Despite the great progress made in recent years in many hams Soviet Union and international competitions, most of our hams are still working on enough high level sports. This is evidenced by at least the fact that almost all the competitions held by the fight for first place in a truly deployed between multiple masters. They are, as a rule, always leave far behind all the other contestants. However, even the worst results of the last competition is much higher than the pre-war years, the best performance, but it is, of course, no one can calm down, let alone justify the serious shortcomings in improving skill Shortwave amateurs.
What is the cause of failure of some young sports Shortwave? I think most of them are badly imagine what ultimately determines the success of the air. Many, for example, tend to think most importantly, is the power of the transmitter, receiver and antenna quality, performance on the key. All this, of course, is important. However, to explain the success or failure in the work just that it would be quite wrong. In order to achieve high performance in the competition to have only a little different transmitter and receiver to be able to pass on the good way and make at the hearing. We know many examples when even experienced radio operators working in the well-equipped radio station yet achieved mediocre results. Consequently, most importantly, in the other. The main reason for the drawbacks of many hams, in my opinion, is primarily in the fact that their work is not due the ease, flexibility, fast enough response to the most diverse and sometimes difficult situations that arise during the competition, in other words, do not have those qualities which is called efficiency.
Bad and the fact that operators are often too superficial preparing for a competition, many people underestimate, at first glance, seemingly «little things» that make up the success of the work.
Many operators in the first days of work tend to transmit the text with great speed. And this is done without taking into account the passage of radio waves, experience correspondent and other specific conditions in which communication is carried out. As a result of increase in the rate not only speeds up communication, but rather hinders it. Especially harmful when high speeds are beginning to get involved in the newcomers, which at low speeds, something not yet mastered fidelity. Meanwhile, often it happens that two newcomers, each of which certainly takes no more than 70 characters per minute, are exchanged with a speed of 130-140 marks; Both almost do not understand each other, but nevertheless share the phrases «all received excellent.» False sense of shame does not allow any, or to ask another friend to reduce the rate (ASR). What are the benefits of such a «connection»?
Experience has shown that the increase in the rate of more than 120-130 characters per minute when working in competitions almost nothing, since the saving in time is obtained entirely insignificant. Transfer primarily to be as clear as possible. In this regard, it should be noted that any «pastiche» of transmission, all kinds of «writings» extremely harmful, should listen more broadcasts from the transmitter and try to imitate the «automaton» work, since it is conducted according to established relationships between the elements of the telegraph alphabet and is most legible.
People often ask: what key is more convenient to work? Currently particularly prevalent semiautomatic key. However, most operators are clearly working on it, with a strong discrepancy rates of dots and dashes.
Two-way switch is very popular among operators. It is very simple in design, easy to learn, the transmission rate it can be increased to 170-180 characters while maintaining high definition. The hand at work on such a key does not get tired. Incidentally, it is quite successfully operate almost all short wave Penza.
Certainly worthy of attention and an electronic key. It is increasingly beginning to be used by many radio amateurs and is probably the most perfect. It work great radio operators.
Speaking of expediting the work of hams, can not be silent about this deficiency: many operators, including experienced and learned a very bad habit — send each word in communication twice, even when receiving the volume valuation in the 8-9. This not only delays the connection, but also makes it boring. Almost always advantageous to reduce speed and pass word once. Repeating the same should be carried out only under the PCT receiving very poor or special request of the correspondent — ‘SCHSZ. «
It is known that the half-duplex operation greatly increases the efficiency of hams. Half available on many amateur radio stations. However, properly implementing its benefits very few. Even experienced short wave from the transmission during the conduct of communication give «BC,» and then transmitted in the usual way and your opponent’s call sign. Interviewer: Why then give the «BC»?
Having a well-regulated half-duplex, the operator must be particularly attentive to everything going on the air. Only under this condition, it may, for example, to hear noise on its frequency during the transfer and go to receive only after its expiration, hear a call pauses in between «all», and so on. D.
I would like to recall how extraordinary «sensitivity» on the air operator station UTS2KAB M. Kaplan. It was enough in the first break between his two «TSSCH» insert quickly «BC,» he immediately responded to a question mark, and then had an affair.
Each hams should always keep in mind that the correct choice of the air at the common challenge is very important. Having found a «quiet place», it does not need to immediately begin work in this place can act powerful radio station, leading to the currently receiving; it may happen that the radio station in that paragraph can not be heard, but others create your signals strong interference. In such cases, it is best not to spare a few minutes and listen carefully to broadcast on two frequencies -treh than several times to give «all» and remain unanswered This advice applies especially to operators of low-power radio stations.
Preparing for the competition — big and very serious work. It should begin well in advance, since a few days it is impossible to thoroughly and comprehensively prepared for sports activities. Once again I want to remind you that in this case there can be no little things. In my practice, for example, it was such a case: during one competition I ended ink pens, I forgot to fill in a timely manner; I had to quit work and start looking ink. As a result of such «trifles» I lost a lot of time and disrupt a well-established work pace.
Without going into all the issues of preparation of the material of the radio to the competition, I want to mention just a few highlights of this work. First of all, all the equipment should be placed so that the most appropriate setting bodies were directly to the operator. He has to get used to their location and, without looking, is automatically managed. On and off powerful cascades of the transmitter is best done with a foot pedal. Particular attention should be paid to the training of the operator’s station. It should be as convenient as working over 12, and especially 24 hours of tiring.
Participation in competitions must be preceded by a thorough study of the conditions sostyazaniya- is seemingly well known. However, there are cases when even the experienced master-short wave, not having understood in a particular section of the competition provisions, properly built entire tactics of their work and as a result suffered defeat. That’s why all unclear or doubtful any place conditions of competition need to be clarified in advance.
For the successful implementation of regulations on the establishment of bilateral relations with the republics and regions of the Soviet Union, in my view, it is useful in advance to produce on large sheets of paper lists of call. These tables are placed on the wall in front of the eyes of the operator, and as communication with some republics and regions they are made relevant notes. Such a method has helped me in the second round of the All-Union Competition in 1955 to establish links with the 105 regions of the USSR.
The last five or six days before the competition should be devoted to systematic training in the air, it allows the participant to find a picture of the passage of the short waves, to get acquainted with their future rivals, once again check the operation of all the equipment. Such training is well prepared for the operator wrestling.
Achievements of the best Soviet hams show that the pace of the competition counted now not only minutes, but sometimes seconds. This places extremely high demands on all radio amateurs operating in the air. High athletic performance can only be achieved stubborn, persistent work.