During the three summer months on the rich pasture grass, many owners of farmsteads and farms have time to grow calves, lambs, goats for meat. Now, the end of the period of «free» feeding, it is possible to correct deficiencies, to feed the animals for the winter to get a good mascara, well muscled and moderately greasy.
In late summer, the farms are usually no shortage of food. Now for the feeding of animals in the feeder will go and pasture grass and weeds from the beds, and the surplus harvest from the garden, greens garden plants. Some owners even use duckweed with ponds and lakes, where in late August is in excess. Food that is very nutritious and «fat». Before feeding it can be a bit dry, and then to put in a feeding trough. However, each fowl their appetite and preferences. It’s time to pamper all. It is known that the pasture fattening calves — one of the most effective and cheapest ways of growing young lean beef. Calves who are not planning to start breeding goal, trying to fatten during the summer. As a rule, put on the feeding of calves at the age of 2-2.5 months, when they cease to unsolder milk and converted to grass. Since younger calves graze in the total herd is not always convenient, they are often left in the pen, but the main use of pasture forage. By the end of fattening, when the growth rate is not so high, trying to feed more animals and concentrates: forage, cereals. At this time, the body is still actively developed, but only energy rich feed, such as grass or silage, is no longer enough to set a good weight. Do not be sorry feed at this time — the earlier rise bull, the less cost. After all, with age growth rate and reduced feed costs will not pay an appropriate increase. In well-fed calves 6-8 months added a day from 600 to 800
It is worth recalling that the water in bulls should be available all the time, in the period of intensive feeding, they should not feel thirsty, or lose weight quickly and then slowly reduced form. Fattened calves are usually no longer than 15 months, sometimes slaughtered earlier in achieving good nutritional deficiency or feed. Keep them longer does not make sense.
Fattening, they tend to go the extra bulls, which often sell large dairy farms, or bulls of specialized meat breeds. Of course, calves from dairy cows grow and develop more slowly than meat. By 10 months of age are bulls weigh 180-200 kg. Whereas their counterparts can work up the meat on the same feed 220-250 kg. But to buy calves specialized meat breeds can be difficult, and they are very expensive. From animal meat breeds we are quite common representatives of the Kazakh white-headed breed, Hereford and meat simmentals. All these breeds have been specifically bred for meat. Calves these rocks hold up to 6 months with no beating a cow — is the technology of beef cattle. Then the grown steers and cull heifers fed on succulent feeds — on pasture grass or silage, silage. For meat slaughtering calves gain weight about 400-450 kg (15 months). However, among the meat breeds are not all equally good use of pastures, some animals show their meat productivity solely on high-energy diets.
Besides young cattle for fattening put extra rams and goats. These animals are also excellent fattened on grass pasture. In addition, rams and goats used to be deprived of milk and faster than calves become accustomed to eating grass. In different households differently contain «otkormochnikov.» Some keep them in separate rooms, trying to give them less mobile and relaxed lifestyle, the animals gain weight quickly. As a rule, they do not chase the pasture and fed in pens cut grass. Also by the end of fattening they begin to feed heavily concentrated fodder for better weight gain. Others graze fattening animals home with the rest of the herd until puberty and then to graze or fed separately to males accidentally covered the females. But unlike the bulls, rams and goats recommend neutered before directing for fattening. Castrated animals gain weight quickly, are calmer, there are larger, they have by the end of fattening soft meat without specific smell. Yes, and you can keep them together with the main herd, which greatly facilitates the care of them. Of course, the best fattened rams specialized meat breeds, among which it is worth noting Tashlinskaya breed. Animals of this breed have a strong constitution, a high rate of growth and vitality of the young. As early as 4 months of age rams gain weight about 20 kg, though on a special diet, which includes and concentrates, and additives. Breed and the findings of the ad for quick lamb. Tashlinsky excellent fatten lambs on good herbage. Their meat has an amazing taste. Distributed breed in the southern region of the country.
Specialized meat breeds of goats in our country is not diluted. Meat goats are usually grown in our common dairy breeds: Zaanen, toggenburgskoy, Czech brown or local mongrel. Goat and develop good fattened exclusively on pasture diet. The purpose of fattening — as early as possible to get a well-developed animal with a full meat carcass, and for this it is necessary and feed goats, respectively. To increasing muscle mass, in the diet should be enough protein. To animals are well grown and evolved, the diet must be balanced with respect to energy, it must contain enough carbohydrates, especially sugars. And do not underestimate mikroelementarny and composition of the diet, as would be a shame if because of the lack of any elements of the animals will grow more slowly and less to absorb food. Way, goats, unlike other species, is frequently used as feed shoots trees in pastures can eat huge number of different plants. They are easy to include in its turnover as a pasture uncomfortable, forest clearings, gardens and outskirts roads, where cows and sheep graze impossible.