The first issue of «Preschool Education» (then the newspaper) was ready for publication on the eve of 2000. And the New Year holidays our little newborn edition has received a gift from the publishing house toy dragon — so much, puzatenky clearly satisfied with their lives and quite aggressive. His evil mythological ancestors were like two teeth in the open jaws. But his teeth were made of soft material and easily cleaned in the fall — if others want to see the dragon suddenly toothless. Little dragon lived in the editorial room, and then moved to one of the orphanages.

And on the eve of 2012, after the date of the December issue, we are again presented with a dragon. It is much inferior to the dimensions, the first — dragon, not a dragon. But it has been quite tangible teeth and the inside dragon was tightly packed with sweets. If desired, this could be seen playing characters: anything related to the wealth of inner content and refined ability to defend itself, which over the years has acquired «Pre-school education.»

But that’s not the point. The main thing is that our publication has existed in the world for 12 years — the full life cycle, according to the Eastern calendar. As in his time taught me to speak the Yakut and Buryat colleagues arrows «animal calendar» made a full circle.

This means that a «pre-school education» should happen something unusual. Something entirely new, to open a new twelve-year period. What could it be?

If we want to pre-school education developed in him at some point must come men. Not to displace women and to be next to them. The appearance of the men would have meant that this area of ​​life, «grew out of diapers.» What is she in the public opinion has ceased to be a «low occupancy», unworthy of attention to the strong and intelligent world. The man in the pre-school education — a sign that the education of young children is perceived as something serious, not in words, not on the level of declarations, but in fact, in reality.

And before the New Year, I made a wish: let «Preschool Education» will be a new editor in chief, and let this be a man.

And because I believe that the miraculous in life there is a place that my desire is sometimes performed.

Here’s how it seemingly impossible wish.

So the February issue of the magazine — the last number, made with my participation.

I present to readers the new editor in chief of «Preschool education» — teacher, inventor and essayist Dmitry Tyutterina. Yes, I forgot to say, the director of the kindergarten.

I am sure that the magazine in his hands make a new, unexpected and interesting twist.

And I decided to do so, as long dreamed of: a children’s book and a family reading. I think we have a new editor in chief and readers’ Pre-school education «will certainly come up with some interesting and exciting the general case.

Good luck in the New Year — the Year of the Dragon! Good luck in the new life turn!

Marina Aromshtam

We are an experiment

We came up with a system of certificates

And all equal prizes have lacked. Yes, and it was wrong — all are equally encouraged. It’s a competition!

Then we decided to introduce a funded system of certificates. The family, which participated in a particular contest, received a special certificate. Those who have earned at least five certificates by the end of their kindergarten child could count on the original gift from kindergarten. Help in buying such gifts we have provided sponsors.

funded system of certificates for taking part in competitions and other events group or kindergarten operates across the institution. Certificates (even for active participation in group projects) are signed by the head of establishment or his deputy, and handed in a solemn atmosphere. Obtaining a certificate of each family is registered in a special table records, which prominently displayed in the kindergarten, and everyone can see the dynamics of accumulation of certificates.

it turned out that such a system is in itself a game incentive to participate in the various cases. And most importantly — parents understand that the prize depends on their activity and willingness to cooperate.

We came to this system experimentally. The experiment that we came up with themselves and are very proud of the results.

We generally believe that experiments in the pre-school education are necessary and should be organized on the initiative from below, as a result of the emergence of current educational problems. Then they will work on improving the efficiency of education and the educational process.

TN Shumakova, deputy head of methodical work, MA Shikenya, head of the kindergarten, «Snow White», Krasnoyarsk Krai Dudinka

My Home, My Family

We are looking for a common language with their parents

In a series of we, the teachers, can achieve significant results in bringing up children, if our efforts will not be supported by their parents.

• How do parents of its allies?

• How to find a common language with them?

• How to bring their cases to the kindergarten?

These questions are placed in an important theme: «Interaction with the parents.» We insist on the use of just such a combination. It reflects respect for our allies and possible setting to work together, rather than manipulation.

We teach parents — parents teach us!

— Tatyana, what unusual forms of communication with their parents are in your kindergarten?

— Since 2008, our kindergarten has become a resource center for the implementation of a joint pilot project of UNESCO and the Department of Education in Moscow, «Moscow Family — Competent Parents». with us running a lot of the network of gardens, each with its own line of development, «Small genius» and «We and Nature», «know many languages,» etc. We strive to help parents improve their teaching competence.

We show parents how to work with documents, which ask for help in hospitals and how to ensure that the governing structures of their requests appropriately treated. To our parents could get an answer to their question or solve problems in the family, we have organized counseling centers. Mini-library will help them to be savvy in matters of education. In addition, our parents are involved in the pedagogical councils and «round tables», where we are discussing the possibility of improving the quality of preschool education.

And our parents and teachers learn from each other.

— How does this happen?

— One of our teachers, for example, girls are very beautiful braids braids. Once someone’s mother, taking her daughter out of the garden, I surprised this art. and we decided to hold a master class. As for the parents, we try to fully integrate them into the life of a kindergarten. In the home we solve the problem of additional education, using their skills: someone’s mom teaches children English, someone shares other skills.

— So, you’re trying to organize a kindergarten interactive communication for all — children, parents and teachers?

— Yes of course. and I must say, this method has positive results. our parents as well as in other orchards in matinees involved. but their task is not simply to serve a holiday. they are the participants and organizers, and key performances. The most serious mom and dad happy to don the bunny suit, water, Santa Clauses and go on stage.

If a parent wants to participate in the mornings, we will teach him how to talk with children, how to submit himself during the performance. Of course, in the beginning of the project work was very hard. parents sometimes had to persuade, but when they saw how others act, they too wanted to try. Now, we always turn to participate in activities.

— On the website of your Kindergarten is very detailed and colorful Sadowsky presented various interesting events. Apparently, you are actively using new technologies and in information and entertainment purposes.

— It is an integral part of our work. Especially for parents we shoot commercials about the children and show them the inner workings of the garden. There, on the site they can find all the necessary documents on various issues. And we are launching an entertaining project for children entitled «Parents — anchors of news.» On the ground floor we hang the TV screen: the parents in the morning «meet» the children and tell them food, holidays, new programs. Mom and dad are these «news» from the construction site, from the aircraft of international airlines — their imagination is not limited.

If we are talking about our website, all areas of work with parents are presented in the movie «Constellation». Competent parents, staff and children — on these three summits we are holding. And in general, you know, never say «work with parents» — sounds correct «interaction». Be the parents allies, and all problems will be solved gradually.

Interview by Julia Shevelkin

Open a window to the past

«Today, I am. And yesterday was like this. Tomorrow I will also change — grow up, as adults «- these seemingly simple» theses «, develop preschool child form the basis of his ideas about time and even historical representations. After all, history — it is a certain sequence of events.

In other words, it is essential that children formed ideas about their LICHIOY history. Therefore it is useful to look to their photo albums with pictures of the past and to talk about «how they were little.» Another step in this direction — to try to explain what adults were once children. And not just mom and dad, and even grandparents. Even teachers.

The child is very difficult to imagine: for adult for him — «Perspective». but to do something for the development of such ideas can be. After the game through exciting form of productive activity.

Parents of our last year’s graduates, for example, came up with this. In preparation for the prom they did two newspapers: one dedicated to the «past» of children who are first-graders, the other — childhood educators.

Nothing really new in these papers is not humorous. Baby pictures teachers use newspapers more than a decade.

Io in their newspapers, our parents used a design technique that has enriched the familiar game. Baby pictures, and children and adults alike glued to the «window» disguised «stavenkoy.» And on the outside of the attached photos stavenki «today» of the child or adult. First, all the «shutters» in the newspapers were opened: the viewers to guess «who is who». «Blind» fixed in the special slots with a paper clip.

Then «constipation» were shot, and everyone had access to otgadka. This game captures the many who came to the festival. For some children, «otgadki» became a real discovery.

Elena Tsyrulnikova, head of pre-school department, Alla Bystrov, Methodist Preschool Branch, Center for «Our House», SWAD, Moscow

What spoke Photo

Situation writing

Somehow we have offered children a surprise for parents — to issue the wall newspaper «about what to tell the photo.»

We asked the parents to show their children a family album: let the children choose some photos and bring to the group.

And children to compile a small story about the man in the photo or event etched there. Children are happy to talk about my family and about his relationship with them. Stories of children we were recording, and then were read storytellers. Often, they listened to the lyrics, have made it more accurate: «You know, I have not told the whole story …» or «Can I have more to say then?».

Then, all the pictures were posted on a large sheet of paper, and under them — written-WIDE educators stories. Wall newspaper turned out beautiful and interesting.

Parents were pleasantly surprise, Lena. They read with interest the stories of children and thanks for a nice surprise.

By Zoe Desnenko materials, tutor children sada№ 8, Alekseyevka, Belgorod region

The whole family — in kverhnogamiyu!

We are very serious about the educational potential of children’s books and all the forces trying to promote the tradition of home reading in families of our students.

From time to time in our garden are child-parent meeting on the theme «The book I love.»

Some family announced the «lead» at the meeting. A child with his parents preparing a presentation of the book, which he has recently read. The presentation may take place in many different ways. Most often, the children draw a picture (or create an application) and talk about the book on it, a beloved characters.

Then, based on the book carried some kind of game.

In the second part of the meeting, all participants are invited to participate in the overall project.

One of the most memorable was a project of the poem Israeli poet Abraham Silesian «I Kverhnogamii in Tully.»

tail. On the sand, he swims and walks on the water.

butterflies there are barking, cats fly, fish chatter incessantly. People are born old, and then gradually younger. In the sky the stars shine, instead of raspberries. etc.

The poem is very funny. Our children and their parents liked it.

Along the way, children are invited to guess at someone like «rogilla, ramtvay and osbaka.»

And then we invited all the participants of the meeting together to create a «graphic» to the poem.

Seventh-grader Dana Marasinova ahead of the meeting drew a sketch-basis for illustration. We increased this sketch to become large enough and it could accommodate many different details. Each mini-group «child — parent» has received the appropriate item for hatching (we use shading as an exercise for the development of motor skills and the preparation of the hand to the letter). How to hatch figure, solved by the participants themselves, and they used a variety of types of hatching. When the piece was finished, it was necessary to find a line for it on the basis of the place and glue.

as a result we’ve got a very interesting world called «Kverhnogamiya.» Tully figurines, we also have prepared in advance. It is attached a special pin. resulting figure could turn around and to «stand down».

Kverhnogamiya so pleased with all the participants of the meeting book, her image still hangs in one of our offices.

Elena Lipman, Head of the Department of Education Center preschool number 1311, Moscow

Note from the Editor

If our readers will want to use in their work the idea of ​​Ellen Lipman, we recommend using a poem by Boris Zakhoder «Voobraziliya

For fun on the green

Gorizontskih Islands

According to scientists,

There are all on their heads!

This poem is also possible to sing, as his set to music Sergey Nikitin.

Funny poems-shifters can be found at Yunna Moritz and Tokmakova Irina and Mikhail Yasnova.

And the appearance of the word «HRE» we must Korney Chukovsky.

My lovely little cottage!

Creative work with children and parents have become a good tradition in our kindergarten. We turned to each family of our children with a proposal to make with your child home for future village, which will be the backdrop to one of Sadovsky holidays.

We could not even assume that it will cause such enthusiasm among parents and children.

and now began to appear in the group of houses. they were all very different, not similar to each other, the original. Our kids enthusiastically greeted the appearance of each new house, loved to look at the house, examined them, peering into the windows.

All the preparations for the holiday turned out to be penetrated by the experience of «House», which is associated with the idea of ​​the mother alone, security.

And the festival houses made by hands kids and their parents, have become part of the fairy story that the children lived.

Parents have shared with us his impressions on the joint works with children:

«It was very interesting to do a house. My husband and I have become like a child again … «

«By creating your house, we all come into contact with the tale. Especially liked the fact that the creative process has united our family … «

«We were very surprised and pleased that his son was put forward much more interesting ideas than we could expect. He participated in all stages of the house. «

«We liked the process of working on the house, and the result of our efforts. Daughter determines the size of the house, the number and size of windows, picking up the fabric for curtains, made fringe on them and guarded the house (the results of their labor) of younger sister. We have experienced the inspiration and joy of co-creation! «

After the holiday, children are happy to continue to play with the houses that have moved into the gaming room of the kindergarten.

Svetlana Kudryavtsev, teacher, Olga Yurasova, head of department of pre-school, Education Center «sign», Moscow

The house I live in.

The family and the house is firmly linked. The house and its structure reflects the traditions and family life. Therefore, in the work we can safely connect these threads together.

I offered my children project "The house I live in"

The project included three kinds of jobs:

-according to the plan described house, painted the picture, or the layout of the house;

-paint your house;

-make up a story about his home, which will be recorded. For a description of the house on the plan children could choose any one favorite pictures: a picture of a multi-storey brick house with panel two-storey house, with rustic wooden house type and others.

The boys looked at pictures with interest, comparing material from which built the house, pay attention to the parts that make up the house, learned to count the floors.

Then the children received homework — with their parents make and write the story of his own house, where they live, and at the same time learn your home address.

The stories illustrate the anticipated figures.

All the stories and drawings have been exhibited in the reception area. Parents with interest considered children’s works, and the kids were ready to talk about everything within my house: if only to ask!

As a result, they are very well remember his home address, we learned interesting by using adjectives and numerals describe your home.

According to the materials of Oksana Nigmatulin, a speech therapist, teacher of the kindergarten № 18 «SPRING», Minusinsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

This is our house, a big house — and with a cellar and with a pipe.

Arithmetic in the game

This game can be offered for children three years and older. In it, we will make plans and to consider «floors» of the house. Difficulty of the game is defined by the number of floors, as well as the fact whether the child sees the image of a house, or a house need to submit «in the mind.»

In other words, for kids we draw the house on paper. On the walk or in a casual setting the house can draw a stick on the ground with chalk on the pavement.

For lessons you can prepare a beautiful drawing of a house — with opening windows and images of tenants in them. Then it is possible to think not only floors, but also the residents.

It is also possible to build a house out of blocks.

Make a floor

The game can take part or a group of three people

For a description of the house on the plan children could choose any one favorite pictures: a picture of a multi-storey brick house with panel two-storey house, with rustic wooden house type and others.

The boys looked at pictures with interest, comparing material from which built the house, pay attention to the parts that make up the house, learned to count the floors.

Then the children received homework — with their parents make and write the story of his own home, where they are playing. It is playing an adult or «experienced» a child.

First you need to agree how many stories in this imaginary house. Suppose, for example, it will be a 10-storey building. Someone who rolled the die, thinks of a room floor and tells his master’s ear. Then the other children ask questions. At question is a feature. If the first question is named floor, the more we can not just guess. We must build issues, starting from the said floor.

— This is the fifth floor?

— No.

— It is above the fifth floor?

— Yes.

— It is up one floor?

— No.

— On two floors?

— No.

— On three floors?

— Yes.

— This is the eighth floor?

— Right.

live and learn at the same time your home address.

The stories illustrate the anticipated figures.

All the stories and drawings were presented as show n in the waiting room. Parents with interest considered children’s works, and the kids were ready to talk about everything within my house: if only to ask!

As a result, they are very well remember his home address, we learned interesting by using adjectives and numerals describe your home.

According to the materials of Oksana Nigmatulin, a speech therapist, teacher of the kindergarten № 18 «SPRING», Minusinsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

If the floor Guess again considered and cast lots for you-irayut one who conjecture to the new floor.

We skip the stairs

Lead (adult) says: «Peter (one of the children) lives on the sixth floor. And Ira (another child of the players) — on the ground. Peter decided to go on a visit to Ira, jumping over the step. Who will be able to spend Petya Ira? «.

Select a child who will be the «conductor». The handler must be considered six to one in two, six, four, two …

What’s next? Peter ran to Ira? No. The last step he would have done differently: not to step over the step. Otherwise, he will not get to Ira to visit and get to the basement.

In this game the children four to five years is better to play with the support picture.

Go up and down with the floors can be through one, two or even three steps.

Eugene Katz, Marina Aromshtam

Infant

In kindergarten

Behavior, mediated speech, psychologists believe the first step in the development of arbitrariness. This is very significant in the early line of the Child, which requires relevant work educator.

In this issue we will talk about how the teacher can help your child to develop speech and arbitrary (self-directed) behavior.

How to help a young child talk

It — it is not only words spoken aloud. This is primarily the human consciousness, which exists on the basis of language.

Each new word must be understood child should carry a certain value and based on the specific situation.

«Unity of word and deed» in the baby’s life

One of the main tumors early age, of course, is talking about. It — it is not only words spoken aloud. This is primarily the human consciousness, which exists on the basis of language. The child masters speech in communicating with adults. But even the most primitive verbal communication already contains the synthesis and, therefore, is associated with the development of the consciousness and thinking of the child. Therefore, timely and correct language acquisition is of extreme importance for the overall development of the child.

In the early stages of development of the baby it is included in its practical and substantive action is inseparable from them. A child can only talk about what he sees and what makes the here and now. Therefore, the inclusion of words into concrete actions, and the unity of word and deed — a very important principle of the formation of active speech. Each new word must be understood child should carry a certain value and based on the specific situation. Create a recheporozhdayuschuyu situation is hard enough; This requires patience, ingenuity and a constant search for new games and practices, we are activating children. It is important that all of these techniques have not been detached from the vital interests of specific children, that it does not have special classes for the development of speech.

IMPROVEMENT OF PASSIVE VOICE

Another important line of speech development is to improve the so-called «passive voice», ie speech understanding adult. Overcoming situational connectedness and formation of the grammatical structure of speech — the most important line of development at an early age. The invaluable role played by this literature for children: short and simple children’s stories, poems, nursery rhymes and folk songs. However, adults should open the kids this stuff and make it understandable and attractive. To do this, expressive reading, which is accompanied by gestures, expressive intonations and perhaps performance toys. Moreover, each product must be repeated many times until the kids will remember it by heart. Usually, little kids are very happy when they hear the familiar words and repeat them with delight. Passive and active at the same time it developed in unity.

REGULATORY function of speech at an early age

At an early age there is another important function of speech — regulatory. There is the ability to control their behavior using words. If up to two years of a child are determined mainly by the perceived situation in the second half of the young children there is the possibility to adjust the behavior of the child through speech, t. E. Adult voice instructions. Action under the instruction opens the possibility of developing self-regulation and self-control. Behavior, mediated speech signs, psychologists believe the first step in the development of arbitrariness. This is very significant in the early line of the Child, which requires relevant work educator.

Behavior, mediated speech signs, psychologists believe the first step in the development of arbitrariness.

Psycho-pedagogical conditions necessary for solving the problems of speech development children

So, in the speech development of a child standing in front of the teacher the following main tasks:

-development of active speech;

-development of passive voice (her understanding);

-introduction to children’s literature;

-development of the regulatory function of speech (voice instructions on how to perform the basics of arbitrary behavior);

-develop fine motor skills.

To meet these challenges, educators should create specific psychological and pedagogical conditions.

An important condition for the development of speech is a wealth of impressions received child. The more experience, the better the child’s reasons for speech communication with adults and with peers.

A prerequisite for the development of speech in children is to establish with each child emotional and «business» contacts. Kids are more willing to talk to adults who show them the benevolent attention, play with children. That’s what an adult child wants to say something, suggest any action, ask a question, that they said would like to emulate.

Teachers should create group cheerful, warm atmosphere, providing children a good mood. State of depression, fear, primarily inhibits speech initiative children.

These adults, addressed to children should be incorporated into all of their joint life activity: feeding, dressing, bathing, etc. The teacher should refer not only to a group of children, but also personally to each child.

To use the speech, the child should have confidence in the fact that adults listen to him and understand. Therefore, it is important that teachers responded to all requests of the child, encouraged and supported them.

Educational activities aimed at the development of children speech, assumes, on the one hand, the inclusion of adult speech to interact with the child in everyday life, the other — the organization of special games and activities.

Young children are very happy when they hear the familiar words and repeat them with delight. Passive and active at the same time it developed in unity.

Requirements for speech teacher in daily contact with the child

By speech tutor in daily communication with children must meet certain requirements. She must be:

-possible addressed to each child. This allows the baby to attract the attention of adult speech and a willingness to respond to it;

-emotive. The emotional content, expressed as a certain tone, a little child is often more understandable than the meaning of words;

-right, distinct, slow;

-the adult content of the speech is to be understood the child should apply for it so interesting. This ensures the involvement of a child in a voice contact with an adult;

-more complex than the child’s speech, the structure and form of phrases and words by volume.

In discussing the events of the day with the kids, adult prompts them to you-utterance, asking questions. Making daily procedures, the teacher commented on his actions, uses speech appropriate sayings, poems, singing songs. He accompanies speech all daily activities in the group: tableware before meals, feeding the fish in the aquarium, care of plants and so forth. By helping educators, watching his actions, children learn new words, learn to listen to it, to act on the instructions of the adult.

Essential to the development of a child’s speech a verbal communication of children with their peers. Therefore, the teacher encourages children to treat each other with questions, requests, suggestions.

Learn by playing

«Come to me, run to me»

Ask the children to sit on chairs in a semicircle around the table, on which sits a doll. Say hello to the kids on behalf of the dolls, then ask her to play. Right hand put the doll on the table, and left to entice her, saying: «Come to me!». When the doll «suit», hug and praise her. Then take the doll in his left hand and right-hand beckoned, and say, «Run to me!». But the doll is not running, and again goes. You stop it and say, «Listen to me carefully, I said — run!». Doll «runs» and you praise it. Toy switches back to the right hand and on the request of the «Run» performs the action correctly. Turning to his left hand, the doll is once again trying to run on the word «go», and an adult again stops her, saying: «Listen to me carefully, I said — go.» Doll properly executes.

After playing with a doll, tell the children, «This is like a doll plays well! Let’s you and me play well. Stand up here, and I walk away and I will call you. Just listen carefully to what I tell you. «

Then step back a bit and say, «Run to me!» When kids run, hug and praise them. If the kids go, stop and repeat the instructions in them, urging everyone to flee. Then depart to the other side and repeat the game. When the instructions to repeat myself.

«Stomped, clapped»

You can organize fun outdoor games, including the implementation of the various regulations.

For example, the teacher offers children: «Let’s play in the February 2012 bunnies. How jumping bunny? «- And shows him jumping, pressing bent at the elbows to the chest. Kids jumping, mimicking adult, and repeat after him «jumping-gallop.»

Then the adult says, «And now you bear cubs. Stamped his feet like bears. » «And now you’re a bird, wave your wings.» «And now — if we sleep, close your eyes.» «And now clap!» … «And now stamped» … «And now to jump …» «Lift the handle up!» Etc.

«Together we lift the handle»

This game involves the gradual complication instructions. At first the children are together with an adult, focusing on a predetermined pattern of movement to them, and then — on their own (adult only utters words). Repeating games educator encourages children to verbalize their own text, accompanying it with appropriate movements.

Together we lift the handle,

Hands down we drop,

Cams we squeezed,

Cam knock

Feet stomped — top-top,

Pens pat — clap clap.

«Children’s cinema»

Mentor accompanies the show filmstrips story, longer stopping at the picture, which is especially for children like. It is advisable to show the affects and Ras tales, which contain repetitions of the same words. Against the background of familiar words introduce new words («Gingerbread Man», «turnip», «The Mansion», «Speckled Hen», «Who said, "meow?"» and etc.). Such exercises help mastery of a child new words and consolidation already known to him the words.

«Who lives in the house?»

Construct a house out of blocks or boxes. Put in not the first bear, rabbit, bird toys, and tell the children: «Let’s see, who lives in the house?»

Remove the «roof» with the house and with the kids being removed and consider it a toy. «Look, goat, — says the teacher was surprised and adds:» ME-ME-ME! «That’s how she says. Now she went for a walk! «. Adult toy moves on the table, depicting the different actions and calling them goat: goat jumping, goat butting and so on.

«And who else lives there? — Adult looks into the house and takes out the next toy. — Who is it? «One of the children’s names. «That’s right, dog!» — Repeats the adult, etc.

Children usually surrounded adult toys removed themselves, show their presence conductive (educator) and, if the familiar toy, call them and tell how they «speak»: bark, meow, croak. Help them to establish the order that each child can be active.

Visiting kids puppet — "Bunny Zaznayka"

Goal:

-familiarization with the puppets.

Tasks:

-to participate actively in the theatrical play with puppets;

# Facilitate the inclusion in verbal interaction with the puppets;

# Learn together, to take part in a theatrical-game plot.

Materials and equipment:

# Puppets and puppet-bunny-wolf;

# Colorful small balls on the number of children;

# Basket balls.

Note: to control puppets are also children of the senior preschool age. Before the performance should be carried out preparatory work, solving puzzles with the children about the mouse, bunnies and Cockerel.

PRODROME

Children come into the group and sit on chairs that stand in a semicircle.

Before sitting on a chair sitting bunny doll. The teacher and the first puppeteer fit together to the doll and surprised looking at her.

Educator. Who is sitting on a chair and staring at us?

The teacher and the children. This is Bunny.

Imitation: «Bunny looks around.»

First puppeteer turns the doll’s head in different directions.

The teacher and the children. Hello Bunny!

Imitation: «Bunny gets up from a stool.»

The first raises the puppeteer doll with a stool and puts it on himself.

The teacher and the children. Why are you silent and say nothing?

The teacher looks at the doll.

Imitation: «Bunny important walks past the children.»

First puppeteer manipulating a doll passes children.

The teacher and the children. What’s wrong? Why are you so important?

Bunny. Because I’m the smartest, everyone is looking at me.

Children surprise shrug, imitating the teacher.

MAIN PART

Educator. Well, if so, Bunny, Guess try our puzzle!

Imitation: «Bunny sits on the chair.»

First puppeteer sits with a doll on a chair in front of children.

Educator. Who is sitting on the fence, «doodle!» Cries?

Bunny. I dont know.

The teacher and the children. This rooster is sitting on the fence and «doodle!» Shouts.

Educator. Who sits in a hole, and quietly peeps?

Bunny. I dont know.

The teacher and the children. It’s a mouse in a hole and sit quietly beeps.

Educator. And who is sitting in a kennel, barking and growling?

Bunny. I dont know.

The teacher and the children. This dog is sitting in a kennel, barking and growling.

Bunny. I can not solve the riddle.

Educator. Well what can I say? Ah yes, Bunny,

The teacher and the children to show indicative bunny fingers, gently tilting and raising hands.

The teacher and the children. Bunny-Zaznayka.

Bunny. Well, okay, but I was the cleverest,

All look at me.

Imitation: «Bunny important turns in different directions.»

First puppeteer rises from a stool and by controlling the doll, turns it in different directions.

Educator. If so, Bunny, with boys poigrayka. Try to collect all the balls and how clever you are, show.

The teacher pours out of the basket balls. Children balls dismantled.

Imitation: «Bunny tries to collect all the balls.»

The first puppeteer, manipulating a puppet, running from side to side, «trying to collect the balls.»

Bunny. I could not collect all the balls.

Educator. Well what can I say? Ah yes, Bunny,

The teacher and the children to show indicative bunny fingers, gently tilting and raising hands.

The teacher and the children. Bunny-Zaznayka.

Bunny. Well, okay, but I run faster than anyone, look, baby, me.

Imitation: «Bunny important turns in different directions.»

First puppeteer manipulating a doll, turning it in different directions.

Educator. If so, Bunny, rebyatok try to catch a minute.

Teacher beckons children to the bunny.

Imitation: «Bunny tries to catch up with the children.»

The first puppeteer, manipulating a puppet, running from side to side of the children.

Children run away from the bunny and sit on chairs.

Bunny. It did not happen in my rebyatok catch.

Educator. Well what can I say? Ah yes, Bunny,

The teacher and the children to show indicative bunny fingers, gently tilting and raising hands.

The teacher and the children. Bunny-Zaznayka.

Bunny. Well, let them, but I was the bravest, everyone is looking at me.

Imitation: «Bunny important turns in different directions.»

First puppeteer manipulating a doll, turning it in different directions.

Bunny. I’m not afraid of anyone or even … the wolf itself.

Suddenly there is a doll-wolf, which controls the second puppeteer.

Wolf. Who is not afraid of me here?

Bunny. I.

Imitation: «The wolf comes to the Hare.»

The second puppeteer controlling the Wolf goes to Bunny.

First puppeteer controlling the bunny back from Wolf.

Educator. It is necessary to save the bunny more — from his affliction, accident, rescue!

Bunny. Forgive me, I will not zaznaykoy me.

The teacher and the children. Wolf, you go your way and do not touch our Bunny!

The children, imitating the teacher, go to Wolf.

Imitation, «Wolf departs from the Bunny.»

The second puppeteer controlling the Wolf, moves back from the teacher with children.

Wolf. Well, if so, I go home.

All goodbye.

Educator. Wait a minute.

Imitation: «The wolf will stop.»

Educator. Bunny will not hurt?

Wolf. No.

The teacher and the children. Then stay — we will all dance!

FINAL PART

Children with puppets dance in a circle.

All. In dance we go, C Zaikov fun singing.

Bunny and children. La-la, la-la, With Zaikov fun singing.

Children walk in a circle with a doll in the other direction.

All. In dance we go with the wolves sing fun.

Wolf and children. La-la, la-la, with wolves fun singing.

The teacher and the children. Hare, Wolf, in a circle to stand up and start dancing.

Imitation: «Hare and Wolf out in a circle.»

Educator. Kids, baby and pat Wolf heartily.

Children clap their palms.

Imitation: «Rabbit and the Wolf take each other’s feet and dance.»

Wolf and Hare. Music, play louder

And dance all invited.

Children dance with Zaikov and Wolf.

Imitation: «Rabbit and the Wolf turns dancing with each child.»

Workshop

Inna Yaroslavtseva

How to make puppets

MATERIALS NEEDED:

• having a large soft toy with long legs or homemade stitched hare and a wolf;

• for homemade toy two long tape width 1-1.5 cm long and 45-50 cm wide elastic band width of 2-3 cm and a length of 35-40 cm, four small rubber bands 2-3 cm wide and 8-10 cm long.

Stage of manufacture

To the back of the head a large soft toy a short distance from each other are sewn two long ribbon or wide elastic, folded in half.

To the inner side of the lower legs on both sides sewn small gum.

The doll is controlled brainer. Adult ties around his neck and wears a ribbon on the neck of a large rubber band so that the doll is adjacent to his body upright. Then an adult puts on leg elastics sewn to the inside of the lower legs toys, and takes over the upper legs «puppet-beast.»

Puppets can display, turning in different directions, and walking up and down in different directions; tilt, sit down; represent different gesticulating puppet legs.

Infant in kindergarten

Psychological School

Prepare children for entry

TO A KINDERGARTEN

Many Russian kindergartens today there are adaptation groups for children, which in the near future to become full members of the children’s and adult community garden.

There adaptive group and in the center of Moscow in the early development of the education center «tehiya» № 1311. The kids come to school here, along with their mothers or other close adults.

The room is equipped with a group of Montessori materials, which, for the most part, and are involved in joint sessions. «Technology for the little ones, borrowed from the Montessori pedagogy, built around the use of objects, learning about ways to manipulate objects, — says Elena Lipman, deputy director of the Center for Early Development. — These technologies are understandable to parents and, more importantly, many exercises are easy to replicate at home — whether it’s spilling cereal, pouring some water or play with different kinds of inserts. As a result, the classroom adaptation group we decide not only the task of preparing children for the future Sadouskaya life, but this life is to prepare parents. Parents also get the experience of interaction with teachers, learn to make them a common cause and to speak the same language Teachers «.

Adaptation group is separated from the «recreation waiting» is not a blank wall, a wall with large glass windows. At some point vozni-

If a child is very much in class, and he just does not want to leave, you can extend the fun — play recreation waiting, this time — with my mother.

There is a rack with games similar to the game in the group. This kind of «exhibition» and help parents navigate the world of developmental benefits: these toys they can find for sale and for home use. But it will be a toy, they do not acquire the description on the label, and relying on his experience observing the actions of the baby.

Marina Alexander

Constructing WITH CHILDREN

In the last decade in kindergartens are addicted to the creation of various benefits (rugs, pillows, simulators) for the development of sensor technology.

But what is a «sensation» and why it is necessary to develop for many remains unclear.

This gap of our readers will be able to make up, having become acquainted with the materials of the block on the artistic design.

Galina Uradovskiy

Sensory development in artistic design

Sensory development of children — is targeted improvement of their sensations, perceptions that provide them with sensory perception of reality since birth.

Sensory standards — a conventional samples of each type of properties and relations of objects.

In the process of designing artistic compositions formed in children’s ability to accurately perceive the external properties of objects such as shape, color, size and spatial relationships. With this as a basis for the development of sensory perception serves the child’s development, and not the actual constructive activity of children. However, the result of kids practice depends on how accurately and completely child perceived external properties of objects which are reconstructed in the construction composition.

Sensory development of children — is targeted improvement of their sensations, perceptions that provide them with sensory perception of reality since birth.

Development of the perception of color, shape and size of objects as confirmed by the results of research A. Zaporozhets, LA Wenger, NN Poddyakova and other scientists — is a complex process that involves two major tasks for the development of children:

— Sensory standards,

— Actions with sensory standards for mastering techniques survey items.

Touch the upbringing of children should be directed at solving these two problems.

Sensory standards (a term introduced in the science of AV Zaporozhets) — a conventional samples of each type of properties and relations of objects.

So,

-form — a geometric shapes (circle, ball, square, cube, triangle prism, etc.);

-colors — seven colors of the spectrum, as well as white and black;

-magnitude — the parameters of the width (wide — narrow), length (long — short), height (high — low), the depth (deep — fine) in several gradations (from 2 to 7, for example, long, short, even shorter, short) .

Despite the fact that in nature there is an infinite variety of colors and forms, mankind has managed to organize them, to reduce to a few species. Any color can be determined by one of three options:

— One group of seven colors of the spectrum (for example, dark red)

— The result of a combination of two colors (such as yellow-green)

— An intermediate color between black and white (gray). Similarly, one can determine the shape of any object:

— To reduce it to a specific geometric shape (eg, oval object, rectangular)

— Designated as a combination of such shapes, arranged in a certain way in space.

And it’s not only in verbal notation. We see it as the properties of objects and the variety of combinations of familiar standards.

Assimilating sensory standards, the child begins to use them as a kind of sensual yardstick. As a result, it increases the accuracy and the arbitrariness of sensory-perceptual processes. This means that to ensure the assimilation of the children sensory standards — so build up their understanding of the main varieties of each property of the object.

Unless specifically develop the child, his perception of the debt remains superficial, fragmentary and does not create the necessary basis for the general intellectual development and mastery of different activities (painting, construction and others.). Meanwhile, classes on productive activities of children, starting from the third year of life, give the child the opportunity to use the knowledge of the external properties of objects familiar to them.

The material for the construction of artistic compositions and colored paper is different in shape, color, size geometric shapes.

To ensure the assimilation of the children sensory standards — so build up their understanding of the main varieties of each property of the object.

Constructing WITH CHILDREN

The parade of ships and aircraft

Stuff

Soft Designer, developed by the author.

some tasks

— clarify the representation of children on the national holiday — the Day of Defender of the Fatherland; the appointment of vessels (passenger) and ships (military);

— It tells you how to identify the ship on the environment (sea and air); a parade of naval and air forces;

— help children master the effect of substitution of the characteristic features of a seascape with paper strips and lumps;

— help children master the action of «objectification» — the ability to «see» in different color and size of lumps and scraps of crumpled paper waves of the sea, the clouds in the sky, the sun;

— exercise children in creating solid and loose clumps of crumpled paper, colored paper to tearing into strips and pieces of different sizes and configurations trim paper elements bonding composition to the surface of the background sheet;

— learning to work together, coordinating its actions with those of their peers in the process of creating a collective composition;

— expand the vocabulary of children: port, dock, passenger, cargo and military ships and aircraft (the destroyer, aircraft carrier, cruiser, submarine); naval parade.

Note: The construction takes place in two steps: first, create a seascape, then it is «turned on» military vehicles (ships and aircraft) and symbolic means holiday (check boxes on ships, colored trace of the plane in the air).

Children learn «dorisovyvat» picture parade additional details (waves, clouds, colored flags and flags on the ships, the color of the track planes in the sky, and others.).

Desk preliminary work

Reading poems of the Russian army, viewing pictures, listening to the songs of the war years, talks about the army. Clarifies the presentation of children on the appointment of passenger, cargo and warships; both form the base of the vessel can determine which is the ship? For some additional details can be distinguished warship from other vessels?

For information: at the bottom of warship long and narrow to quickly glide over the water. Barge (freight) has a wide bottom and blunt nose. The passenger steamer bottom of the ship average width.

Caregivers and children create a background for the future composition on sea theme: stick with large-format sheet of paper two shades of blue, conditionally depicting the sky and water.

Proceedings

Illustration with the image of military parades, military ships (sea and air).

Background composition — the foundation for the construction of a sea landscape.

Paper four colors: blue (three or four colors), white, yellow, brown with a small slit on one side.

Images of naval ships and aircraft (scaled largest cut their own children on a path).

Glue stick, wet and dry wipes.

The script tutor offers educational activities for children to talk about the holiday «Day of Defender of the Fatherland»:

— What holiday is celebrated in our country in February?

— Who are the defenders of the fatherland? (Military).

— What are the different branches of the military troops? (Border guards, tankers, sailors, pilots).

— How to celebrate in our country, military holidays, holidays of our defenders? (There are parades, fireworks.)

— What hits? who knows?

the teacher summarizes:

— Parade — a solemn parade of the armed forces of the country. here in these pictures shows a parade. (Ask specific questions on specific illustrations.)

— Here depicted hits Navy. Look for these ships. you know what they are called? (Carriers which have the flight deck for take-off and landing aircraft; cruisers — large ships, armed with rocket launchers, destroyers, torpedo boats, torpedo boats, and others.)

— See how the ships are on parade — one after another. They come in the wake column one after the other. In other words, the ship is the wave of the jet or the wake. This follows behind the ship going ahead.

— Any aircraft involved in the parade? (Fighters Bombard-dirovschiki et al.)

— Aircraft on parade fly in different ways: link — two aircraft; or squadron — from six, nine aircraft.

I suggest to you to construct a similar picture.

Mentor attract children’s attention to the background that children did in the previous lesson. Background is situated on an easel.

— What is it? (Sea and sky — background for future film about the sea.)

— Where is against this background that the sea? Where is heaven? (Children show.)

— It looks like the sea now? (No.)

— Why? What usually happens on the surface of the water? (Waves, ripples).

— It is necessary to make sure that our sea «came to life». how to make waves of paper? (Torn paper blue and blue colors into narrow strips and glue on a blue background.)

— What happens at the beach? (Stones, boulders).

— How can they be done? (Pulverize brown paper into a ball.)

— Will there be clouds in the sky? what kind? how to do? (Pulverize white napkins or break clumps into small pieces of paper, and to construct an image of these clouds.)

— You said correctly. Before we get started, let’s distribute, who will do what. Now get to work — to the manufacture of strips or lumps for the construction of the painting.

Those who perform a sufficient number of blanks can go to work in the background. Transfer to a tray or paper strips his lumps in the background picture. I’ll take a picture with easel and is located on the table to make you work on it.

the teacher guides the practical activity of the children at the end of the first phase of the work elaborates:

— Get us a military parade? What is missing on this picture? (Aircraft, ships.) Caregiver suggests placing images of ships and aircraft on the water and in the sky. First you have to place the pictures in the background and check the «building» of ships and aircraft. Only then can be glued.

Children reconsider the composition, agree what to call it. Children put it in a frame and determine where to hang it, to all parents and visitors group immediately saw it.

On the disc, you will find a set of illustrations depicting warships, planes and parades.

Learn by playing

The expedition to the North Pole

Scenario plan educational games for children of pre-school age

Game «travel» — one of the most effective ways to stay preschoolers informative material. In such «travel» can solve a variety of educational tasks — from specification and consolidate the knowledge to gain experience of interaction and cooperation and the development of some important practical skills.

Some problems:

• contribute to the ability to develop, to detail the content of the game;

• develop their imagination, the imagination of children;

• Promote the appearance of independence;

• educate the ability to comply with the rules and regulations of communication during the game.

Equipment: the layout of the icebreaker «Arktika», polar figures, animals, ice-breaker; map and compass.

Previous work: stories about the famous educator traveler R.Amundsene, Russian explorers G.Sedove, I.Papanine, viewing illustrations, making the layout of the icebreaker «Arktika».

Introduction to the game situation

Several Russian travelers are going to reach the North Pole, there to equip polar station, hoist the Russian flag.

Children allocate roles and action figures upcoming game: head of the expedition, drover dogs, explorers, scientists, radio operator, captain of the icebreaker.

Description Role

The head of the expedition: check preparations for the expedition, led by polar explorers while traveling.

The driver dogs chooses, to train, feed the dog, manages sleds.

Radio operator: holding a connection to the earth, according to weather information, sends a signal «SOS».

The captain of the icebreaker: paving the route map, receives a signal «SOS», to the rescue, led by loading the expedition aboard the ship.

Polar expedition measured the air temperature, the water in the ocean measured wind power turntable, put up tents, etc.

Situations episodes playing travel

Preparations for the expedition: Chief of polar expeditions and decide on what will go on a trip, plan a route map, prepare equipment.

Stops during the trip: rest, eating, feeding dogs.

Action: meeting a polar bear; worsening weather, snow storm.

Selection of the polar ice floes to camp, hoisting the flag of Russia, the equipment of the polar station, the work of polar explorers.

Emergency: the ice cracked, floe split.

Variants of the story:

— People and dogs crossed the wormwood, and continued his march;

— People are left on the ice, they are carried away into the ocean, they give a signal «SOS»;

— Approach icebreaker rescue polar explorers return home.

Marina Mokrinskiy, kindergarten number 188 «Joy», Saratov

Information technologies are designed to develop the child’s personality

By Irina Tuychiyev, head of the Moscow Center for Child Development 2558 number.

Information technology by itself — just a set of formulas and glands, and only their «filling» makes sense. Sitting at the monitor, the child may get into the corrupt environment, and can «build» a temple or to draw the face of his beloved mother. And in fact, and in another case a miracle machine becomes a powerful influence on the psyche, which, unfortunately, often separates you from reality. Having been in the game a thousand and one lives, the child feels strong and agile, but And in fact it can be a lot of flaws. For the computer does not lead to the virtual world, but, on the contrary, stimulated the real work, we come up with our program.

With information technology, fate brought me when I was still a student, she studied to create simple applets on your computer and passed to practice on the basis of the kindergarten. Even then I realized that using a computer in kindergarten can not simply measure the length of the segment. Using your computer must develop specific abilities of the child. The beginnings of our procedures were laid down in a series of computer programs «FIMA» (2002). Later, in 2006, we have developed a computer-methodical complex «Dreamers» («Dreamers. The talented designer,» «Dreamers in space», «Dreamers in the Russian Land,» etc.). What is its meaning?

and use it as a didactic guide. Information technology, in this case become a means to an end. For example, using the program «Dreamers in space,» we had a lesson on drawing with a computer, one child came up with the astronauts, the other created a space background. Then we all printed, collected from the scans volumetric figures and continued to play in the group space. The provider of the occupation did crafts with the children and conducted interviews, that is connected different types of activities into one.

Information technology benefit the educational process as a whole, not because in the pre-school has specialist in computer engineering, but because they are woven into a unified system solutions psychological and pedagogical problems. Children by nature are brilliant, but they are not always able to show their talent: they still have a weak grip, insufficiently developed speech. Computer programs help us pull out extraordinary opportunities for children and help them to open up.

Formation of the person of the child depends on who will be engaged. If done correctly, the pieces from different spheres of knowledge will develop it carefully. Not chaos, and mosaics.

Prepared by Julia Shevelkin

The central turn — demo picture Yana Horev

«Exhibition home PITO

You can call it otherwise. For example, «In vivo corner».

This pattern is used for examining, conversations with children and compiling stories.

The teacher says: «One day the teacher asked the boys to hold an exhibition pets. Children gathered in a clearing. Everyone had a story to tell and show. Let’s take a closer look at the picture.

— What do you think, what time of year staged an exhibition? Why did you decide so? (There are different versions: summer, late spring, early autumn. The main thing — to listen to the arguments of the children.)

— You know how pets are called different guys? Select any of the child, his name come up and tell me what animal lives at his home.

(Among the animals have drawn chinchilla groundhog — beasts, which recently part of the plant as pets and which can be seen in a pet shop.)

— How do animals behave in the picture? What is the mood of each of them? Why did you decide so?

— Do any of you have the same pets, like children in the picture? (Here you need to provide an opportunity to speak to as many children. Let the children name the nickname of his favorite and is expected to age, color, favorite food. Where an animal is asleep? How busy when awake (when I woke up)? It lives all the time in the cell, or sometimes produce?)

For homework, you can invite children to draw a series of pictures, «The day of my pet.» Not one figure, namely a few, in which the animal would be portrayed in various poses and states and for which it would be possible to make a coherent narrative. (For example, you can show the children the stories in pictures or V.Suteeva N.Radlova.)

First, you can post pictures on the exhibition «linear» — to all of them before the eyes of children. Then each child’s drawings can be collected in a separate book.

This kind of job is available and useful for children of pre-school age.

Splits child’s speech

Defenders of the Fatherland

Scenario activating communication for children of secondary school age

Tasks:

• Involve children in the overall time-to talk about topics of personal experience, as well as gaming and voice interaction with their peers;

• enrich and strengthen vocabulary of adjectives;

• be short texts teach-description;

• clarify and reinforce the correct pronunciation of the sound u, isolated, words and phrases;

• to raise the interest in writing, elementary understanding of linguistic reality.

Materials: pictures military occupations (pilot, sailor, border guard, tank); toy puppy; tooth brush, Hanging, massage; nutcracker, pastry tongs; box; cards with words KIT, turtles, APE, mouse ball.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The provider puts on a panel pictures of the military profession, and offers children see them and then ask them questions:

— What kind of Defenders of the Fatherland, you know? Who guards the sky? The sea? Borders? Who controls the tank? (If the children do not respond, the teacher speaks and asks the children to repeat.)

Next game organized with the ball in the circle. The teacher explains the rules of the game:

— I’m going to throw the ball and called adjectives. If the word can be characterized by a soldier, you have to throw a ball and say «yes» if you can not — «no.»

The teacher uses a word-of important, brave, kind, disciplined, fearless, strong, tough, resolute, intelligent, noble, brave, heart, honest, truthful, experienced, cautious, vociferous, cheerful, neat, smart, resourceful. With the waning interest of children to the game rules change.

The teacher explains to children the new rules:

— Now I’ll throw you the ball and you have to call the word characterizes the warrior. (The game continues as children. Words can be repeated. At the end of the game, children sit on their seats.)

The teacher appeals to children:

— Let’s split up into two teams and see who is best read chistogovorki!

«Arg-arg-arg, the protective cloak of a soldier.» (At first, the teacher says, loud and clear chistogovorki. Then the kids read it in unison, not-loud 3 times.)

Mentor appeals to children:

— Soldiers in the border guard service dogs to help. To visit us come puppy — a future service dog. It is something we brought in a box. Perhaps your jewelry. Let’s consider them. (Mysteriously teacher gets out of the box different subjects, offers children see them up close and to determine their function. In order to make the game more interesting, the teacher can spend it in a playful way.)

— Let’s play a game of «Uga-let by the description.» I’ll tell you about the subject, and you try to guess what it is called.

This item is plastic. He has a beard. It is necessary to brush your teeth. What I guessed? (Brush tool.)

This item is made of metal. He’s brilliant. It is used to put the cake on a plate. (Pastry tongs or a spatula.)

Suffice it to mention 2-3 pre-Meta, then you can change the rules of the game and have the children themselves to think and describe objects. If necessary, the teacher can help STI leading questions about the form, color and purpose of the object.

The teacher appeals to children:

— Listen to words yaschschik, schschetka, schschenok, schschiptsy. (The teacher utters the words, intonation emphasizing the sound of «u.») What is the sound you hear in these words? (S.) Let it pull.

The teacher puts on a panel card with the words KIT, turtles, APE, mouse.

— And now let’s show the puppy that we can not read, that word. (The teacher reads the words loud and clear, guiding hand from left to right. The children chorus repeat after him.) Who can read a word he? (I wish to read the words individually.)

To consolidate the teacher read the words offers the game «Guess the description»:

— Let’s see which one of you well remember the words we read. I will describe these animals, and you guess who it is.

This is the largest animal. This large as 30 elephants! He lives in the sea. He has the body, the tail. He breathes the air, feeds its young with milk. (Kit.)

Another mystery. This animal lives in water. And there are those who live in the desert. It has a shell. (Turtle.)

This animal lives in the jungle. He has a long prehensile tail and legs. He likes bananas. (Monkey.)

Those who guessed the word suitable to the board and found it among the cards. Then one reads the word individually. (That children are active, the teacher asks who else can the pro-read the word. To listen to two or three interested.)

If children will enjoy this game, the teacher can offer his own descriptions put forth a riddle. In that case, if the child is silent, the teacher asks him to say a word in your ear and tells the beginning of a phrase or helping matters. Listens to no more than four children.

In the afternoon, the teacher puts on a panel image with military occupations and treats them with the children. Be sure to again ask questions about the job title: Who guards the sky? The sea? Borders? Drive a tank?

If you have a machine or a group of military equipment, be sure the teacher tells the children of military parades and offers to play in them. On the basis of the information received about the military profession, children can start a casual game — to take the role of border guards, playing with binoculars or dog trainers, training dogs to search for missing people and to overcome obstacles. If necessary, the teacher he tells these stories and more talks about the military profession.

The teacher can put in a box with a group of objects whose names have u sound and invite them to think about the mysteries.

Children can choose subjects games, ie connected with the construction, transport. Ball games. The provider is included in the children’s games on their own initiative.

What we can do?

Tasks:

• Involve children in the overall time-speaking;

• clarify the representation of children on the activities of people of different professions;

• activate the verbs;

• learn to distinguish and correctly pronounce sounds and breakfast and allocate their voice;

• hear the sounds in isolation and in words;

• develop a voice note phonemic hearing children;

• enrich the vocabulary shaped words and expressions;

• Develop a basic understanding of linguistic reality;

• to raise the interest in writing;

• teach the correct form genitive plural nouns.

Content: baskets, elephant, fox, hare, a goat, a dog, a snake, a napkin; ball; dialer canvas; cards with the words elephant,

GO.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Mentor offers children listen to the story and read a passage from the story E.Permyaka «What hands are needed»:

— Peter and grandfather were great friends, and loved each other to ask different questions. Once asked my grandfather grandson:

«And what, Petya, people need hands?» Asks the tutor children:

— Do you think that Peter said? (Free expression of children.)

— What they can do hand labor? What do cook, janitor, chauffeur? What do you think about why labor hands say golden hands? (Listened to two or three interested.) The teacher appeals to children:

— Children make a lot of different things, but most of all love to play. And we play! (The teacher offers children stand.) Where are our hands? Here are our hands. (Children describe hands figure in space arbitrarily or chanting for a tutor.) None of our hands! (Kids hiding behind the handle.) Where are our ears? (Children touch the ears.) None of our ears! (Kids cover their ears with his hands.) That our ears. (Children open the handle. Then everything happens for the same model. The provider can come up with questions about the eyes, eyebrows, noses, cheeks, mouths, foreheads, chins, etc.)

After the game the teacher tells the children:

— And children playing with toys, words, sounds and guess riddles. Help me to guess the riddle:

The very reddish, roguish muzzle.

(Fox) Winter — white, summer — gray.

(Hare) are running on the track but Beard horns.

(Goat) Gladio — caress, tease — bites.

(Dog) lies rope Burrs cheat.

(Snake)

A lot of power in it,

Height was almost to the house. He has a huge nose,

As if his nose grew a thousand years.

(Elephant)

As the guessing riddles caregiver pulls toys and puts them on the table. The teacher appeals to children:

— Listen to words ssslon, lisssa, sssobaka. (The teacher utters the words, intonation highlighting the sound «s».) Said these words, I — together. What is the sound we have identified in these words?

(FROM.)

— Now listen to the words: zzzayats, kozzza, zzzmeya. (The teacher utters the words, intonation highlighting the sound «s»). Say these words, as I, but all together. What sound identified in these words? (C)

— Let’s pull sound. (Kids, repeating for a teacher, say a long sound of «s».) Now pull the sound s. (Same with the sound «s»).

Mentor appeals to children:

— I’ll be called at random sounds and breakfast. When you hear the sound s, clap your hands, and when you hear the sound of a — put a finger to his lips.

Mentor calls at random sounds: a, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, and with the sounds of the words: sssobaka, zzzayats, Liss-sa, zzzmeya, kozzza, ssslon.

The provider exposes the panels to the card with the word elephant and driving hand, the word from left to right, read it with your children clearly, slowly. Then — individually and in unison again.

Mentor offers children to come up with proposals with the word elephant. If children have difficulties, the teacher can ask them leading questions: Elephant ka-Coy? What I like the elephant? What is an elephant?

Then the teacher puts the card goes. Children read the phrase ELEPHANT go and perform the same task — to come up with humorous suggestions. The teacher also helps matters: the elephant goes where? What for?

Mentor offers children the game:

— Stand near the chairs and try to portray the elephant. What elephant ears? What trunk? Huge? Heavy? Show how an elephant trumpeting, wiggles his ears, drinking trunk, tail waving, nodding. Well, one elephant has turned most expressive?

The teacher appeals to children:

— About what or about whom you can say the word go? Now I’ll start to offer, and you finish them.

From spout is … (pairs). In the movie is … (cartoon). The TV is on. (film). Because the pipe is. (smoke). Because the clouds are. (rain). The street is. (human). It goes fluffy. (snow).

— Now you can call me any word, and I’m with him, I think in the proposal. (Mentor throws someone out of the ball and asks the children to say any word, and of those, comes up with this funny word sentence.)

In the afternoon, the children are free to move on a group of selected toys, games theme, partner at its discretion. Action games characters can be deployed in an imaginary situation, such as in a palace or a meeting with fairy tale characters. To move in a game situation, children start a dialogue with the words «as if», complementing each other’s cues.

The free access of children are board games. When meeting with new games some of the children can take on the role of leader and to remind other participants rules. Children can start a game with each other, or invite to participate educator. Thus they develop explanatory speech.

The provider puts on the table, markers and paper. Anyone can come up with the situation with the word «is» and draw a picture of it. Mentor considering pictures with the children and asked them to tell about what it depicts.

The provider puts on the table the album with pictures whose names have sounds, to, s, bond. Children view an album called Pictures and discuss the picture.

The word as a source of artistic creativity

Despite the fact that computer technology is increasingly being implemented in pre-school education in the leading role of arts education continues to play a mentor, teacher, artist, educator.

Imaginative and expressive language teacher; showing working methods, intriguing children’s attention; the skillful use of theatrical elements and «sincere dialogue» contribute to creating an emotional atmosphere that particular class, which creates fertile ground for the emergence of young artists from primary representations about its future work. This «live» atmosphere can not be created by the machine.

Changing the tone of voice, using the techniques of dramatization, teacher-actor skillfully «immerse» students in a situation to help them feel the key idea of ​​occupation. As rightly noted in this regard NP Sakulina, word spoken educator-mentor for kids is the «starting signal» and calling for the fine arts; word causes the fan associations, organizes emotions, helps to understand the nature and the subtle nuances of the phenomena.

In creating his artwork — subject-composite fabric of employment on the fine arts — educator akterrezhisser must take care not only about the content of the material fact imparted, but also about the shape of his presenting the nature, rhythm, dynamics, tone of his speech.

Every word has to be an organic element soluble fabric art teacher training. However, as rightly observes AV Bakushinskii, the teacher «is not a soloist in front of a silent audience, and the director, imperceptibly shaping common experiences and findings.» Simulating a particular teaching situation, you can use ready-made samples of literature: poems, stories, proverbs, riddles, etc., which will help to realize the maximum expressive purpose of the upcoming meeting with the art.

History of art pedagogy has accumulated considerable experience in the use of literature in the classroom the visual arts.

The end of XIX — the beginning of the twentieth century — a time when researchers from around the world, with a special predilection studied fine children’s creativity, identify effective forms of pedagogical supervision of teaching and educational process. In the practice of kindergartens throughout drawn a variety of forms and methods of work with children in the classroom for drawing, modeling, simulation, design, application, painting, etc.

The main target is the installation of such activities to the young artist acquired knowledge through emotion. Postulated the idea that knowledge is embodied emotion are the basis of belief, because «this knowledge not only known pupil, but also lived through them» (V. Alexeev). Not least in this context, take the problem of interaction between different kinds of art and, in particular, the impact of works of literature in the course of graphic activity.

The life of a preschool child is determined by natural rhythms. The education program states that a class, arranged by month, must be adapted to each given month and start from its basic theme. Figurative theme can be localized in a kind of poetic epigraph; for example, for children five to six years of emotional key lessons may be the following line:

Ripe rye — and waiting for their sickles,

And zolotushnik became even yellower

And the apple on the side of the alley

To bend under the weight of the fruit.

EG Jackson

Expressive reading poetic lines can become complication script of the upcoming meeting with the children.

Expressive reading poetic lines can become complication script of the upcoming meeting with the children. Supplement poetic texts music will contribute to «dive» children need an imaginary situation.

Thematic structure is determined, the four seasons: fall, winter, spring, summer; every month is endowed by certain emotional characteristics — way, integrating the beginning of the general case. Analysis of poetic epigraph can anticipate the emergence of intent to become the beginning of a dominant aesthetic ideas, promote the creation of a special creative atmosphere.

Poems like «emotional tuning forks», used in the classroom teachers of various types. For example, in one of autumn days when drawing paints a teacher read a poem by Christina Rossetti children:

Apples, lemons,

Pumpkins, oranges,

Plump cherries

Berries raspberries;

Peaches with blush

On the cheeks fluffy

The family fun

Mulberry berries;

Wildlife, forest

Shy cranberries;

Wonder pineapples,

Modest blueberries.

Delicious strawberry.

Apples forest,

The beauty of apricots,

As if painted;

Important watermelons

With thick bark

Ripen everything under the sun

Summer sometimes …

Reading poetry tutor accompanied the display of fruits and berries, and then asked for some fruit, think of its shape, color and draw their favorite fruit or vegetable on paper once gouache paints without first drawing pencil — but so that the viewer could guess, it is not just watermelon, and «important watermelon», strawberries — «delicious», and pineapple — «wonderful.»

Small-volume poem becomes an integral part of the visual arts classes, based on their analysis of the exemplary work is organized. For example, on the theme «Autumn» and in order to picture paintings of nature on the basis of complementary colors may be used such poetic sketches:

There because of the old frowning eating

Red viburnum bunches looked.

N. Nekrasov

…Hiding in the garden raspberry plum

Under the shade of sweet green leaf.

M. Lermontov

Verses «help» create unusual composition. To illustrate the lines of the poem Nekrasov, so you need to portray «red viburnum bunch» them to look «because of the old frowning ate.» Here the question arises: how to portray the «old spruce frowning,» and how it will differ from the young spruce? This lesson will be a problem situation to be solved, which means — it will get creative direction.

Well-known Russian pedagogue late XIX — early XX century VS Murzaev being a fine artist, often in their practice to apply the methods of artistic and pedagogical dramatization. For example, telling students about the beauty of a summer day, he was bright and imaginative form describing the nature of the picture, looking at it through the eyes of an artist, a painter, an artist-poet. He used the method of immersion in the alleged circumstances, in order to enrich the world of children’s performances, excite their creative potential. Images of literary works helped the teacher «direct» children’s attention, «travel» together with the artist, to travel through time and space, through the work prochuvstvovaniyu sense «to see» and to portray poetically beautiful corners of native wildlife. This method stirred up childhood memories of the process contributed to the emotional productive creativity and perception.

In order to sustain the interest of children to engage in, VS Murzaev introduced various entertaining form of communication. For example, conducting a conversation about animals, he drew and read riddles, rhymes and sayings:

«Who will tell me, children of whom they say in the song, I’ll tell you right now:

On the couch in the whole mouth

And humming and singing,

To wash …

It is a great sloth,

Daytime sleeping at times,

Compete.

But only is night comes,

He would go to war

In bloody.

And the underground people

Victory, break

He is in glory.

For cat — continues Murzaev — beg on stage mouse (teacher reading a poem and makes drawings on the board of mice at different locations):

The tail is long, do crumbs

We are afraid a very cats

All live under the floor

Yet to assume:

Bread, bacon, even cotton wool

Kids on the bed …

Come on, kids, draw an entire family of mice, «- concludes the story Murzaev.

The teacher in the classroom encourages the fine arts use a small amount of poetic sketches that do not take to much time, but enriched the learning process exciting forms.

VS Murzaev emphasized the intonation of speech teacher-tutor, rhythmic phrasing. So, the other sessions on the animal, it gives the description of another representative animals — a pig, trying to quickly say tongue twister, stresses the pronunciation of the sound «rr»:

P-pig snout tupor-rylaya,

Poldvor Mr. LAI district snout-snout.

Then he asked the young artists to sculpt the image is not just a «pig» and that «tupor-rylogo» animal.

Murzaev offers children plasticity of his own body, facial expressions, pantomime elements beat a particular way of animal, bird, insect, tree, or person. I make sure that that while drawing or sculpting children emphasized expressivity of his hero, revealing the graphics or other means a character, his intentions, drawing analogies between the game situation and image manner.

In the twentieth century, a program on art and art work from around the world throughout the reference input for the design and development of the foundations of the book printing art. Preschoolers get acquainted with unusual graphic techniques: etching labels (engraving on cardboard), scratchboard (scratching on plaster or wax), through the experience of practical actions master printing. Young draughtsmen have different elements of books: making illustrations, sketches of covers and title page, draw letters, screensavers, ending. If you have made a sketch of lottery technology (layout) of the book is made in «real book» and replicated.

It is interesting in this regard experience of French kindergartens (foci) and schools of the first decades of the twentieth century. At this time originate the tradition of the issue of children’s posters, flyers, posters to especially significant and everyday life for children community. Particularly popular acquire periodic releases children’s magazines; They are printed in the drawings, poems and children’s stories such as «Little Paris printers.»

In kindergartens today, in the presence of xerographic technology will not be difficult to set up production of magazines, created by the hands of children. Homemade books, toys, books and magazines, the accordion, the creation of preschoolers can be replicated, can be a welcome gift for family or friends.

Teacher AM Rybnikov in their work with children of special importance paid composing riddles: «Slagatel puzzles are interested in looking at the subject of his astonished eyes of the artist. And then every object suddenly becomes visible in a new light … «

Wishing to create an image selects a number of characteristic signs and talks about them allegorically, «aloof», leading from one to another, playing the contrasts, seeking to speak clearly and at the same time mysterious. Childish riddle about the tree, «summer dress, undress winter» — uses the device of antithesis (summer — winter dress — undress) and at the same time playing the seeming nonsense … Running metaphor of «cold drawing» is deployed in such a riddle:

No brush, no paint, no handle

Draws flowers

On the transparent canvas.

«Pick up a rhyme like very young children — writes AM Rybnikov. — Concord words gives them great pleasure. » Composing riddles to their drawing or illustration of the known puzzles can be an interesting form of work on the composition of both graphic and pictorial materials.

Here are some more interesting, in my opinion, from the collection of children’s riddles AM Rybnikova:

In winter, hide,

Spring appears

Summer fun,

In the autumn I go to bed.

(Injury)

Not a bird and flies.

(Airplane)

Do not cock and with a tuft,

Do not hook and clinging,

No turntable and turns.

(Playful boy)

The most ringing, I work in the studio,

I Kolocha that is urine: tu-tu-tu, ta-ta-ta.

(Hammer)

In the classroom the visual arts, many children enjoy reading their small poems or stories composed by the house. The group will be found young poet (or even one), which is his passion for writing will encourage others in the literary creation in the multi-faceted forms of its manifestation.

Expressive word as the basic professional means teacher, can do wonders: «immerse» children into the world of fairy-tale and the real world, to direct attention to the children, to arrange to install the perception of works of various kinds of art, to create a situation of «imaginary presence», to target the activities of young artists in the productive multifaceted creativity in its forms. And eventually contribute to the creation of expressive «good» children’s drawings.

«Verses for breakfast»

Children listen to poetry on their own

One of the most important projects for the staff of our kindergarten is the project «The child and the book: the cultural practice of reading fiction.» And one of the components of the project — children acquainted with the best samples of Russian poetry and their introduction to the poetic imagery.

As a rule, kindergartens are turning to poetic works in connection with any holiday date, and children learn verses to «speak» to the audience.

We wanted to experience in children appeared «disinterested» reading poems that they have read and learned poems, regardless of the calendar of significant dates of their choice and will. We called his poetic sub-project «Poems for breakfast.»

Among the books in the library of our kindergarten have an anthology of Russian poetry for children (compiler — Victor Lunin).

We showed the children collections of poetry anthologies. The children showed great interest in the illustrations, have expressed their assumptions about the content of the poem and asked him to read some poems. They wanted to know whether they are right in their assumptions. It turned out, it is not always possible to accurately guess about the content of the poem on the drawings.

Then, the teacher offered to children every day to read one poem before breakfast. Poems selected by someone of the children in turn. Needless reading takes a few minutes and does not involve any discussion, that is, really it was «selfless» — in order to have sounded poetic lines.

Soon such a reading has become a tradition.

Some children were his favorite poems. Moreover, it turned out that they know what the verses like their friends. For example, all the children in the group know that Leray like poems about cats, as her house has a pet cat, which she plays. In general, «cat theme» proved to be very popular. Some of the favorite children’s poems were «delicious milk» E. Naumova, «Moon Night» W. Nechunaeva, «about a cat» M. Davydov, «Cat Sonny» B. Berestova, «Black Cat» Orlov.

To the surprise of teachers found that children not only like poems with a dynamic plot (A. Barto «rope», K. Balmont «Children’s Song», Sasha Black «Like a cat ate the cream»), but also sad, gentle, lyrical. For example, Kate and Vika love it when the teacher reads a poem Aksakov «Lizochek» say that it is tender; and verses I. Severianin «cried the girl in the park» and «Autumn Leaves» is characterized as «a little bit sad and pitiful.» Such poems as «bad advice» Oster G. «Amanita» Potemkin, «Tips dentist» Stepanov, «Good Heart» M. Sadowski and «Sofa Divanich» S. Pogorelovskogo, like boys.

Kids love to hear and Nekrasov «Grandpa Mazai and Hares», «there are so many birds with one stone, and the grandfather surprised floats on the boat.»

There is a group of boy who always chooses to read short poems with pictures, which are painted forest, clouds, trees and the «general nature» (K. Balmont «Autumn», V. Berastau «Snowfall»).

It would seem that the appearance of the poetic word in the lives of children can not and should not lead to a quick and clear pedagogical results. Nevertheless, we noticed: some children were more likely to refer to the caregiver asking them to read poetry. They have a desire to get the poem home — with the help of parents to memorize it. One girl after reading the poem A. Usachev «Planet of cats» and said: «Copy me, please, this poem. I want to learn it by heart and tell my mother. «

As a result, our poetic project were drawn and the parents who, through the children’s interest in poetry, too, have discovered many new things.

Tatyana Aliyev, deputy director of the Research Institute of Preschool Education. AV Plows;

Irina Maksimenkova, Head; Galina Uvarova, senior tutor; Natalia Prokhorova, educator; Kindergarten number 2395 CJSC Moscow

Reading to children

STREKOZKA

How easy it was invented,

This strekozka:

The four transparent wings and bar.

And only the eyes — as foreign planet …

So complicated

Strekozka arranged this …

In ZOO I rarely go …

Poems for children from five years

Lyrics Dina Burachevsky J can be used in the project activities on topics related to animals, environmental holidays and leisure, as well as easy to read for pleasure.

ZOO

In the zoo, I rarely go,

I do not like that in a row

In close and iron cages

Animals poor sitting.

All, of course, the food is tasty,

The health of their trail,

Only for some reason sad

In some animals look.

Does anyone at the zoo

There is something to grieve:

That walrus probably hot,

Zebra cold again,

Kangaroo jump is necessary,

Elk — beating on the horns,

Antelope wants the herd

On the spacious meadows.

Ravenous wolf accustomed chase

During extraction every time — you have to hang around,

Teeth bared parade …

In the zoo, I rarely go,

I do not like that in a row

In the cramped and poor beasts iron cages sit!

If only it was possible to

Remove the locks on all doors,

I’d let go at will

All jaded beasts!

Weeper

That little crybaby

Sobs and shrieks,

To her little dachshund

Waves running.

Do not cry over a crybaby,

Do not pour bitter tears — After a small fee

She licked his nose!

All the crows gave the order:

Fly from the eaves at once,

Surround cat Matthew,

Peck at his tail hurt!

Only Matthew cunning cat:

Eye and nose of his sharp!

Curved in the defense,

He tore a feather crow,

Shabby tails seriously — scattered flock apart!

Very stupid idea — Matthew harm the cat.

Very stupid crows,

What obeyed Baron.

They missed the Baron,

The most stupid of the crows!

PRO Raven

I flew on both sides

Flock Hoodie.

They sat down on the ledge,

Tracking from the top down —

What a life at the bottom of this?

Look, eyes flashing.

Among them, one — Baron

The most important of crows

The largest, most important,

By Raven brave,

In the great crow,

Dark-eyed, temnoliky.

CAT

Today I am a cat

Passed track.

I remembered the signs:

No good all this …

Black, hairy

Goryushko bewhiskered!

I caress you,

Gently pulling back,

Pokormlyu sausages — Will Mount tender.

Comb diligently — will be a gentle hill.

If stroking a cat — can cope with sorrow

Woe — does not matter

If there is food!

Today I am a cat

Passed track.

I remembered the signs:

All this nonsense!

Educators BY NAME NATURE

In № 13/2011, we invited readers to go along with the children on a journey through the world of insects. Our guides in the mysterious land of nature and become Maria Ibragimova Svetlana Alexandrova, teachers of additional education Ecological and Biological Center «Krestovsky Island» St. Petersburg City Palace of creativity.

At this time we do not have to be transported thoughts even for a short distance. Insects, which will be discussed, live with us, in our own homes. Although this neighborhood most often happens to us unpleasant neighbors know better «face» — with all their habits and peculiarities.

We offer you a game that just lets you know more about the «home» of insects and other small animals.

animals — small, very small — who live right next to a man in his house. And not always these animals — our pets.

What is this animal, who knows? (Replies children).

The game is preceded by a conversation with the children, and the story of the teacher.

To play it more interesting, you can spread the story, and by the time the game: first, to tell the children about the little intruders, villagers in our homes, and to show them the pictures. And then, after a few days to organize the game.

Preliminary conversation with children

The teacher says:

— Let’s play the game, who can name more animals.

This game can be carried out in the form of a contest of teams when leading throwing the ball to the player of one team, the player of the other team. The ball is thrown at random, not one by one. Anyone who throw the ball to throw it back to the master, calling any animal. The names of the animals shall not be repeated. The winner is the team which retained the «last word».

— You know a lot of different animals. These animals live in different corners of the Earth.

And if you can call those animals that live in the neighborhood with a man in the city? (Replies children?) — Some of the «urban» animals can be seen in parks, squares and streets. And there are animals — small, very small — who live right next to a man in his house. And not always these animals — our pets.

What is this animal, who knows? (Replies children).

The story of the teacher

There are some animals that come to our house for yourself.

If you forget the bread in a breadbox or on a table, it will be some time down a little. On the surface it seems harmless, but in fact it is — small and very dangerous mushrooms. Bread with fluff there in any case impossible. On the smell of bread can crawl ants — they have an excellent sense of smell, the forgotten and the food on the table, they will try to eat as soon as possible or peretaskat in his house.

If you often forget to clean up the food — it can be got and cockroaches. It is larger and more cunning guests. Cockroaches eat leftovers and seemingly make our house cleaner, but still dangerous proximity to them: They — carriers of diseases.

Another of our guest — a beetle-grinder. His small larvae more than anything like a tree. The house where the wound beetle grinder, you need to save the furniture — paint and varnish, otherwise soon it will turn into junk — larvae grinder will pass through it.

A coat or wool overcoat can be got another little pest — mole. Her kids love the hair. Woolen hats, mittens and socks — all of these moles is also not averse to eat.

Sometimes our beloved and faithful little dog can turn into a «mount» the animal: bring a small walk rider. Bloch. Bloch settles in wool dog or cat bites and from time to time, why our furry friends begin to itch. It is better to get rid of her!

Another unwelcome neighbor — tick. Ticks settled on carpets or furniture, and although they eat what we do not need — pieces of dead skin — for some people, they can cause a disease called «allergy». To mites in the house was not, the carpet and the furniture must be kept clean.

The flowerpot is also full of life. On the ground crawling and jumping springtails white translucent. They do not harm the flower, but if there are too many, so the soil in the pot is too moist. All children know that the flowers need watering, otherwise they wither. But it turns out, you can overdo it with watering and the flower will die from excess moisture.

More on indoor plants can live aphids. Unlike springtails, aphids for the flower is very dangerous. It puts its proboscis into his stalk and, as a straw, sucking the juice out of it. A terrible glutton, this aphid. To get rid of aphids, you need to wash the leaves and stem of the flower with soap, but very carefully: the soap should not get on the ground. Therefore it is better to do it with adults.

Even at home you can sometimes find a spider. Many children are afraid of spiders and consider them to be terrible. But in fact, the spider — our friend. It can, for example, to catch mosquitoes, which stood in the corner and is going to prevent us from sleeping.

Occasionally our house fly butterfly. They are beautiful and harmless. To us, they fall for the winter — cold days to wait until the arrival of spring.

Who, where, why?

The game is to consolidate knowledge about insects and other small animals — home «neighbors» of man

For the game need: a soft toy, depicting a dog; carpet coats (or any woolen clothing); Dish with a slightly moldy bread (plenty of moldy bread is dangerous to health); indoor plant in a pot, as well as a set of images of insects, mites, spiders, microscopic fungi.

Before the game, the teacher hides all the cards with pictures of animals and fungi in the most appropriate place for them.

Bread with a little touch of mold is put on a plate on the table, bread hidden under an ant under a plate — a cockroach.

Bug-grinder located on any wooden surface, mole — on a coat, flea attached to a soft toy depicting a dog (that was hard to find — it is better for hanging ear), butterfly — in the window, the tick — the carpet, springtails — the soil in a flower pot, in a flower — aphids.

In any corner is a spider web, a mosquito — on a wall or in any secluded place.

Children are invited to look around and find all the uninvited guests. It should be called the animal in the picture, remember what it eats, how and why a person enters the house.

Workshop

Caterpillar foil

BLIND caterpillar under the force of the youngest child. This is a great topic to explore with foil as the material.

Before molding the children need to be reminded that the caterpillar does not exist by itself. She is born in order to become a butterfly. (This is best done by reading Eric Carle children book «The Very Hungry Caterpillar.»)

Although the caterpillar in nature — there are other season (winter, no caterpillars, we will not find on the street), the caterpillar foil — elegant, brilliant — could become a party to any holiday.

Materials: Food foil roll, harvesting caterpillar head.

Harvesting heads

From the roll of foil cut a piece of a length of about 25 cm and cut into two longitudinal stripes — broad and narrow. The narrow strip of width equal to one third of the wider strip.

Then, each of the strips folded along the four layers.

Sculpting with the children

Children receive pieces of foil from the roll — some more, some less. The task — to roll up a piece of the ball. It’s easy, but to do better than taking the time to feel the foil.

Many children like to roll the ball under prigovorku:

Twist, twirl,

Twist-twirl.

I want to get the ball!

So, really, it is better it turns out.

While the children rolled the balls on the table there is a strip of foil. To accurately calculate the location for all the balls, you can not first cut the foil from the roll. In the foil you need to put the balls in a row — not easy, but «growth», from smallest to largest. Between the ball must necessarily leave gaps with a width of a little finger.

When the work is done, you can ask the children: «What does that mean? What is it like? «- And to listen to what they say.

When all the versions heard should be made in advance to get his head to put «neck» on the part of the large ball, cut the foil from the roll and gently fold, rounding balls. This makes the teacher, children are watching.

Wide strip folded across and outline (lightly press with your fingers) the middle. Inward curved edges rounded them. A narrow strip through the middle of a wide throw.

The ends of the strip-connect and roll into a flagellum: the caterpillar will turn the neck. To generate a muzzle. It is advisable to stick shifty eyes. Eyes can also be made of beads, paint and cut out of cardboard.

When the teacher has finished winding and smoothing the caterpillar, let the children consider it, let everyone hold hands.

Now you can ask, «Who did it happen?» The answers may be different. Should wait for the right, which will continue to talk about the tracks.

In talking about the tracks we can discuss what they eat.

To make food for the caterpillars, children are rectangles of foil 10 x 20 cm. First of all they need to tear off the foil strip. The rest of the foil is invited to turn into a leaf (taking too much or bending edge to give the rectangle shape of a leaf of a tree). A strip — in a blade of grass, rolling it between your palms, to get the flagellum.

While children stockpile «food» for the tracks, you can ask a few more questions:

— Where does a caterpillar? And in winter, when there is grass and leaves?

— In one turns a caterpillar?

— Do caterpillars have enemies? Who is it?

The teacher must guide the conversation, ask n-leading questions, but avoid categorical statements, and not to give ready-made answers.

If there is time, have the children themselves well to come up and make something out of foil.

Yulia Lugovskaya, artist, teacher

The zoo in five minutes

Remark few hours, you can turn the music hall in the zoo. We’ve made it so. We divide the space in the room as non-natural habitats. For each range created a background of draperies corresponding color scheme, no stitching. To make the space interesting by chairs and cushions created different levels of height.

But the inhabitants of the «Zoo» passed a serious selection process we chose the toys, like these animals.

As a result, we have turned corner monkeys lake in Africa, lions Area, European forest area.

Very well animated gaming landscape potted flowers.

In one of the pots we placed the birds magnets. These birds are sold in souvenir shops and are inexpensive. We are stuck in the pots metal needles, which easily attach magnets. Needles are not visible from a distance, and it seems that the birds fly in the green.

Maya Pimenov, music director of the kindergarten number 14 in Tula

Create Zoo Maya Vsevolodovna help educators LS Otkidych and VV Rokotyanskaya.

MY Beast

We live in the North, in the city of Norilsk. Winter lasts nine months. And our children have little opportunity to commune with nature in the wild. They spend a lot of time in the room. But we have a winter garden — a favorite place to visit. There we keep animals, which children love. Many have pets. And someone living memories of the little creatures, which are seen in the summer, when went to visit the village with my grandparents.

We decided to organize in the group exhibition «My beast.» Let the children talk about their impressions of various animals with whom they had or have to communicate. It was necessary to bring photographs or drawings to make them sign

My work findings or prepare short stories.

The idea of ​​the exhibition captures all — both children and adults. Exhibition work together with all submissions. Near the exhibition were always «visitors» — could not break away from the scrutiny of photographs and drawings. And children enthusiastically talked about their pets, their characters, how to care for them. Animals of all participants were awarded in various categories.

Striped horse

Zebra can be made of wire and pieces of thin foam rubber. A rectangular piece of foam to the body. it bore holes for the wire used to make the legs, tail and neck.

The two front legs of a single piece of wire and two hind legs of the same along the length of a piece. These pieces will need to wrap a thick white thread and the white yarn to make the winding narrow black — stripes. Then the piece of wire for the front leg bent the arc and threaded into the holes made in the front, close to the bottom edge of the foam. The wire for the rear legs are threaded into the holes made by the rear. Then bend the wire is adjusted so that the future was a zebra.

Wire for neck threaded through the hole in the front of the center of the rectangle of foam rubber and fix the lower end (wound) to the «foot» arc. The tail is attached to the rear «foot» arch.

Eeyore upper end of the neck attached muzzle zebra, also cut from a thin piece of foam rubber. Muzzle signs markers or paints, as well as the body.

The main thing — do not forget about the strip!

From the Editor.

Homemade zebra can be used for mock poem Marshak «striped horse» and the tales R. Baumvol «Friend in the purse.»

Snail, snail, vysuni horns!

Snail can be shaped from a piece of clay or plasticine. This is the power of even the youngest children. Enough roll sausage and tighten its spiral.

With the help of the stack can be applied to a snail shell decorative pattern, and mark the eyes and mouth. In nature, no eye snail is not: it is a clam.

But fabulous snail certainly no eye can not do.

Expressive horns are obtained from ear sticks.

In the treasury psychologist and a speech therapist

Cabinet psychologist should be for children one of the most attractive places in the kindergarten. For there to play with them «one by one», there is each of them receives an unprecedented dose of personal attention, and there is every take for what it is.

To learn how to turn the room into a real psychologist «protected zone for children’s self», read in this block.

I’m in a small house!

Game and objects in the office of the psychologist

What you did not see in the office of a psychologist! And books, and mirrors, and diagnostic material. And our office even Cabinet in the usual meaning of the word is difficult to call. Serious psychological tools are hidden from view.

Rather, it’s a little cozy. And the main thing in it — a big house, in which, as the kids say, can «really living.»

The walls of the house of plywood. The roof is covered with linoleum, but if this is not known, it is possible to take over the linoleum tiles. On the roof of leaves «furnace» pipe. And inside the house does have a decorative stove — big enough, with stoma. The stove children often put «scary» animals — some of the dragon, for example. It’s a way of «taming of fear.»

At the house door that can be closed. Some kids feel comfortable in it with the door closed, preferring to communicate with the outside world through a rather large window. Above the door hangs a bell: if you want to look for a visit — call!

Inside the house everything is adapted to the very «real» life that kids say. There is a mattress, pillows, blanket. If you want to «sleep», nothing and no one bothers. And the light-spark can pay off really.

There are children who for some reason want to sit in the darkness and it happens.

Our kindergarten is visited by different children. There are kids who have serious problems with communication. House, oddly enough n o, n revs allows the fear of communication. This niche of peace, and a place for the story of the game, and the shell of security, inside which is much easier to enter into communion.

For example, you can bandy with soft balls through the window, share treats, fun cooked in the oven.

You can talk on the phone without seeing each other.

Because the house «telephones». It has a mobile phone — as well as other items, the «real». However, the old model, with a rotating disk. This CD brings modern children delight: it can twist! A «talking on the phone» — pre-red means of stimulating talk. Even the silent ones. Even those who are normally shy of words, speech or very shy in itself is not sure.

In other words, our house allows you to watch the kids (games there are excellent materials for diagnostic purposes), to establish contact with them and completely unnoticed, through different games to solve the most complex psychological and pedagogical problems.

That is what our house. Almost magical.

Daria Shutov, a psychologist Preschool office of the Centre «Our House», Moscow

What teach fingerling dragon.

Child conversations — often one of the biggest challenges faced by psychologists and speech therapists, and speech pathologists. After all, many children experience as a result of setbacks formed a real fear of speaking. And how to develop it, how to work on diction, on pronunciation if the child prefers to remain silent? And any calls, «Say!» Takes the pressure?

To talk silent types, I and my colleagues often resort to the help of «intermediaries» — finger dolls.

Olga Mirodzhanoshvili, one of our colleagues, this artist-mistress, came up with a completely improbable finger dolls. She linked to our work almost all the famous fairy tales. Even such complicated characters like Dragon.

Here we are with the child sit opposite each other. I begin to tell him a story: on my fingers — pupa. In the course of these tales do not just stir the pupa, they are still playing with the child. For example, hiding in the folds of his clothes, in the pocket, in the toes, under the collar. Then, after the fairy tales, these dolls have to look — take out. And, of course, pronounce, where someone hid who climbed from. So it is completely transparent to the woven spatial prepositions. And we find along the way in time.

And, you can do theater of shells from the «Kinder Surprise».

Well, and to engage in dialogue — to answer questions, something to talk together — many children is easier with finger dolls than defectology or speech therapist.

We never say, crocheted dolls work together with us.

Elena Tsyrulnikova, preschool Head office of the Centre «Our House», South-west

Shells

«Collection» shells enrich favorite children playing with water. Only they must be of different shapes and sizes (and of course safe for children).

One of the favorite games of our children — putting some shells in a bowl.

One would think: that this develops in this lesson? But how much action can independently make a baby!

Put the bowl in the sink.

Pour vodichku desired temperature (with an unobtrusive, almost invisible help of the teacher).

And then warm vodichku spread shells.

This can be done as an open and eyes closed, gently fingering the shells with his fingertips, choosing a favorite.

This, beloved, you can then try to find the touch in the water.

You can come up with names of seashells.

Words can describe their features and their feelings (this is quite a difficult task).

But experience shows that the shells and «water» games with them to help make contact and child psychologist. Apparently, they have something special, some mysterious energy Charged deep sea.

Colored bags

With colored bags can come up with a variety of modifications of the famous game «magic bag» — and feeling, and color matching, and to describe items (puzzles). However, for this you need to collect quite a rich collection of all kinds of small veshchichek.

Daria Shutov, a psychologist Preschool office of the Centre «Our House», SWAD, Moscow

Pins, bells, handkerchiefs, or game sessions with one subject

A series of remedial developmental activities, «one subject» is designed on the principle of combining gaming and exercise plot, subject, purpose (Romanov AA).

The essence of the classes is that the games and exercises are conducted using one-piece (or several of these objects). For example, an adult brings a small handkerchiefs on the number of children and builds his occupation as a game of exercises using just these handkerchiefs. Another lesson is to dice (the number of children), the next — with a sheet of colored paper, etc.

In these games you can play with children of different ages (complicating conditions in accordance with the opportunity to play for each age group). They are suitable for working with children with intellectual disabilities and to work with children with normal intelligence, and even a particularly gifted.

Children with intellectual disabilities can not ignore the particular subject, their imagination is a schematic, fragmentary, it is poor and unemotional. Therefore, handkerchief for them — it’s just a handkerchief particular, all the action takes place with that particular handkerchief: a handkerchief waving, when the wind blows on the handkerchief, hide it, etc. And children with intact intellect can be offered the job on the development of fantasy and imagination. There is already a handkerchief can act as a substitute object and portray pillow, mirror, cloth on the ground, etc.

Parents often complain that they did not have enough time with your child to school, they do not have at hand the necessary game material, they do not have the necessary experience.

In such cases it is useful to invite the parents to practice «one subject», where they will be able to play games with their children, to exchange experiences, to express their opinion about working together.

In the course of the advisory activity to parents explains the benefits of training, «one subject».

Firstly, such studies do not require expensive. A piece of cloth, a handkerchief, a clothespin, a sheet of paper, a sheet of newspaper, rope or string there in every home.

Secondly, these games do not require special psycho-pedagogical or defectological education.

Third, items needed for the games, take up very little space. They can take with you on any trips and hikes associated with boring waiting (for example, trips to the doctor).

Fourth, busy parents is not necessary to allocate a special time in the classroom with children. They can do this in parallel with other tasks.

Fifth, parents learn from everyday objects to make the game interesting stuff. And it contributes to the development of their own imagination and stimulates the creative solution of educational problems.

Examples of classes with one subject

Lesson «Playing with handkerchiefs»

Equipment: colored handkerchiefs in size 15×15 cm.

Age of children: preschool.

Number of children: even — that children can get into pairs; the optimal composition of the group — 6 to 10 people.

The game «Who can find — I will»

Adult children said that brought to practice magic handkerchief. And magic it because he can hide. Children close their eyes and adult hide a handkerchief, but so that it can be easily found, and says, «One, two, three — look for a handkerchief. Who will — I will. » Children explain that there is no need to run around, look in closets, open tables, handkerchief lies in a prominent place. Play 2-4.

Exercises with handkerchiefs

Adult says that he, too, the children prepared handkerchiefs, and now each one chooses himself. Children take on a handkerchief, a handkerchief each specific color, but among the handkerchiefs have paired. Adult offers children find a mate — a child with a handkerchief of the same color.

An adult with children checks whether all in pairs. Children referred to the names of his companions and the color of his handkerchiefs.

Next on the display of adult exercises are performed in pairs.

Lesson play with cords

Exercise is best done with music.

— Take your handkerchiefs like this (plucked capture).

— Our handkerchiefs that will hide, you will (must be hidden behind the back);

— Wave your handkerchiefs like this (left-right, up-down);

— Take over the two ends of handkerchiefs and hearth at them silently, strong, strong, very strong;

— Throw handkerchiefs up, watch them fall on the carpet;

— Green handkerchiefs waving, remaining hidden; Now the red wave, the other hidden (and so on);

— Put handkerchiefs on chairs, under chairs, hanging on chairs, set next to the chairs;

— And now we’ll do our handkerchiefs from one large multicolored handkerchief, handkerchiefs put next to each other on the table, we got a beautiful scarf.

Games with the little man of the handkerchief

(finger gymnastics)

Adult offers children sit down at one table and makes his handkerchief man.

Children depict men with their fingers: index and middle fingers — a leg of an imaginary man.

Peoples go (forward, reverse, fast, slow); stomp her foot; run; make a big pitch and small; kneel (bent fingers).

Then all the men go to the little man, handkerchief, run away from him, returning and dance together, having fun.

Finally, at the request of an adult child teaching them to do man of the handkerchief.

Lesson «We play with cords»

Equipment: colored cords.

Age of children: preschool.

Number of children in the group: even better, so that children can get into pairs, the optimal composition of the group — 6 to 10 people.

The game «Who can find — I will»

The game is played the same way as in the lesson with handkerchiefs, but instead of hiding colored handkerchief adult cord.

Play

«Listen carefully!»

Adult says that he, too, had brought the children colored cords.

Give each child cords, in the middle of the group puts a chair and said instruction: «You will walk in a group, where everyone wants and keep the cords in his hand. — Your task is to listen carefully, and on my signal — cotton — put your cords into a chair. «

Then the children join hands and walk around the chair. As soon as the alarm sounds (cotton), the children have to take on a cord from his chair. The game is repeated. Variant: the exercise is carried out n od music.

Exercise «Untie knots»

Adult gives children shoelaces and says: «In your laces tied knots. Try to untie them. «

Next offers adult children find a mate — a child with exactly the same cords. Children referred to the names of their peers in the pair, the color of their cords.

Games with laces

Adult offers children sit n Arami opposite each other and said: «These cords funny, they love to play.» Adult bow ties every child on the index finger on the top phalanx (if children under force, they can tie the laces on each other’s finger alone).

— Of the fingers we get the girl.

Then the children play in pairs.

— Your girl:

• greet one another (bend the finger, talking greeting);

• clap their hands (thumb and middle finger join);

• Cry (connect fingers to pinch, and sound-and-and facial expressions); sorry for each other;

• dance (the brush tip, the fingers are fixed in the «girls»), they have fun, do not cry.

— Now untie laces and put them on the carpet. Let’s jump over them, back and forth. Lined cords of «path» and we will go through it one after the other without stepping on the cord.

«Sun of the cords»

Adult children offers to take the cords and go to the table.

— Let’s make the cords of our good sun. I do from my cable circle the sun. And you do for each ray. Nice to get sun! Good! Let the sun warm ourselves around the handle, tell him thank you for the fact that it is warm, warms us.

Irina Buyankina, educational psychologist of the Center for Development of Children and Young People «Zhulebino», Moscow

LIFE STYLE Paul Cezanne

The world-famous artist, who worked in the style of post-impressionism, still-lifes painted in geometric forms and was convinced that everything in this world is made up of spheres, cones, cylinders and cubes. Do you think this is unrealistic? So think of those who have not tried to look at the world from a different perspective. I propose not only to watch but also to work in the style of Paul Cezanne. Perhaps the experience of a talented artist who would help to look at everyday things in a different way, and for someone to open a new page in the wonderful world of art.

To create an apple, we need

• tin (in the form of «close» to the shape of the apple);

• wire;

• crepe paper;

• gouache;

• PVA glue, glue stick;

• awl, scissors, brush.

Options Pope

To start process the edge of the tin mechanical key that allows not only to open a bank, but also get a neat, smooth edges.

Overturn jar upside down and with an awl at the center hole for the stem shall do.

As the stem will use a piece of aluminum or copper wire or carnations. Using pliers or wire cutters separate the necessary from the main part of the wire-gomotka. One end of the wire is twisted into a spiral and insert into the hole created inside the banks. Spiral tip wire fix inside banks using a piece of cardboard and glue PVA.

Functions child

Color three-dimensional shape will gouache paint red (yellow or green). In order to paint a good lie down on the metal surface after drying it does not get your hands dirty, it is necessary to add PVA glue.

Painted only the outer part of the bulk form.

While the paint dries, let us design and manufacture of a leaf stalk.

From colored paper folded in half cut out two pieces of the sheet. Glue them together glue stick, after inserting them between the wire-veined.

From leaf color (crepe) paper cut a strip. Its end fix glue on the stalk. The end of the stalk rot, creating volume. Wrap stalk strip of paper, simultaneously inserting and fixing a green leaf).

Apple is ready.

Interesting continued: convert apple box for mom

Cezanne’s apple is not necessarily serve only the subject of jewelry. From it you can make the original packaging or box.

Functions child

To do this on a piece of cardboard outline the shape of an apple. Cut out the circle.

On a sheet of cardboard cut a strip of paper (not exceeding the height of the apple), measure out from the long edge of 1 cm and create a part of the vertical incisions. Insert the strip into the banks to determine the volume. We fix the amount of the ring fingers first, and then glue.

The incisions on the outside of the bend. The ring fit inside the jar.

The circle on the edge smazhem PVA glue, put on the table, from top to impose a three-dimensional shape with protruding notches on the edges, press down and hold it a bit for better bonding. After some time, the side of the cardboard with scissors carefully cut off the bottom of a rounded shape.

Options Pope

Gently’ll get the resulting internal three-dimensional shape.

In the bottom of the blank in the middle with an awl to make holes.

At the toes a little wound filaments and the resulting motochek prodenem in the previously created hole. Inside motochek secure with clips and fix a piece of cardboard and glue PVA. From the outside a little cut off the hank and fan.

We get the original handle, with which it will be possible to open the box.

Functions child

Color created element in the color of the apple, and the original packaging (box) ready.

In the same way, you can look for other fruits, berries and vegetables. But this is a task for the independent development of fantasy and imagination.

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