Ha bee farm the farm "Yudinsky" 1500 bee colonies, which are located at the II apiaries (beehives at 125-200). 760 bee families contained in the hive-lounger for 18 frames with supers shop, 440 — in dvenadtsatiramochnyh to shop supers and 300 families in the in-multihull hives.
Honey harvest in our area is in early July when the linden blossoms. In large areas planted buckwheat, but after three years because of the bad weather the bees take off her little honey.
The main objective of beekeepers — to prepare the family to the top of linden blossom. Families need to be strong and in working condition. This is achieved using the following methods. The main attention is paid beekeepers early conclusion queens and early formation of cuttings. Advanced beekeepers State Farm AP Zinin, F. Borisov and others begin at the conclusion of queens as soon as the snow melts. In the apiary stands tribal group of 10-12 bee colonies have better economically useful traits. The IPT 3 4 family intended to bring the drones. since the fall of the center of the nest put two or three frames with drone comb cells and shrinking nest strictly on the strength of the bee colony. In the spring the first of zimovnika submitted tribal family, which further put the frame with drone cells, and the socket is greatly reduced and well insulated. The main food reserves are located behind the diaphragm. After working with his father’s families, families are trained educators. They lay 2-4 families at the same time at the end of April or in early May to increase the number of education adopted by the royal larvae, family-vospitetelnitsy medopergovoy feed mixture and sugar syrup. For benign queens used method of deriving the transfer of larvae. As the bowls used last year’s queen cells, which were taken from royal jelly. Development of the queens in these bowls are very good, they appear large and vysokoyaytsenoskie.
After three or four days after the administration of the first batch of larvae should be checked as they took in foster care.
In those families where made little larvae, they are selected and concentrated in one family, and instead selected give a new batch of larvae. Two days before the release of the queen of queens selected and entered into under-nursery.
At the same time it formed the first batch of cuttings from the most powerful families. In a prepared hive from dvenadtsatiramochny family carry two or three framework with mature brood and put two aft frame. With two or three frames main family shake off the bees and the queen to poi not hit the strokes, it is covered with a cap. In the evening, through the notches strains allowed the barren womb. The best time for the formation of early cuttings — with
May 15 to June 5. They have time to build up the uterus many bees to the main honey crop, and often these cuttings develop into full-fledged family. They maintained a high operating energy before they have time to rebuild the honey yield of 5-7 frames of comb-foundation.
Layers, formed at a later date, do not have time to build up strength for the main bribe. Uterine them vigorously lay their eggs during the honey yield than lower productivity.
Later cuttings beekeepers body by two in the beds, to the beginning of honey collection combine them by removing one of the queens. Bee colonies, which were taken from a frame with brood and bees in the early cuttings, grow well in honey harvest and do not come to swarm state. Shortly before the honey crop from these families sitting in the beds, do the latter slips for continuous diaphragm. The strains for 10 days prior to the bribe give the uterus has been selected from the main family. Thus, in the family since the beginning of the main honey crop will not be open brood. The mother liquors out there who lay bees break out. With the onset of honey yield solid partition is removed, and instead put the frame with honeycomb. The family is united and works great on honey yield. On top of the nest put the shopping extension. Honey is first pumped from the store extensions, and after 5-6 extreme frames nest. This stimulates increased pumping power during the flight of bees honey collection.
In the season 1963 AP Zinin 114 cuttings made from 110 families apiary and F Borisov — 85 of 110 total economy was formed 846 cuttings. Such a provision of bee colonies allowed culled on the farm 63 per cent less productive families.
Despite the extremely unfavorable conditions for the honey harvest this year zimovaloy from each colony was pumped to 18 kilograms of marketable honey, and all around the house — 247 quintals.
AP Zinin passed 4.7 tons of honey, F. Borisov 2.5 tons.
In winter, the bees leave from 25 to 30 kilograms of honey per family. Every year in the forest bees collect a significant amount of honeydew. In order to avoid adverse effects on bees during the winter, in the nests of families leave only 10-15 kilograms of honey. The rest of the honey is pumped. Missing feed stocks make up sugar. Beekeeper, feed families on
8-10 kilograms of sugar syrup, freed from work on the assembly slots for the winter, because the bees feed themselves positioned stocks. Bees are very good at such a stern winter: in the nests of pure, completely absent soured or crystallized honey, Podmore little. The development of families is vigorously spring. Experimental group families to spend the winter entirely on honey left in a worse state. More fodder consumed. In these families had more Podmore.
As already mentioned, this year we have organized at the farm multihull apiary, which manages A M. Ganin. The average gross medosbor her nebolshoy- 32 kilograms per hive. But the bees have built up to 11 frames per family honeycombs. A good supply of combs — the key to successful honey harvest in the next year.