkolkhoz beekeeping sector within the boundaries of each district. This experience is already available to the beekeepers of Georgia and it should be used.
The task of the specialized bee farms is not only to increase the marketability of apiaries, but also the organization of the correct pcheloopyleniya collective array of crops. Collective farms, gave their apiaries in specialized farms, can always use the bees to the pollination of crops, as apiary remain in their own territory. Transportation of apiaries for the purpose of pollination and honey collection will be carried out under the contract.
Apiaries shared experience of concentration as a senior livestock specialist on beekeeping Yeisk district of Krasnodar region, VR Titarenko. Combining the six state-farm apiaries, numbering 650 families in one large beekeeping farm has yielded good results. Apiaries these longtime unprofitable in the first year proved to be profitable: give 12 tons of marketable honey! Before unification apiaries they employed 19 people, after the merger — only 6; for winter cut two more workers. Apiaries serviced units. Load in this link are still small: an average of 200 families for three beekeepers. Assistants and guards there. This year, the Yeisk district delivered 200 hives multihull. Their test showed that the rate of load of the beekeeper can be increased threefold.
«In the Crimean region, as in other regions of Ukraine, issues of increasing productivity and reducing the cost of beekeeping products is paid a lot of attention,» — said the chief livestock specialist of the regional offices of beekeeping AI Galahin. He cited the example of farm «October» on beekeeping farm, which this year began the translation of multi-family on the content. State Farm plans in the next two years to increase the number of families on the farm to 300 and keep them only in the multihull hives
On large beekeeping farms apiary maintenance is conducted by Brigadier So, the farm named XXl Party Congress, Belogorsk district, where there are 700 families, as a result of the introduction of a new method of service beekeepers load rose to 100 families. This will free some people to other slave ~ you at the farm. In 1963, on a farm collective farm bee hive multihull come.
A great place in his speech comrade. Galahin paid on a cost-effective! opylencheskih apiaries and, considering this type of apiaries is very common in the European part of Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia. He spoke about the existing order in the Crimea deductions from crop to cover part of the apiaries. Collective and state farms of the Crimean region are allowed to refer to 50 percent of the costs opylencheskih apiaries on crop production. Apiaries quantifiable costs and compare them allows the translation of direct and indirect production apiaries in arbitrary units. Comparing the cost of conventional units with the amount of the cost of its production, it is possible to draw conclusions about the profitability of apiaries and outline ways of further reducing production costs.
An important role in raising productivity should play the mechanization and electrification of labor-intensive processes in beekeeping. This issue was dedicated to the performance of the senior scientific employee of the Institute of Beekeeping GF Bukhareva. He noted that only large apiary — to 300 500 or more families — can be consumers of mechanization. Small apiary mechanize impractical tal and they are now in many cases unprofitable. Among the means to facilitate the work of the beekeeper in the apiary, and make it more productive, the speaker called devices for elektronavaschivaniya framework specifying, however, that the future belongs to a reinforced honeycomb, various knives for printing cellular framework electrified extractor on a large number of frames, steam and electric extractors, Pasechnaya hand truck and cargo scooter lifts beehive.
On the creation of improved bee inventory and equipment, means of mechanization and electrification of labor-intensive processes of a group of engineers working in the Head Specialized Design Bureau Volga-Vyatka economic council. The conference was made by the design engineer of the Bureau V. Emelyanov. He said that they are working to develop the third year of beekeeping equipment. It created a lot of samples of equipment and machinery, which are in dire need of our beekeeping farm. But, unfortunately, the fault Rosselhoztehniki these good tools and machines are only on paper. On the way of their implementation are also companies producing beekeeping equipment. Our main plant — Taganrog must be equipped with modern equipment, or select other specialized plant. Tov. Yemelyanov joined the view of other speakers that the need to further study the international experience and the most appropriate and efficient machines used in our practice.
Speech VY Burtov, researcher Mayskonskogo stronghold of beekeeping, was dedicated to the production of royal jelly, which recently: successfully used in medicine.
Speaking about increasing productivity on apiaries, extending the ban have the wrong pieces of wax raw materials. He rightly pointed out that the wax obtained by artisanal, could not be better factory. Fuss with the processing of raw materials on an apiary beekeeper reduces productivity and adversely affects the quality of the wax.
Advanced beekeeper Primorye Agricultural Experiment Station PA Butovets shared his experience. Gross on his apiary honey harvest this year amounted to 147 kilograms per hive. Using queens assistants, Custom builds up to the main force in the family bribed 6-7 kilograms. Twice per season roam — on lime and honey plants in the autumn.
PA Butovets not agree with some beekeepers that bezvzyatochnye years in Primorsky Krai is useless to prepare families for honey collection. His experience suggests that the skillful building forces family to bribe marketable products can be obtained in any given year. For 10 years he performs annually and exceeds targets for the collection of honey and wax. Even in such unfavorable year, like last, when the lime did not allocate the nectar, it has received from each colony of 45 kilograms gross honey. «Beekeeping industry will be profitable in any economy, if properly conduct — said in conclusion, he — and the task of all those present here — to make every effort to raise it to the proper level.»
VV Vshivtsev beekeeper sanatorium № I, Osh region. Kirghiz SSR, told how, serving two people apiary in 140 families received from each of 62 kilograms gross honey. F barking on their own experience to ensure the benefits of the multiple effect of the hive to hive other designs, he has made several such populated hives and bees. They gathered more than any other honey family apiary. Now beekeeper will boldly implement the content of multi-bee colonies. To this moment, and he urged all participants.
A report on «Methods of beekeeping and productivity» was made a senior researcher at the Institute of beekeeping GD Bilash, which is analyzed in detail issues related to the increase in productivity in the apiaries. The report aroused great interest of the audience, will be printed in the next issue of the magazine.
Important reserve for increasing labor productivity and increase the profitability of our industry — specializing in the production of the southern bee package bees and queens, and the north and vostochnogo- their use in the rich bribe, present in these areas. On the experience of the organization of this important business at home and abroad said Head of the Department of beekeeping Timiryazev Agricultural Academy professor GA Ayatisyan. This experience suggests that a package deal with the right of his organization promises great benefits and the farms that produce bees and queens and those who buy them and use to honey. Test different types of packages in our country and in the United States and Canada, showing an undoubted advantage over other bessotovyh packages. G. Avetisyan stressed the major role of the hive multiple effect in increasing labor productivity, getting high honey yield, especially in the development of a batch of beekeeping.
LI Dimitrenko, head of Ukrainian office of beekeeping, said that the questions that obsedayutsya at the conference — the vital and they should be strongly engaged. However, he does not think that is the basis of multi-hive improve productivity and increase the marketability of apiaries. At the forefront were still put forward questions fodder. The audience was offered as a plastic feeder. Tov. Dimitrenko drew attention to the conference on the need for increased production of royal jelly and propolis, which should greatly improve the profitability of apiaries.
Quite differently featured presentations by a senior specialist of the Ministry of beekeeping production and procurement of agricultural products of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR Coy DK Series. He said bluntly that the brakes in improving productivity and reducing production costs is a bee hive of Dadant-Blatt and called everywhere to stop the production of these hives and hives shift all production to the manufacture of multi-country.
I. Evdokimenko, Senior Lecturer of the Chernihiv Pedagogical Institute, spoke about the different carriers and ulepodemnikah its construction, through which you can greatly facilitate the work of the beekeeper and make it more productive. The conference examined the mechanisms that are displayed at the Exhibition of Economic Achievements.
Senior methodologist of the pavilion «Beekeeping» AF Bykov reported that in the light of the November Plenum exhibition reconstructs its work on production-branch principle. After the reorganization of the pavilion «Beekeeping» entered into a joint pavilion «gardening», which, apart from him, includes pavilions of «gardening», «Floriculture and Greenery», «growing».
Since September, the pavilion was opened an exhibition on the theme «Improving productivity in the beekeeping farms and reducing the cost of honey.» The exhibition presents the experiences of scientific institutions and beekeepers innovators to reduce labor costs for apiaries, increased load, the use of multi-hive, using a simple mechanization, as well as all matters related to the increase in productivity of bee colonies (strong family migrations, sustainable food supply, and t. d.). She has visited many beekeepers and specialists from different areas of the Union.
Tov. Bykov thanked all those present for their active participation in the conference and wished them fruitful work
The conference participants adopted a resolution aimed at further growth of labor productivity on apiaries and reducing production costs.