The magazine is published since 1924 Godea
MAY September 1 May 6
Multiply the successes of Soviet RADIO
• May 7, Soviet people are celebrating the Day of Radio — * holiday Soviet socialist culture, iauki and technology.
The achievements of our Homeland — the result of the fact that the Communist Party in all its internal and external policies, in all its practical work is guided by the all-conquering teaching of Marxism-Leninism, firmly and consistently pursuing the policy of building communism in our country and the strengthening of the international socialist camp, holding high the banner of proletarian internationalism and friendship between peoples.
XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union has outlined an ambitious program of building communism in our country.
As the fighting program of action met the Soviet people the historic decisions of the Congress. The workers, engineers, technicians, farmers are taking on a new, higher obligation strive to please their homeland with new production victories.
With a sense of special responsibility today employs numerous workers of the Soviet army radio. They inspired a lot of attention, which the Communist Party and the Soviet government is constantly paid to the development of radio engineering and electronics in our country.
This year, employees of radio industry, radio broadcasting, radio, amateur radio operators — members of DOSAAF — celebrating the Day of radio greatest successes.
It took more than sixty years since the great Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov invented the world’s first radio, having made this the greatest scientific feat, the value of which can not be overestimated.
Opening Popov was the beginning of a new era in the history of world science and technology — the era of radio.
Radio technology has made unprecedented progress in our country after the Great October Socialist Revolution. The founder of our Party and state, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin tirelessly cared o’vsemernom development of radio, the creation of scientific electronic databases. He brilliantly foresaw a great future, which opens to humanity the invention of radio.
Tens of millions of people every day listening to the voice of true Soviet radio. In many cities of the country, in dozens of collective farms and workers’ settlements, MTS and state farm workers regularly watch television programs.
Today in our country radio is not only a powerful means of propaganda and culture, but also one of the bases for the creation of modern technology. Now, there is no sector of the economy, which would not have found the widest application in radio engineering and electronics, where they do not contribute to radical improvement of manufacturing processes and improve the work culture. The enterprises of the heavy industry, agriculture, energy, especially nuclear — widely introduced throughout the achievements of modern radio. Modern electronics in many ways helped to solve the most important problems of production and use of nuclear energy.
Further increases the value of Radio Engineering and Electronics at a time when our people, putting lives b Directive XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, are increasingly deploys struggle for technical progress in the country, raising the technical level of all sectors of the economy.
By doing this the wise instructions of Lenin, XX Congress of the CPSU outlined measures that provide a major new growth in productivity as the decisive subject to the increased production targets for further improving the welfare of the people. In the sixth five-year upswing in labor productivity will be mainly due to the growth of technical equipment of the national economy by implementing all its industry latest achievements of science and technology, wide use in industrial automation devices.
This imposes a special responsibility on the workers of radio and instrument-making industry. In the factories, transport and communication enterprises of our country are waiting for the workers, employees, engineers and technicians of the instrument-making and radio plants, employees of research institutes will significantly accelerate the pace of production of new wireless devices, radio equipment, create new means of automation based on the use of the latter achievements in physics, electronics and radio.
Broad prospects opens up our industry, science, culture, the creation of electronic computers.
There is no doubt that the Soviet scientists, engineers, workers in the sixth five-year plan will develop new, more sophisticated computers for solving complex mathematical problems and for industrial process control.
A huge concern for the welfare of the people, to satisfy its ever-growing material and cultural needs of welfare imbued with historical decisions of the XX Congress of the CPSU. That is why Directive Congress pay so much attention to the further development of broadcasting, television, radio service.
Desitki new television centers, high-power radio stations, thousands of kilometers of radio relay lines will be commissioned in the sixth five-year plan. Specific communication channels will enable the inhabitants of many cities in the country not only hear the voice of a native of Moscow, Io and receive television broadcasts from the capital of our country.
Successful completion of the sixth five-year plan .namechennoy radiostroitelstva program requires considerable work to improve radio industry. It is necessary to expand the production of equipment length radio relay lines with a large number of channels, equipment length stroyaschihsi telecentres and radio stations. Much needs to be increased release of televisions and radios.
However, the pace of work of some radio plants and research institutes of the Ministry of electronic industry of the USSR is still clearly lagging behind the requirements of today. In some cities, for example, have already begun to operate radio broadcasting news agency leading ultra-short waves, but until now still delayed mass production of receivers with VHF FM band, although their long-developed specimens.
The new samples receiving equipment hitherto s widely used semiconductor devices, small parts and new materials.
Eeyore June plenary session of the CPSU Central Committee noted that the Ministry of radio industry slowly introduces the technology of automated production of electric vacuum and semiconductor devices, small parts and new materials, It is time, finally, enterprises of the Ministry of radio industry to solve this important problem and fully meet the needs of the country in semiconductor devices and other advanced radio products, the lack of which seriously impedes further progress radio.
By 1960 — the last year of the sixth five-year plan — is complete radio service of our country. To do this in the next few years to install more than 18 million radio sets, perform an enormous amount of work on laying underground lines, the construction of collective sites. But the task is not just quantitative growth funds wired radio. It is necessary to significantly raise its technological level, especially the level of the rural radio service.
Research organizations Ministry of Communications of the USSR should significantly expand research and development in the field of radio service. Life demands that in a short time has developed a system of multi wire broadcasting, have created a device that will give an opportunity to significantly improve the quality of radio reception in the radio unit. It is necessary to develop a hardware remote control and feeding programs in rural broadcasting centers.
Should expedite the transfer of low-power radio nodes on the transistor.
Met with considerable success in this year’s Day of the Soviet radio and amateur radio operators. Many appliances and devices, by their hands, have been successfully used in industry, transport, medicine. Ham radio operators consider it their patriotic duty to contribute fully to technical progress of the national economy of our country.
Now, in many cities of the country are exhibitions of amateur radio work. They demonstrated a lot of interest of the original structures of radio devices which can be successfully used in production.
Unfortunately, past experience indicates that some of the exhibits, the jury recommended the exhibitions for use in the national economy and even approved agencies, have not yet been used, and the way of their implementation in a particular branch of production rise bureaucracy.
Committees and radio club DOSAAF obliged to draw the attention of non-governmental organizations to these important issues. They must make every effort to ensure that amateur radio designs have been used in factories, plants, mines.
Nowadays all industries is increasing flow of new, more sophisticated technology, created on the basis of the achievements of Radio Engineering and Electronics. It will take a year or two and production will be missed by the professional knowledge that ou have today. Help workers Ingosstrakh foundations radio — is not it a fascinating challenge to our activists ham radio? And it needs to expand the knowledge of radio propaganda to create the factories tysichi new radio school, to involve new groups of young people in the amateur movement.
Significantly greater participation in the amateur movement must take the Komsomol. Speaking at the XX Congress of the CPSU, secretary of the Komsomol tons. Shelepin put forward a proposal to organize a Komsomol radio clubs. DOSAAF committees and Komsomol should discuss this interesting offer and to find forms and methods of its implementation.
The close relationship of the Komsomol and dosaafovskih organizations, joint radiosorevnovany, exhibitions and other activities will contribute to the further development of amateur radio, the creation of a genuine mass movement of radio enthusiasts.
Noting Radio Day, employees of Soviet science, telecommunications, broadcasting, television, wired radio, army of many thousands of radio amateurs are committed to persistently and relentlessly fight aa technical progress in the country for the implementation of the grand program of communist construction, developed by the XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
For technical progress BROADCASTING AND TELEVISION
I. Psurtsev, Minister of Communications of the USSR the XX Congress of the Communist Party directives of the sixth five-year plan defines the development of the economy of our country in the coming years. In this regard, only great challenges confronting workers radio broadcasting and radio.
The Communist Party and the Soviet government paid much attention to the development of radio. During the years of Soviet power the radio has become in our country in the most perfect means of communication. It has become a powerful instrument of propaganda and education of the masses, raising their political and cultural level.
The capital of our Motherland — Moscow is the largest broadcasting center. With the help of powerful radio stations that were built in recent years, the voice of the great peace-loving Soviet country is now spreads across the globe, listen to him all over the world.
Interests communist construction require the further development of all sectors of the radio in order to make radio even more effective weapon in the struggle for the continuous progress of Soviet science, culture and production.
Directive XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on the sixth five-year plan set the increase in power radio stations for five years — 1956-1960 years — by about 90 percent and ensuring the widespread introduction of VHF broadcasting in the European part of the USSR. The number of television stations must be increased to at least 7B. Will begin implementation of color television. It provides for the establishment on cable and radio relay lines of special channels for the exchange of programs between television center. This problem will become possible as a result of the planned increase in growth ■ cable lines is about twice as compared with the fifth five-year plan, the introduction of coaxial cable and create a wide network of radio relay lines, which by 1960 should be administered not less than 10 thousand kilometers.
In the sixth five-year plan to be completed radio service of our country, provided all Soviet citizens to regularly listen to radio programs.
This is the main features of an ambitious program of work coming in the further development of Soviet radio and radio in the sixth five-year plan.
Implementation of this program will require a genuine mobilization of all creative forces, the widespread use of internal resources, the hard work of radio industry.
In the sixth five-year plan we need to ensure high quality and reliable reception of the first program of the central radioveshaniya throughout our
Countries that significantly extend the range of audibility second and third programs broadcast center, as well as programs to improve the audibility of republican and regional broadcasting.
In the European part of the Soviet Union, this problem will be solved by creating an extensive network of microwave radio stations whose management should be fully automated so that they could operate without the permanent staff. As is known, broadcast on ultra-short waves it provides high-quality sound reproduction. However, the signals VHF transmitters are usually made with a good audibility only within the optical visibility, t. E., On average within a radius of 50-70 km. Therefore, their use is economically feasible only in densely populated areas of the country.
Implementation of the planned scope of work shall lead to the end of the sixth five-year broadcast on ultra-short waves will be in the European part of the USSR the main type of radio service.
With regard to radio stations operating ua long and medium waves, the construction they will be carried out mainly in Siberia, Central Asia, the Far East district.
Along with the construction of new radio stations attention must be paid to the modernization of technical equipment and in particular the low-frequency equipment to modernize existing plants ua broadcasting. Only in this way can be completely solve the problem of widespread improvement in sound quality broadcasts.
Exceptionally large program of work to be in the sixth five-year plan for development of television broadcasting. In the five years to be built and put into operation at least 63 new television center in addition to the 12 existing ones. All the capitals of the Union republics, and many other large industrial cities will have their own television centers. In order to expand the area served by the television broadcasting around the television centers should be set up a network of low-power automatic relay stations.
It will undergo major reconstruction over the next years, the country’s largest Moscow television center. In fact, it will be built a new television center equipped with the latest technology and has a studio with the appropriate hardware for the two programs in black and white and color television programs. This will install a powerful new TV VHF radio and antenna tower up to 500 m. In the area of Sverdlov Square, Mayakovsky and the collective farm, the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition, at the stadium «Dynamo» and the new stadium in the Luzhniki Stadium will be built television transmitters points, which will enable high quality to broadcast directly from the streets, squares and stadiums as well as from the nearby district of theaters and concert halls ..
To ensure that scheduled for the sixth five-year program for the development of television in the Soviet Union, still need to scale up research and development work in this area. In particular, in order to avoid interference which may arise as a result of the creation of a widely ramified network of television centers need to accelerate development of Television range of more than 100 MHz in order to significantly increase the number of channels.
To ensure the high quality of outside broadcasts that are popular among the population, it is necessary to increase the sensitivity of television cameras, peredvizhek and achieve greater sustainability of their work.
It is necessary to develop and establish mass production of multi-channel TVs with picture tubes having a rectangular screen sizes increased, as well as TVs with projection screen. Television should be designed to receive VHF broadcasts.
As already mentioned, in the sixth five-year plan launched will be the introduction of color television. Given that the existing and under construction centers will transmit the television in black and white, you need to develop a color system, which could be combined with black and white TV. This means that conventional TV, designed for receiving black-and-white image must also accept the transmission of color TV, but only in black and white, and vice versa, television, designed to receive color programs must also take high-quality black-and-transmission white television.
Thus, in the field of television to workers in science and technology is a lot of complex issues, IBP resolution which they will work hard and persistently. The widespread development of television in our country will largely depend also on the plan of construction of cable and microwave Lipno, which should be organized exchange of television programs between Moscow, the capitals of the allied ‘republics and a number of other cities of our country, and in the future with some foreign countries’
Serious claims must be presented in this regard to the electronic industry workers, who still do not pay enough attention to such an important and advanced communications, how are radio-relay lines.
Directive XX Congress of the CPSU on the sixth five-year plan oblige the Ministry of electronic industry of the USSR to expand the production of equipment for radio relay and cable lines with lots of channels.
Industrial workers are obliged to make every effort to ensure the successful solution of this problem. .
By the end of the sixth five-year radio service of our country must be completed. To imagine the tremendous volume of forthcoming work in this regard, suffice it to say that in five years the number of broadcasting outlets will increase almost twice. It is necessary to establish a thousand of 18 500 radio outlets, of which more than 10 million, from the collective broadcasting centers. Therefore it is necessary to even greater urgency to work on devising methods for the most economical implementation of works on the development of wired radio. It should be even wider than hitherto, mechanized line operation rec building broadcasting networks, persistently introduce automation control equipment in rural broadcasting centers, transfer programs in high-frequency circuits for intra-communication.
Workers in industry presented trebovanie- accelerate the mass release of cheap radios on semiconductors with circuit boards. The widespread introduction of such receivers will be one of the most progressive ways of installation of radio.
In 1955, much work was done by the village radio service, the rate of which increases from quarter to quarter. But not everywhere the available opportunities in this regard have been properly used. Poor implementation of the Plan for the radio service of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic. Serious ostavanie in rural radio service there had been in the Georgian SSR. Inadequate rates in the country were working on the installation of radio in the early months CURRENT present year.
It is necessary as soon as possible to eliminate the gap, in every way using the locally available resources. Along with the further development of the radio installation should radically improve the rural radio service. It can not be considered normal that some connection management do not care about the smooth operation of collective broadcasting centers, do not have their daily skilled care. With this you can not continue to tolerate. Management and Communication Office should consider themselves responsible for the status of all radio nodes, including collective. They are required to «ensure their smooth, vysokokachestven 1 yuyu work.
1 program called the great work our advice * skyy people of Directive XX Congress of the CPSU. sixth, five-year plan. Program 1 .rabot great ‘they are. They are also in the further time-vi1ia :: radiotehliki.