Future research and development of air transport

Based on current trends in the aviation industry, today identified three priority areas for scientific and technical activities CVTs «Technology» in terms of development and production of glassy materials. The first direction is the development of advanced organic-organic and organic-silicate (heterogeneous) ptitsestoykih, lightweight compositions for aircraft glazing.

The effectiveness of the functioning and performance characteristics of modern aircraft and helicopters are largely dependent on the applied glazing them, the technical level is in Russia today does not allow us to solve a number of existing problems: the impact of solar radiation on the crew and electromagnetic radiation; ghosting, hindering rapid and precise orientation with respect to the runway during the landing, especially in adverse weather conditions; low abrasion resistance and silver resistance (resistance of the glass to the emergence of microcracks under the influence of external factors), which significantly reduces its TBO.

In addition, as the glazing of organic and silicate glass does not meet the modern requirements on important parameters such as heat resistance (for high-speed aircraft), maintenance on radar invisibility. So far, not solve the problem of increasing resistance to bird helicopter glazing.

Accounting and perform a set of existing requirements results in the need to develop a promising new compositions lightweight aircraft glazing, which would combine the advantages and silicate, and organic glazing. Future research and development of air transport

Works CVTs «Technology» to create glass compositions can be divided into two areas:

gt; creating ptitsestoykih organo-silicate (heterogeneous) compositions with low weight characteristics, high abrasion, and special multi-functional coatings that provide protection of the crew from the effects of external factors;

gt; ptitsestoykogo creating lightweight organic-organic glass (triplex) with increased abrasion resistance for helicopters.

JSC «CVTs» Technology «together with JSC» Kamov «, FSUE» VIAM «FSUE and» GNIICHTEOS «are actively working in this direction. A prototype lightweight composition of organic-organic helicopter glazing successfully tested on bird resistance. According to test results is one of the compositions can be offered as the base to develop manufacturing technology glazing Ka-62. We have solved the problem of providing electrical heating of this type of glazing.

The second priority of scientific and industrial complex of «Glass» — the development of multifunctional and complex multi-layer optical coatings for aircraft glazing, the instrument optics, photonics, optical communication systems.

A team of developers CVTs «Technology» together with the specialists of «RAC» MiG «and JSC» Sukhoi «much has been done to create a fundamentally new type of aircraft glazing, with multifunctional nano-sized coatings protects the crew from the effects of external factors.

On the basis of theoretical and experimental research in the country for the first time developed a multifunctional coating composition for aviation glazing methane-based optical and silicon compounds. Such a coating reduces the electromagnetic radiation at 200-250 times, solar heat flux of 40%, an ultraviolet flux 2-3 times ghosting 1.5-2 times the light transmission window while maintaining at least 65%. Thus the abrasion resistance of the organic glass is increased by 5-6 times. It developed and implemented the application of industrial technology by magnetron sputtering of metal nano-sized optical and silicone coatings on complex-product aircraft glazing of organic glass.

Mastered serial production of glazing with the delivery of products to the aircraft factories of the country. Glass products obtained by the developed technology, used in the MiG 29KUB, including exported to India, airborne reconnaissance aircraft A-50, Su-35, Tu-160.

The importance and relevance of this work were highly appreciated by the government. In 2009, the team of authors received the award for her Government of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology.

In recent years, scientists have CVTs «Technology» are actively working on the creation of multi-layer (with more than 200 the number of layers) of optical coatings, the thickness of the individual layers from one to hundreds of nanometers. Abroad, there are a few companies owning the technology of producing such multilayer optical structures for femtosecond applications chipovannyh mirrors, lasers, multiplexers WDM, PON, GPON. Development of a new coating technologies to provide the first enterprise Obninsk in Russia to produce complex multi-layer interference structures at high speed is applied to a product, and stable optical parameters over a wide range of operating temperatures (the complete absence of time drift of the optical characteristics). The introduction of the unique technology in production will allow to create optical components, structural parts and instrument optics with properties that are not achievable with conventional optical technologies to produce material structures. For example, master production multiplexers WDM, several times the density of transmitting information over fiber, chipovannyh mirrors for applications in photonics and laser technology to create a more modern missile guidance systems on the target (KOLS), to improve the performance characteristics of night vision systems.

The third area of ​​work — the development of the classical glass for new types of aircraft and helicopters.

Given the positive experience CVTs «Technology» for the development and serial production of aircraft glazing for passenger and transport aircraft, the company involved in the cooperation project of the new military transport Il-76MD-90A.

In the short time experts had developed the technology products manufacturing glass cockpit for future aircraft. The planned dates successfully completed qualification testing of five types of products, which included the identification of 21 parameters for compliance with specifications and standard documentation. Among other parameters determined by the accuracy of geometrical dimensions, durability, climatic and optical characteristics of the product, the parameters of electric heating systems.

According to test results produced the necessary documents, and has decided to launch the product into production. It is worth noting that for the ease of delivery of products for the glazing of the new aircraft will be sets, ie in the form of ready-made design elements with docking ports.

Working with glass — the oldest activity CVTs «Technology». The high level of competence of the enterprise in this field not only to create materials with desired properties, but also makes it possible to solve an almost unlimited range of problems in the design and manufacture of components for aircraft. To a large extent, this is a combination of research and development with the operational implementation of the results into production.

The main activities of the holding company «PT Himkompozit», which includes CVTs «Technology», — research and innovation in the field of new materials and finished products from them, production of high-tech products for the aerospace, aviation, military equipment and weapons and other industries.

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