Gardening Lithuanian SSR

Collective and state farms of the Lithuanian SSR have achieved significant results in the development of agriculture, including horticulture. Only in the postwar years, the area of ​​the gardens in all categories of farms increased by 22.9 thousand hectares. Now perennials republic occupy 38.9 thousand hectares.

There have been big changes in the distribution and Gardens areas. The most rapidly developing horticulture in Anyksciai, Kapsukas, Kėdainiai, Panevėžys areas in which the area of ​​perennial plants increased by almost two times.

In large areas of gardening: Kaunas, Prienai, Vilnius, Pasvalys, Anyksciai — public gardens, there are between 400 and 900 hectares each.

After the liberation of Soviet Lithuania from the German invaders arose the need for the reconstruction of old gardens and creation on their basis of a large industrial arrays. Already have gardens that come into fruiting, farms «Naradava» Pasvalys district «Atzhalinas» Kapsukas area, «Liberishkio» Panevezys district, from 37 to 73 acres each.

From year to year perennials in public plodopitomnicheskih farms and some farms: in plodopitomnik name Michurin, Yurbarskogo area — 400 hectares, Zhagarskom, Ionishskogo area — 200 hectares, in the Lenin collective farm, Vilnius district — 93 hectares, Lenin, Šakiai district — 123 ha, etc.

The Party and government have set the task of agricultural workers — seven-year plan for the years to significantly increase production of fruits and berries. For the Lithuanian SSR solution to this problem involves not only a sharp improvement in the crop care fruit plantings, but also the establishment of new orchards on large areas. In this context, great importance is the specialization of farms. This important issue of developing a research staff Vitenskoy horticultural experimental station of the Lithuanian Research Institute of Agriculture.

Advanced collective and state farms and other state farms have relatively good yields, and growing income from horticulture. By applying advanced agricultural techniques and the all-new, progressive collective Vitenskoy horticultural experimental station with compressed plantations (4X4 meters) for many years is growing by an average of apples varieties Antonovka ordinary 180 quintals per hectare, Papirovka-119 Pepinka Lithuania — 139, Autumn striped — 84 quintals the total area of ​​12 hectares.

Scientists station constantly assisting the Republic nurseries seedlings, cuttings, seeds of certain species of fruit crops; collective and state farms help to correctly lay the gardens, hold consultations and seminars on gardening for agronomists, foremen, gardeners.

Good results were achieved gardeners Lenin collective farm Šakiai district. This is a large diversified economy. His young orchards and berries occupy 123 hectares. Thanks to the good care of the farm plantings already gathers from 560 to 657 quintals of fruit per year. Get a good harvest, and other services.

However, in most of the collective and state farms in many due to lack of care for the gardens and berry yield their lowest.

To ensure the needs of the population of the Lithuanian SSR in fruits and berries on a scientifically sound norms, it is necessary to drastically improve the care of existing plantations and build new gardens and berry fields primarily in the state and collective farms. In the coming years the republic growers must produce at least 300 thousand tons of fruits and berries.

For the production of such a large number of products is necessary to make more than the gardens of organic and mineral fertilizers, improve care spaces, double the area of ​​orchards and berry fields.

After the reconstruction of old and the establishment of new orchards total area of ​​perennial plants of the republic by 1970 will reach 60-65 thousand hectares, and yields will rise to 70 quintals per hectare.

Studies show that the cost-effectiveness of gardening, the level of productivity of fruit crops, the yield per unit of labor input and cost of its increasingly depend on the geographic distribution of plants, the size of the gardens, combining gardening with other sectors of the economy, its organization, the level of agricultural technology and mechanization. To ensure a smooth development of horticulture in the country and the right combination with other industries, it is necessary to develop long-term plans for the deployment of horticulture in all regions, as well as collective and state farms should be intra-term plans.

The volume of production of horticulture and other sectors of the economy should be linked to labor and other productive resources, taking into account their growth and the comprehensive mechanization of farming.

The size of the orchard and farm to farm to a large extent depends on the size of the entire economy, its economic and environmental conditions.

Minimum industrial garden on the farms should be in the range of 50-70 hectares, so that you can effectively handle modern machines, tools and successfully to combat pests and diseases. In areas with underdeveloped gardening gardens you can lay smaller, but not less than 20-30 acres.

Carrying out the decisions of the December and February Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, village workers of the Lithuanian SSR on par with the development of key sectors of agriculture will make efforts for the sharp rise in horticulture.

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