SOCATA GY 80 Horizon and ST 10 Diplomate
The French company «So-ciete de Construction d’Avi-ons deTourisme et d’Affaires» (SOCATA) was founded in 1966 initially as a subsidiary of «Sud-Aviation», but then it came under the control of the company «Aerospatiale».
In 2000 the company became part of SOCATA group EADS, but in 2008 came under the control of French industrial conglomerate DAHER.
SOCATA manufactured under license for the company «Sud-Aviation» four cantilever low GY 80 Horizon. The plane had a wing span of 9.70 meters and poluubirayuscheesya tricycle landing gear, and was powered by a piston engine Avco Lycoming O-FRL-A 180 hp, which allows the aircraft to reach a maximum speed at sea level of 250 km / h.
SOCATA built more than 250 such aircraft — their production was discontinued in 1969.
Based on the Horizon company has developed an advanced four-monoplane, called Super Horizon 2000 or Provence, and will go into series production in 1969 as the ST 10 Diplomate. The new aircraft differed from the presence of some 80 GY elongated bow, modified tail and landing gear, and was equipped with a more powerful 200-horsepower engine U-360-C1 B. Despite the improved performance characteristics, in particular — the maximum speed at sea level, 280 km / h, the aircraft Diplomate not generated considerable interest, and at the time of the cessation of production in 1975 was delivered only 56 machines.
SOCATA Rallye and Rallye 235 Guerrier
SOCATA company’s activities for the production of light aircraft began with a tourist airplane MS.880, designed by «Morane-Saulnier»
(since 1965 — the year before the establishment of the company SOCATA — as part of the company «Sud-Aviation»).
SOCATA has started as a subsidiary of «Sud-Aviation» since the beginning of the 1960s built versions of its aircraft under the designation Rallye. All aircraft is a monoplane with low wing and fixed landing gear, differing capacity and structure of the power plant. In 1979 the company launched a new production program.
Rallye family aircraft have been very popular in various zakazchikov- company collected about 3,300 of these machines and the latest production version of the family became a double training aircraft Galopin (originally — Rallye 110ST), equipped with the engine Avco Lycoming 0-235-L2A capacity of 110 hp . and builds in two versions. It also produces under license from the Polish company «PZL Warszawa-Okecie» under the designation L-110 Koliber in double / triple engine configurations and equipped with Franklin 4A 235-131 capacity of 126 hp Experts «PZL Warszawa-Okecie» then developed based on the basic design of a line of light aircraft, the car remained in production until 2001.
Plane Galerien (Rallye 180 tons) — option for towing gliders equipped with the engine 0-360-aza capacity of 180 liters. s., and the plane Gabier (Rallye 235GT) — modifications with improved flight performance, the ability to take off and landing short takeoff, strengthened airframe and a more powerful engine 0-540. Among the aircraft, manufactured by the company was 235 R Guerrier, which was a military version of the model Gabier and differs from it in the presence of underwing pylons for the suspension arms (HAP machine gun containers, practical bomb, intelligence equipment and so forth.). Last Rallye was released by SOCATA in naked option Guerrier and delivered to the customer at the end of 1984.
Type: four-seater cabin monoplane
Powerplant: one Avco Lycoming 0 PD-S40-B4B5 235 hp (175 kW) Flight performance: Maximum speed at sea level of 275 km / h; ceiling of 4,500 m; range with maximum fuel capacity 1090 km
Weight: 694 kg empty; 1,200 kg maximum take-off
Dimensions: wingspan 9.75 m; length 7.25 m; height of 2.80 m; wing area 12,26 m2
SOCATA TV. Single-engine light aircraft
In early 1975, the company began designing SOCATA four- / five-seater monoplane TV 1O, later known as Tobago. The plane was flight tested on February 23 1977 and was equipped with an engine Avco Lycoming 0-320-D2A ‘160 hp He became the founder of a new series of light nizkoplanov mostly metal construction with non-retractable tricycle landing gear with a nose strut and propeller constant speed.
Soon, the second prototype, equipped with the engine Avco Lycoming 0-360-A1 AD capacity of 180 liters. from. The decision on the production of both options has led to the plane with an engine capacity of less it became quadruple and was renamed TV 9 Tampico. The third flight of this series, TV 20Trinidad, was flight tested on November 14, 1980 and was distinguished retractable tricycle landing gear, more powerful engine and minor modifications to the airframe. Trinidad TV 21 had a 250 hp engine and is also available in versions with turbo.
TV 11 as a whole was similar to the TV 10 and was intended for professional aerobatic pilots. It was equipped with a system Christen engine capacity of 180 liters. s., which allowed aircraft to fly upside down. The first production TV 11 became available in 1984.
New modification appeared in the March 1991-then the first flight of the aircraft climbed 200 per Tobago XL. Four / five-seater aircraft as a whole was similar to the 10 basic TV, but was equipped with a more powerful 200-horsepower engine U-360.
Aircraft family television became popular as of training machines and were in service in countries such as France, Greece, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan and Turkey. In early 2000, SOCATA introduced into production the second generation aircraft family TV. The new aircraft differed slightly enlarged cabin, upturned wingtips modified forkil and other improvements. The issue was more than 1,900 machines.
SOCATA TV 20 Trinidad
Type: four / five-seat light aircraft
Powerplant: one PD Avco Lycoming I0-540-C4DS5D capacity of 250 liters. from. (186 kW)
Flight performance: top speed 310 km / h; ceiling of 6095 m; Maximum range with maximum fuel capacity 1785 km
Weight: 772 kg empty; 1335 kg maximum take-off
Dimensions: wingspan 9.76 m; length 7.71 m; height of 2.85 m; wing area 11,90 m2