It is difficult to convey a sense of panic that occurs when a sudden freezes laptop. Do not lose the presence of mind: having certain knowledge, solve the problem would be easy.
Like all modern technologies, laptops stunningly good when they work, but become a source of irritation in case of failure. One of these cases, causing headaches and gnashing of teeth — a sudden crash the laptop with which from time to time faced each user. But what caused it and what to do in such cases? More importantly, what actions should be taken to prevent sudden freezes in the future. We will explain how to solve a problem.
Typical causes deadlocks
There are many potential problems that could cause a crash the laptop, but the three most common, accounting for the vast majority of troubles of this kind. Fortunately, these are the reasons for the easiest way to resolve the ordinary user.
The first reason — the physical. Laptops often stop working when overheating occurs, for example, because of the dust accumulated in the body and the vent, or a foreign object blocking the airflow. Rising temperatures may disrupt the night marathon session Netflix faster than you feel that the laptop «burns her knees.»
The second part of the reason — insufficient memory. RAM laptop functions like working memory of the brain and is used for short-term storage of data when accessing the various programs and functions. If memory is not enough, there are problems such as falls down, «stumbling» in the performance of tasks related to the heavy load on the processor, and even crash or «blue screen», indicating the critical error in the operating system.
Finally, the third cause «paralysis» laptop belongs to the general category of «problems with the software.» It is very capacious concept covering any causes of changes in the BIOS to errors in programs and viruses.
Whatever the root cause, the first steps after the computer freezes are always the same. First of all, try to close a frozen application. If problems have arisen in only one program, then closed it, you will most likely solve the problem temporarily. But to close the program, sometimes enough to click on the X icon in the corner of the window.
If the program does not respond, try to close it from the Task Manager. You probably know that you can refer to it by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Del, but you can choose a shorter route by pressing Ctrl + Shift + Esc.
If you can not, even so, it’s time for a hard reset. On most laptops this can be done by holding down the power button for a few seconds longer than usual. Just hold down the button as long as the device is turned off. If it has not brought success, it is necessary to disconnect the computer from the power source and remove the battery pack *.
Then you need to check the temperature of the notebook. Most people are not handy infrared thermometer, but normally you just touch the computer. Be careful, because it can be quite hot, and even burn. Hotspots are typically near the ventilation holes and the pivot joints as well as the bottom surface. In addition, check the vents. Any obstacle to the air flow may result in increased temperature and cause a malfunction.
Eliminating and preventing problems
To get rid of excessive heat, it is often enough to remove the dust with a can of compressed air and clean the vents. However, sometimes the problem may be more serious, such as cooling fan failure or displacement of the radiator. Occasionally you can fix this problem at home, if we have the right tools and find the instructions on the Internet. But if you have no experience, it is best to consult a specialist before trying to open the case yourself.
To find the cause of the memory problems, we must first understand the purpose for which it is used. In Task Manager, tab Processes (Processes). You will see a list of all processes running on the computer at the moment. Without opening any programs, take a look at the percentage of physical memory. If no program is executed, and the percentage of memory used is already large, it is likely that you were able to discover the cause of the failure. If the physical memory is basically free, try to open the last used program, and then open the utility for one to learn, it does not take up whether any of the frequently used programs too much memory.
You can also run a memory test using the tools Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool. You can do this by opening the menu Start (Start) and search for «gletogu.» Start the diagnosis, during which it will automatically restart.
If the memory is almost full, you should free up some space. Task release RAM itself is worthy of a series of articles, but its essence is this: unwanted files, programs and background processes take up RAM, increasing the likelihood of falling performance and computer freezes. Close open files, delete unnecessary and unused programs, close all programs running in the background. To avoid problems in the future, optimize memory usage, cleaning and defragmenting the hard drive, and think about how to install additional RAM.
If the cause of failures in the software (malware, contain errors, or corrupted update the driver), you can take two simple steps. First, return the PC to a previous state using System Restore utility. If you can accurately set the date of occurrence of the problem, just roll back to a previous date.
Secondly, returning to a more stable version of the operating system, update drivers and perform virus scanning to reduce the likelihood of future problems.
If these simple measures are not enough to eliminate hang laptop offers two options for further action. The first is to try to find a solution to a particular problem on the Internet, simply by specifying the symptoms and the computer model and the name of the manufacturer. Do not hesitate to contact technical support. Most failures are due to the specific characteristics of the system, for example due to a known software error or a defective component. Specialists will help you not only to identify the cause of the problem, but to eliminate it (if the laptop is covered by the warranty).
The second option — to turn to a local repair shop or a specialist. There are literally hundreds (if not thousands) of the probable causes of the laptop freezes and expertise will help to identify and correct the problem.