The concept "chemical element" He formulated in 1661 by Robert Boyle (1627-1691 gg.). He determined that it "substance which decomposed into constituent parts". Over the past 350 years, the development of the natural sciences, especially chemistry and nuclear physics, to clarify the meaning of this concept.
Current knowledge about chemical elements allows the following to determine the content of this concept:
Chemical element — a collection of atoms (nucleons, electrons, superatomic) having the same number of nucleons (electrons, magnetron, atoms), possessing the identical set of properties (degree of oxidation reduction potential, the radius of the charge, the type of crystal lattice, density, melting point, boiling and evaporation, the thermal conductivity, the ionization energy, electrical resistance, a specific magnetic susceptibility, electron affinity, etc.) and be decomposed into its constituent parts.
Due to the fact that proton on the body atom can be from 0 to 12, but not exceeding, the number of the chemical element is determined not by the number of protons, and the number of nucleons ("The scientific picture of the world "Cyclonic Universe").
Therefore, the number of the chemical element is the number of nucleons (electrons, magnetron, atoms) that make up the flesh of his on-t.
276 atomic chemical elements are stable. They form more than 500 ‘of simple substances.
It is necessary to term "isotope" remove from the scientific lexicon; raising their status to independent "chemical elements. At the same time change the structure of the periodic system, increasing the number of chemical elements, at least up to a few hundred — but certainly not less than 276.
At about the birth of the universe, ie the four chemical elements periodic systems occurs in this way.
Radiating from the surfaces of flesh-T (the body-body), with 2nd and 5th, inclusive, step-layers SPM (step pyramid of life) of the Press, the 3rd and 6th, inclusive, level layers moving from one image to another chemical element. C-surfaces of t, with the 3rd and 6th stage layers are emitted along with pervotelami matter, but also, depending on the complexity of the organization, magnetrons, electrons and nucleons atoms. Time intervals of emissions from the past are different, but logical. This law is expressed in the gradual development of certain rates of expansion, ie, from the 3rd and 6th, inclusive, step-layers ALS. This situation leads to nature being chemical phenomena — the reactions of different hierarchical levels. Active participants in these chemical reactions are the electrons, nucleons, atoms, and atoms are over — four representatives of the respective periodic system of elements: e, nucleon, atomic and nuclear over.
By the beginning of the XXI century mankind barely completes familiarization "virgin land" nuclear periodic table of chemical elements and not all of them are used in full force, and already faces a new challenge — to begin a study of physical and chemical properties of the representatives of the following three elements of systems: the nucleon, electronic and atomic excess.
Nature in this business far ahead of human rights. It is the possibility of representatives of these four elements of the periodic system uses full. Therefore, in particular, there are phenomena such as "I" o-ton, Mind, Soul and intellectual activity, inherent not only to man, but also the animal and plant kingdoms, as well as on-t, 8 th and 10 th, inclusive, step-layers ALS. In this regard, it must be admitted that the Nature of the Universe t-spiritualized everywhere and everywhere there, along with animals, in one form or another, the spiritual life.
1. Chemical Encyclopedic Dictionary, M., "Soviet Encyclopedia", 1983., S707.
2. Great Soviet Encyclopedia, T. 30, p. 138, Moscow, Soviet Encyclopedia *"1978