1 ordinary farmer, have or household apiary.
Beekeeping is very profitable industry, as bees produce marketable honey and pollinate crops. But our true farmers say apiary farm income is not given, and if they give a little, it happens every five years. But you have to pay workdays beekeepers, watchmen, needed equipment, transport. These losses fall on the farm. This question very much excites me. For my own bees produce income, and collective farm — a loss.
We have a collective farm «Rodina» has four apiaries, about 200 families. They stand in the woods. From early spring is a good bribe a willow, and families developing well. In the spring, they are strong, and the honey harvested little.
My family in the spring weaker than collective, and they .produktivnost above. Over the last three years I have each family bring about 60 kilograms of honey. Everyone knows that in 1962 the summer was rainy and cold spring, but my bees still gave 35 kilos of honey per commodity wintered family apiary and increased by 30 percent.
If kolkhoz bee given the same amount, it would be very good. Actually, one apiary gave only five jars of honey, the second — six, the third — seven, and the fourth — do not handed over to the warehouse.
My lack of care for the bees, primitive. Bees in regular 12ramochnyh hives. Shop extensions are missing. And it’s not always time for bees to walk.
In our area there are all conditions for beekeeping. Collective farm families can collect 60-70 kg of honey and more. That’s when all the bees would rejoice.
Not better case in the neighboring farms. What prevents them from taking a good honey crop? Our beekeepers can not deny knowledge, but a great desire to work and achieve good success they swill not. In my opinion, our beekeepers did not like his work. Often they throw apiary for the whole day for the other cases. They work not in good conscience.
— Honey for sale there?
— There is.
— Then required.
Such dialogue can often be heard between buyers and sellers is, our stores.
Achinsk trade enterprises with taiga apiaries comes mainly kipreyny honey, which relates to the first-class honeys. However achintsy his marriage, and not without reason.
The purchaser buys the honey at a price 2.5 times higher than sugar, not for sweet tea, but because the honey has beneficial effects on the human body and has healing properties. But what positive qualities may have honey, which kisnet?
As is well known, tends to ferment honey with high water content, which becomes non-store bargain — so he comes from apiaries.
On apiaries taiga of Krasnoyarsk region in a favorable medosbornye se zone control hive gives 10-15 kilograms or more daily weight gain. To ensure that the bees free cells with the content of a 12-frame hives to one two stores, which are mostly equipped with our apiary, beekeepers have to pump out the honey in a day, or even every day. At the same time it is known that maturation of honey requires 5 to 10 days. However, some beekeepers are so frequent sampling of honey is not only upset, but on the contrary, consider it very desirable. For example, a mature honey pumping out water content to 20 percent, the beekeeper will receive 50 kilograms per hive. If you do not give honey to mature, and often it is pumped out, its water content is about 50 percent. Due to this water honey yield will rise to 65 kg per hive. During the summer, Achinsk market very often comes honey, which has the form of watery foamy mash. However, the sanitary supervision of the market does not pay attention to it.
In some beekeeping books recommended dozarivat immature (watery) honey artificially. But if from the newly harvested by bees nectar artificially remove all excess water, it is still honey in quality will sharply to give honey, ripened in the hive, because when ripe honey in hives from it not only removes excess moisture, but also changes its chemical composition. Therefore, the artificial ripening — no way out.
The task is not only to give beekeepers a lot of honey, but also high quality. This problem can be tackled successfully equipping apiary multihull hives.
Monuments tree hollow apiculture
0 suburb of Riga, in a pine forest, is the State Museum of peasant life in Latvia XVII-XIX centuries. Here, an area of about 75 hectares are numerous artifacts: peasant construction, production tools, household items.
In the orchard are old hives. Before the eyes of the distant past is resurrected Latvian beekeeping when the bees were still living in tree hollows.
Tablature on a hollow nests says that it is formed in a hollow tree, two-hundred and it is still in the nineties of the last century lived bee. In 1939, during a storm that tree broke wind. Part with a hollow barrel sawed off and transported to the museum. To protect from the rain barrel over it strengthened the wooden shield in the form of a mushroom.
Surrounding hives situation is so alive and natural, and it seems as if you are not in a museum, and the ancient apiary, and that done in the trunks of slots votvot fly bee.