The Soviet people greeted his native XX Congress of the Communist Party as a great historic event in the life of our country. Nationwide socialist competition, which developed in the country after the XX Congress of the Communist Party, promoted a new upsurge of the entire national economy, labor productivity growth, early implementation of the state plan.
Meet its socialist obligations radio service workers came to the XX Congress of the Communist Party with great achievements in the radio service of the collective farm village. In implementing the decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union «On measures for further development and completion of the installation of radio rural areas», they spent considerable work on the radio service of the village.
The rate of rural radio service and scope of the work done by signalers, illustrated by the volume of completed construction of houses and the number of radios farmers. Since May 1954 t. E., After the publication of the ruling party and the government, in the countryside has built more than 175 thousand km of overhead and cable lines, installed more than 4,600 new collective broadcasting centers and has more than one million points in broadcasting houses farmers. During this period, the number of radio sets in rural areas increased by 60 per cent, and it is directly in the collective farms has increased more than twice.
Successfully solved the problem of rural radio service individual Soviet republics and regions of the RSFSR. For example, the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, the Kursk, Ulyanovsk region, the Krasnodar Territory in 1955 has fulfilled the plan for the development of wired radio, including rural areas.
Significant progress has made the Ministry of Communications of the Ukrainian SSR (ie the Minister of Communications. Kirichenko, head of broadcast and telecommunication t. Gerchikov), which throughout the year to implement the plan of development of rhythmic radio service. In the past year to improve their work and the Kazakh Ministry of Communications of the Uzbek SSR. The Ministry of Communications of the Armenian SSR, which in the first half of 1955 were among the laggards, with the help of the party was able to overcome the backlog and implement the plan of radio service in rural areas.
Past achievements — the result of extensive signalers ensuing socialist competition for early implementation of the plan, the result of increasing the role of the Directorates broadcasting networks in the manual installation of radio, improving the work of builders, skilful implementation of the plan to bring to the rural radio service teams of district offices of communication.
In the republics in question, serious consideration was given to using local materials and capacity reserves radio nodes and lines, especially collective. Questions radio service rural areas were under constant supervision Ministry of Communications. More concerned about the radio service of the village showed the local Party and government organizations.
All this has ensured the fulfillment and over-fulfillment of tasks set for the radio service.
However, some of the Ministry of Communications of the Union Republics in 1955, have not coped with the implementation plan for the development of wired radio and especially in rural areas. This applies above all to the Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation, Byelorussian, Azerbaijani, Georgian and Moldavian SSR.
The lag in the development of radio service in a number of regions of the Russian Federation reduced the percentage of the plan for the Union. General Directorate broadcast and intra Telecommunication Ministry of Communications of the RSFSR (Head t. Radzievskii, chief engineer t. Ramenskii) did not achieve that at the enterprises of the local industry and co-operatives have been manufactured in the required quantities hooks, insulators and other materials; in some regions of the country to increase the rate of radio service is extremely underutilized collective reserve capacity and broadcasting centers already built broadcasting lines. These shortcomings, as well as shortages of materials and linear cable, have affected the implementation of the plan, especially the second half of the year.
Checking produced recently employees of the Ministry of Communication, showed that the Ministries of Communications of Azerbaijan, Georgian and Moldavian SSR there are still serious shortcomings. Heads of ministries and DRTS in these republics satisfactorily deal with issues of wired radio countryside, and in some cases, as was the case in the Azerbaijan SSR, mistakes were made in the planning of the development of rural radio sets. The Ministry of Communications of Azerbaijan SSR adopted a wrong decision, freeing the heads of regional offices due responsibility for implementation of the plan radio service at the expense of the collective farms. In some districts of the republic it came to the ridiculous: the chairmen of collective farms turned on installation of radio communication to heads of offices, and forwarded them to the SMUR: we, they say, radio collective farms are not engaged. This grave error has been corrected. Measures have been taken to increase the role of the offices in the installation of radio communication. But we must make sure that such incidents do not recur.
The head office is the representative of the Ministry of Communications in the area, and it must not only identify the farms, which should be concluded agreements on broadcast units, but also to organize the work to implement these agreements.
It should be noted that inadequate supply of materials and equipment dramatically inhibits the development of radio service in rural areas. Radiofikatory entitled to make a claim to the Ministry of USSR forest industry, which has been systematically nedodaet authorities regard telegraph poles. So, in the Moldavian SSR due to lack of pillars constructed in 1955 and installed a broadcasting radio point (about 10 thousand) were the non-inclusion.
Ministry of Local Industry of the RSFSR and the Ministry of Electrical Industry of the USSR in 1955 nedodali significant amount of porcelain insulators for the needs of radio service. This led to the fact that in a number of places with a large number of installed telegraph poles work had not been completed. In the Kirov region, for example, it has built more than 1,000 km of lines, but they were not put into operation due to lack of insulators.
So far, the bodies of relationships are of little help in the collective exploitation of their broadcasting centers. However, something that is done in this regard. Downtime collective broadcasting centers in 1955 for the Union as a whole is significantly reduced. This is achieved, in particular, due to the installation of the radio in 1000 energobaz whiter.
It is necessary to organize the work so that each head of DRTS and SMUR, each Head of communication always felt personally responsible for the implementation of the plan of wired radio countryside. But this, of course, is not enough. Much of what needs to be done for the installation of radio rural areas are still not completed.
Take, for example, the organization of mobile workshops. Check the field has shown that this requirement of the Council of Ministers and the CPSU performed still very slowly. Even in such republics as RSFSR, USSR and Kazakhstan, work on the organization of mobile workshops inexcusably delayed and will be completed in the first quarter 1956.
Dysfunctional is the case with collective training radio operators. This happens because the leaders of the Ministries of the Union republics do not show proper persistence, do not achieve by local Soviet authorities disbursement.
The immediate task of communication in the field is in the first quarter to fully identify the reserves available to the broadcasting center, especially the collective farm, and until the end of their use, are not expected to unfold when wide construction of linear structures.
Particular attention in this year should be given to improve the quality and ensure the smooth operation of collective broadcasting centers. This requires the authorities to organize a communication routine work of district technicians, mobile emergency-repair workshops, the number of which is increasing in the current year, to adjust the supply of materials and spare parts of broadcasting centers to ensure timely repair of lines of collective sites.
It is the duty of employees of communication — in the first month of 1956 tirelessly fight for the high rates of rural radio service.