Long before the formation of Kievan Rus ancient Slavs had one of the largest state formations existed according to the historians of 1600 to 2.5 million years old and was destroyed by the Goths in 368 year. The history of ancient Slavic state was almost forgotten by the German professors who wrote the Russian history and aims to rejuvenate the history of Russia, to show that the Slavic peoples pristine clean, not tainted acts Ross, Antes, barbarians, vandals and the Scythians, of which very well remembered around the world. The purpose — to tear Russia from the Scythian past. On the basis of the German professors arose national historical school. The German professors alone fought Mikhail Lomonosov, who argued that the history of the Slavs goes back to ancient times.
The ancient Slavic state took land from the Danube and the Carpathians to the Crimea, the Northern Caucasus and the Volga, and subordinate to the ground and seized the trans-Volga steppes Yuzhnouralsk. Scandinavian name sounds like Gardarica Russia — the country towns. The same write and Arab historians, calculating Russian cities by the hundreds. In this case, arguing that the Byzantines have only five cities, while the rest — "fortresses." In ancient documents called Slavic state, including as Scythia and Ruskolan. In his works, Academician BA Rybakov, author of "Pagan ancient Slavs" 1981. "Paganism Old Russia" 1987, and many others, says that the state is the bearer Ruskolan Chernyahiv archaeological culture and experienced a period of prosperity in Troyan century (I-IV century AD. ). To show what level scientists have been studying the ancient Slavic history, who was also present academician BA Fishermen. Boris Rybakov 40 years as head of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, was the director of the Institute of History of Sciences, Academician-Secretary of the Department of History of Sciences, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and an honorary member of the Czechoslovak, Polish and Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Emeritus Professor of the Moscow University. Moscow State University, Doctor of Historical Sciences, an honorary doctorate at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow.
The word "Ruskolan" is the syllable "lan" is present in the words "Hand", "valley" and means: space, territory, place, region. Subsequently, the syllable "lan" is converted to land. Sergei Forest in his book, "How are you, Russ?" Says the following: "With respect to the words" Ruskolun "it should be noted that there is also the option" Ruskolan. " If the latter option is more correct, we can understand the word differently: "Rusko (th) doe." Lan — field. All of the expression, "Russian field." In addition, the Forest makes the assumption that there was the word "Cleaver", meaning probably some space. It occurs in a different verbal environment. The same historians and linguists believe that the name of the state "Ruskolan" could come from the two words "Russia" and "Alan" on behalf of Russ and Alan, who were living in a single state.
The same opinion was and Mikhail Lomonosov, who wrote:
"Alan and Roxolans edinoplemenstvo of the many sites of ancient historians and geographers is clear, and the difference is in the fact that Alan common name of the whole people, and Roksolana utterance, composed of their place of residence, which is not without reason, make the river Raa as the ancient writers reputed Volga. Pliny the Alans and Roxolans together fancy. Roksolana in addition called Ptolemy portable alanorsi. Names and Roxanne aorsy or rossane in Strabo precise unity of Russia and Alans say what the accuracy is multiplied they wallpaper slavenskogo generation was then that the Sarmatians edinoplemennymi witnessed by ancient writers, and therefore with the Vikings-Russian one root. "
Note also that the Vikings Lomonosov to Russia, which once again shows the manipulation of the German professors, which is deliberately called the Vikings a stranger, and not the Slavic people. This juggling and birth of a legend about the calling of another tribe to rule on Russia was politically motivated so that once again the "enlightened" West could indicate "wild" Slavs, their backwardness, and that it was created by Europeans Slavic state. Modern historians, except adherents Norman theory, just agree that this is the Vikings Slavic tribe. Lomonosov wrote:
"According to the testimony of Alan Gelmoldovu were mixed with kurlandtsami, edinoplemennymi Varangians Ross."
Lomonosov wrote Vikings, Russia, not the Vikings, Norse, or Vikings, Goths. All documents pre-Christian period Vikings attributed to the Slavs. Next Lomonosov wrote:
"Rugenskie Slavs is abbreviated injuries, that is, with the River Rea (Volga), and rossanami. These things preseleniem them to Varangian banks, as follows, detailed meaning. Veyssel Bohemian suggests that from the east came to Prussia amakosovii, Alan, Wendy. "
Lomonosov writes rugenskih Slavs. It is known that on the island of Rügen in Arkona was the last pagan Slavic temple was destroyed in 1168. Now there Slavic Museum. Lomonosov wrote that it was from the east to Prussia, and came to the island of Rügen Slavic tribes, and adds:
"This is Alan preselenie volzheskih ie Rossano or Russia, the Baltic Sea occurred, as shown by the evidence vyshepokazannyh authors, not once, and not in a short time as the tracks, until now remains, it is clear that the names of cities and rivers accolade be. "
But back to the Slavic states. Ruskolani the capital, the city Kiyar located in the Caucasus, Elbrus near the modern village Upper Chegem and Bezengi. Sometimes called Kiyar antsky, after the Slavic tribe of ants. The results of the expeditions to the place of the ancient Slavic city will be written at the end. Descriptions of the Slavic town can be found in ancient documents. "Avesta" in one of the places talks about the main city of the Scythians in the Caucasus near one of the highest mountains in the world. And as you know Elbrus is the highest mountain in Caucasus, but also in Europe in general. "Rigveda" tells the story of the main city of the Rus all on the same Elbrus. About Kiyare said in the "Book of Veles". Judging by the text Kiyar, or Old City Kia, was founded over 1300 years before the fall of Ruskolani (368 years. BC), ie in the IX century BC The ancient Greek geographer Strabo, who lived in I. BC — I start to. BC writes about the Temple of the Sun and the sanctuary of the Golden Fleece in the holy city of Russia, Elbrus, on top of Mount Tuzuluk. On the mountain discovered the foundations of the ancient building. Its height is about 40 meters and the diameter of the base — 150 m: The ratio is the same as the Egyptian pyramids and other ancient places of worship. In the parameters of the mountain and the temple there are many obvious and not random patterns. Observatory, the Temple was created by "model" project and how other cyclopean structures — Stonehenge and Arkaim — intended for astrological observations. In the stories of many people there is evidence of construction on the sacred mountain Alatyr (now — Elbrus) of this majestic building, revered by all ancient peoples. Mention of it is in the national epic of the Greeks, Arabs, Europeans. According to Zoroastrian legend, this temple was captured Roos (Rustam) in Usen (Kavi Useynasom) in the second millennium BC Archaeologists officially celebrate at this time of the emergence of the Caucasus Koban culture and the emergence of Scythian and Sarmatian tribes. Mentions the Temple of the Sun and the geographer Strabo, placing it in the sanctuary of the Golden Fleece and oracle Tthis. There are detailed descriptions of the temple and the evidence that there have been astronomical observation. Temple of the sun was a real observatory paleoastronomicheskoy antiquity. The priests who have some knowledge, creating such temples Observatory, studied the stellar science. It calculates not only the date for agriculture, but also, more importantly, identified the key milestones of the world and spiritual history. Arab historian Al Masudi described the Sun Temple at Mt as follows: "In the Slavic lands were building, revered by them. Between the other was in their house on the hill, which philosophers wrote that she is one of the highest mountains in the world. On this building there is a story: the quality of its construction, the location of its heterogeneous rocks and their different colors of the hole made in the upper part, that is built into these holes to watch the sunrise on the situation there, and precious stones Signs noted in it that indicate future events and warn against accidents before their implementation of an echo in the upper part of the sound and that befalls them on hearing these sounds. " In addition to the a document is, the information about the main ancient Slavic city, Temple of the Sun and the Slavic state as a whole is in the "Elder Edda" in Persian, the old Germanic and Scandinavian sources, the "Book of Veles".
For example, here we are told of two wars between the Goths (old Germanic tribe) and Slavs, is ready to invade the ancient Slavic state of the 4th century Gothic historian Jordan in his book "History of the Goths" and "Book of Veles". In the middle of IV century konung ready Germanareh led his people to conquer the world. He was a great leader. According to Jordan, it was compared to Alexander the Great. The same is said about Germanarehe and Lomonosov
"Ermanarik ostrogotsky King for his bravery on the misappropriation of many northern peoples was compared by some to Alensandrom great."
According to the testimony of the Jordan, "Elder Edda" and "Book of Veles" Germanareh after long wars captured nearly all of Eastern Europe. It was fought on the Volga to the Caspian Sea, and then fought on the Terek River, crossed the Caucasus, then passed on the Black Sea coast and reached the Azov. According to the "Book of Veles" Germanareh first made peace with the Slavs ("drink wine with friends"), and then "went with the sword for us." The peace treaty between the Slavs and the Goths was sealed dynastic marriage sister Busa Swans and Germanareha. This was the price of peace, for Germanarehu there were many years (he died in 110 years, the marriage was concluded just as before.) According to Edda, woos Swan Swa Germanareha Randvere son, he took her to his father. Then Earl Bikki, Germanareha adviser, told them that it would be better if I went to Swan Randvere, since they are both young, and Germanareh — old man. These words have pleased Swans-CBA and Randvere and Jordan adds that the Swan-Swa fled from Germanareha. Then Germanareh executed his son and the Swan. This murder was the cause of Slavic-Gothic war. Treacherously violated the "peace treaty", in the first battles broke Germanareh Slavs. But then, when Ger-manareh Ruskolani moved into the heart, the way Germanarehu intercede Anty. Germanareh was defeated. According to Jordan on his sword, struck the side rossomony (ruskolany) Sar (the king) and Ammy (brother). Slavic prince Booth and his brother Zlatogor Germanarehu inflicted a mortal wound, and he died shortly thereafter. Here's how to write about this Jordan, Book of Veles, and later Lomonosov.
"The Book of Veles": "And was defeated by Ruskolan Germanareha ready. And he took a wife of our race, and killed her. And then our leaders poured on him and Germanareha pitched. "
Jordan. "History is ready": "Invalid kind rosomonov (ruskolan) … took the next convenient opportunity … Because after King, driven by rage, ordered a certain woman named Sunhilda (Swan) of the title kind of artful care of her husband break, tied to horses and prompting fierce horses running in different directions, her brothers Sar (Booth) and Ammy (Zlata), in revenge for the hyper-cable sisters, sword thrust into the side Germanareha. "
M. Lomonosov: "Sonildu, notably roksolanskuyu woman told Ermanarik break horses run away for her husband. Her brothers Sar and Ammy, avenging the death of sister's, Ermanarika pierced in the side, he died from the wound a hundred and ten years. "
After several years in the land of the Slavic tribe of ants invaded descendant Germanareha Amal Vinitar. In the first battle he was defeated, but then "began to act more decisively," the Goths, led by Amal Vinitar, defeated the Slavs. Slavic prince Booth and 70 other princes of the Goths was crucified on the cross. It happened on the night of 20 March 21, 368 years. That night, when he was crucified Booth, was a half-tion lunar eclipse. Also, the earth shook monstrous earthquake (shaking the entire coast of the Black Sea, the destruction was in Constantinople and Nicaea. Later, Slavs rallied and broke ready. But former powerful Slavic state has not been restored.
"The Book of Veles": "And then Russia was again defeated. And Booth and seventy other princes crucified. And great was the turmoil in Russia from Amala Venda. And then the words are collected Russia, and took her. And this time the Goths were defeated. And we are not allowed anywhere Jale leak. And to get by. And glad our grandfather Dazhbog, Full Tilt and soldiers — many of our fathers, who were victorious. And there was many troubles and worries, and so the land became our Gothic. And so to the end of the timeless. "
Jordan. "History is ready": Amal Vinitar … moved troops into Ants. And when he came to them, was defeated in the first encounter, then behaved more bravely, and their king by the name of Boz, his sons, and 70 distinguished people nailed to the corpses hung doubled conquered fear. "
Bulgar Chronicle "Baradj Tarihi": "One day in the land of Anchians at Booth attacked Galidjians (Galicians) and killed him along with all the princes of the 70th."
Busa and 70 princes Goths crucified in the eastern Carpathians at the origins of the Siret and Prut, the present frontier of Wallachia and Transylvania. In those days, these lands belonged Ruskolani or Scythia. Much later, in the famous Vlad Dracula was in place crucifixion Booth staged mass execution and crucifixion. Crosses removed from the body and the rest of the princes Booth on Friday and was taken to Mount Elbrus, the ethoxy (inflow Podkumok). In Caucasian tradition, the body of Booth and other princes brought eight pairs of oxen. Booth's wife told to pour over their grave mound on the bank of the river ethoxy (inflow Podkumok) and in order to perpetuate the memory of Booth, ordered rename Altud to Baksan River (river Busa). Caucasian legend says:
"Baksan (Booth) was killed gotfskim king with all his brothers and eighty Notable sleds. Hearing this, the people surrendered to despair, men beat their breasts, and women tearing his hair, saying, "killed, murdered Dauovy eight sons!"
Who has read "Lay one remembers that there is mentioned a long time" bygone era VAN "
368, the year of the crucifixion of Prince Busa has astrological significance. According to Slavic astrology this milestone. In the night from 20 to 21 March, the 368 ended the era of Aries and Pisces, it was the epoch.
It was after the story of the crucifixion of Booth, who is known in the ancient world and has appeared in the Christian story with the crucifixion of Christ. In the canonical Gospels nowhere says that Christ was crucified on the cross. Instead of the word "cross» (kryst) it used the word "Stavros» (stavros), which means that post, and it says not the crucifixion, but the stolbovanii. Therefore, there is no early Christian crucifix. In the "Acts" 10:39 says that Jesus "hung on a tree." The plot of the crucifix was introduced only after 400! years after the death of Christ in Greek. The question is, why, if Christ was crucified, and did not hang as much as four hundred years, Christians wrote in the holy books that Christ fun? Somehow illogical! The distortion of the original texts in translation, and then on the iconography (because there is no early Christian crucifix) is influenced Slavic-Scythian tradition. The meaning of the original Greek text was well-known in Greece (Byzantium), but after the necessary reforms in the modern Greek language, in contrast to the old custom, the word "Stavros" made except for the value "column" and also to "cross." In addition to the direct source of execution — the canonical gospels are known and others. In the closest to the Christian, in the Jewish tradition, legend also states hanging Jesus. There is written in the first century AD Jewish "A Tale of hanging" for details about Jesus' execution is by hanging. And in the Talmud are two stories about the execution of Christ. According to the first, Jesus was stoned, and not in Jerusalem, and in the Lude. On the second story because Jesus was of the royal family, the execution of the same stones were replaced by hanging. That was the official version of the Christians as much as 400 years! Even in the Muslim world to assume that Christ is not crucified, and hanged. In the Qur'an, relying on the early Christian tradition, cursed Christians who claim that Jesus was not hanged, and crucified, and claim that Jesus was by Allah (God), and not a prophet and Messiah, and negated the crucified-ment. So mu sul mana-respecting Jesus' self, do not reject any pos-incurring any of the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ, but reject the peasants being that character, as based on early Christian texts, which spoke of hanging, not crucifixion.
In addition to the described in the Bible is not just natural phenomena could occur on the day of the crucifixion Jerusalem Hristista. In the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Matthew says that Christ suffered passionate flour in the spring full moon with a passionate Thursday to Good Friday, and that was an eclipse of the sixth to the ninth hour. The event, which they called "eclipse" occurred at a time when it is due to objective reasons astronomical simply could not happen. Christ was put to death during the Jewish Passover, and it always falls on the full moon. First, the solar eclipse on the full moon does not happen. At full moon the moon and sun are on opposite sides of the earth so that the moon can not close the Earth sunlight. Secondly, unlike solar eclipses from lunar not last for three hours, as it is written in the Bible. Judeo-Christians can mean a lunar eclipse, and the world they do not understand? But solar and lunar eclipses are calculated very easily. Any astronomer will tell you that in the year of Christ's death, and even closer to the event, there were no lunar eclipses. Soon eclipse pinpoints only one date — on the night of 20 March 21, 368 AD. It is absolutely accurate astronomical calculations. Namely, in the night from Thursday to Friday, 20/21 March 368, the Goths was crucified Booth and 70 other princes. In the night from 20 to 21 March, there was a total lunar eclipse, which lasted from midnight to three hours on March 21 368 years. This date is calculated by astronomers, including the director of the Pulkovo Observatory N.Morozovym. Why did Christians '33 wrote that Christ was hanged, but after 368 years rewrote "holy" scripture and claimed that Christ was crucified? Obviously with the crucifixion story seemed to them more interesting, and they once again took up the religious plagiarism. That's where the information appeared in the Bible that Christ was crucified, he suffered torment from Thursday to Friday, there was an eclipse. Stealing the plot with the crucifixion, the Judeo-Christian Bible and decided to provide details of the execution of the Slavic prince, without thinking about what people in the future will pay attention to the described natural phenomena, which could be a year of execution of Christ in the place where he was executed.
And this is not the only example of theft of materials Christians. Speaking about the Slavs recall the myth of Father Arias, who received the covenant of Dazhbog Alatyr on the mountain (Mount Elbrus), and the Bible miraculously Arius and Alatyr become Sinay.Ili Moses and the Christian rite of baptism. Christian baptism is one third of the Slavic pagan ritual, which included: naming, Kresen fire and water baths. In Christianity, it remains only to water baths. We can recall examples from other traditions. Mitra — born on December 25! 600 years before the birth of Jesus! December 25 — the same day 600 years Jesus was born. Mithra was born of a virgin in a stable star rose, came wise men! All one to one, as with Christ, only 600 years before. Mithraism included: water baptism, holy water, the faith in the belief in the immortality of Mithras as the savior God, Heaven and Hell concept. Myrtle died and rose to become a mediator between God the Father and man! Plagiarism Christians by 100%. More examples. Immaculate Conception: Gautama Buddha — India 600 BC, Indra — Tibet 700 years BC, Dionysus — Greece, Quirinus — Roman, Adonis Babylon-all in a period of 400-200 years before the RH; Krishna India in 1200 BC; Zarathustra-1500 BC In short, those who have read the original, he knows how to take his writings Christian materials.
But back to the Slavic history. Discovery of the ancient Slavic city in the Caucasus does not look so awesome. In the last decade in Russia and Ukraine were opened several of the Ancient cities. Best known today — the famous Arch, whose age is 5000 thousand years. In 1987, the South Urals in Chelyabinsk region in hydroelectric fortified settlement was discovered early urban nature relating to the Bronze Age, ie to the days of the ancient Aryans. Arch over the famous Troy for five or six hundred years. A little older, even the Egyptian pyramids. Obnabnaruzhennoe settlement is a city abservatoriyu. During the study it was found that the site was a city fortified by two each refined circles of walls, ramparts and moats. Dwelling in it had a trapezoidal shape, tightly joined to each other in a circle so that the wide end wall of each dwelling was part of the defensive wall. Every home furnace for casting bronze! But in Greece, according to the traditional academic knowledge, bronze came only in the second millennium BC. Later, the village was part of the ancient Indo-European civilization — "Land of Cities" of Southern Trans-Urals. Scientists had discovered a complex of monuments belonging to this amazing culture.
Although small, fortified centers can be called proto. The use of the term "city" to the fortified settlement arkaimsko Sintashta-type, of course, relative. But they can not just call the settlements as arkaimskie "city" distinguished powerful defenses, monumental architecture, sophisticated communications systems. The whole territory of the fortified center is extremely saturated with details of planning, it is very compact and well thought out. From the point of view of the organization of space in front of us is not even a city, and a sverhgorod.
Fortified center of the Southern Urals ancient Homeric Troy for five or six centuries. They are contemporaries of the first dynasty of Babylon, the pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and the Cretan-Mycenaean culture in the Mediterranean. During their existence is consistent with recent centuries the famous civilization of India — Mahendzho-daro and Harappa.
In 2005, Putin visited the Arch.
Site Museum arch:
In Ukraine, in Tripoli found the remains of age is the same as Arkaim let.On about five thousand five hundred years older than the civilization of Mesopotamia — Sumer!
In the late 90's far from Rostov-on-Don in the town of Tanais were found city-settlement can be difficult to name even scientists. Age ranges from ten to thirty thousand years. Last century traveler Thor Heyerdahl believed that there, from Tanais came to Scandinavia Scandinavian entire pantheon of the gods, led by Odin.
On the Kola Peninsula found the inscription written in Sanskrit, which 20,000 years. A match with Sanskrit only Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, and also the Baltic languages. Draw conclusions.
The results of the expedition to the place of the capital city of the ancient Slavic Kiyara to Elbrus. There were five expeditions in 1851,1881,1914, 2001 and 2002. In 2001, an expedition led by A.Alekseev, and in 2002 the expedition was conducted under the auspices of the State Astronomical Institute named Stenberg (SAI), curated by the director of the Institute Anatoly Cherepashchuk. Based on data derived from topographic, geodesic research areas, fixing astronomical events , the expedition made the preliminary findings, fully consistent with the results of the expedition in 2001, as a result of which in March 2002. delivered at the meeting of the Astronomical Society of the State Astronomical Institute in the presence of members of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology of the International Astronomical obschestva.i State Historical Museum. Also gave a report on the conference on early civilizations, in St. Petersburg. What specifically found Karakaya issledovateli.U mountains in rocky ridge at an altitude of 3646 meters above sea level, between the villages of Upper and Chegem Bezengi on the east side of Elbrus, found traces of the capital city Ruskolani Kiyar that existed long before the birth of Christ, which is mentioned in many legends and epics of different peoples of the world and the oldest astronomical observatory — Temple of the Sun, described the ancient historian Al Masudi in his books just as the Temple of Solntsa.Mestopolozhenie found exactly coincides with the directions of the ancient city location istochnikov.Pozzhe confirmed XVII century Turkish traveler Evliey Chelebi.Na Mount Karakaya found the remains of ancient temples, caves and mogily.Obnaruzheno incredible amount of settlements, the ruins of the temples, and it is very much preserved well enough. In the valley, near the foot of Karak Plateau Bechesyn found menhirs — high man-made stones like wooden pagan idols. On one of the stone pillars carved knight face looking straight east. And for menhir visible bell hill. This Tuzuluk ("Treasury of the Sun"). At its top is really see the ruins of the ancient sanctuary of the sun. At the top of the hill is round, marking the high point. Then three large rocks exposed manual processing. Once they cut through the gap, from north to south. There were also stones, laid out, as a sector in the zodiac calendar. Each sector — exactly 30 degrees. Each part of the temple complex meant for calendar and astrological calculations. In this it is similar to the South Ural city-temple Arkaim with a similar structure of the zodiac, the same division into 12 sectors. Also, it is like and Stonehenge Stonehenge in Velikobritanii.So it brings, first, that the axis of the temple is also oriented north-south, and secondly, one of the most important distinguishing features is the availability of Stonehenge in the distance from the sanctuary so-called 'Heel Stone ". But even in the sanctuary of the Sun on the set benchmark Tuzuluke-mengir.Est evidence that at the turn of our era temple plundered Bosporan king Farnak. Finally the temple was destroyed in AD IV Goths and Huns. There are even the size of the temple, and 60 cubits (about 20 meters) long, 20 (6.8 meters) wide and 15 (10 meters) high, and the number of windows and doors — 12 Total marks Zodiaka.V result of first expedition, there is every reason to believe that the stones on top of the mountain is the foundation of the temple of brine Sun. Mount brine — the right grassy cone height of about 40 meters. The slopes of the climb to the top at an angle of 45 degrees, which actually corresponds to the latitude of the place and, therefore, looking along it you can see the North Star. The axis of the foundation of the temple is 30 degrees to the direction of the eastern peak of Elbrus. The same 30 degrees is the distance between the axis of the church and the direction to menhir, and the direction of the pass and menhir Shawki. Given that 30 degrees — 1/12 of the circle — the relevant calendar month, it is not a coincidence. Azimuths of sunrise and sunset during the summer and winter solstices differ by only 1.5 degrees from the direction to the top Kandzhal, the "gates" of the two hills at the back pasture, and the mountain of Mount Dzhaurgen Tashly-Sirt. There is speculation that the menhir served in the Temple of the Sun Heel Stone, by analogy with Stonehenge, and helped to predict solar and lunar eclipses. Thus, the mountain is linked to the four brine naturally navigate by the sun and is linked to the East Elbrus. Height is about 40 meters, the diameter of the base — about 150 meters. This is an area comparable to the size of Egyptian pyramids and other religious sooruzheniy.Krome order to pass Kayaeshik found two square towering tour. One of them is strictly on the axis of the temple. Here, the pass is the foundation structures, city valy.Krome, in the central part of the Caucasus, in the northern foothills of Mount Elbrus, in the late 70's and early 80's of the XX century was discovered an ancient center of steel production, the remains of smelting furnaces, settlements and burial grounds. Summing up the work of the expeditions of the 1980s and 2001, and discovered a concentration within a few kilometers of traces of ancient metallurgy, coal deposits, silver, iron, and astronomical, religious and other archaeological objects, we can assume with great certainty the opening of one of the most ancient cultural and administrative centers of the Slavs in the Elbrus region. During expeditions in 1851 and 1914, archaeologists PG Akritas surveyed the ruins of the Temple of the Sun Scythian on the eastern slopes of Beshtau. The results of further excavations of svyanilischa were published in 1914 in "Notes of the Rostov-on-Don, the historical society." There has been described a huge stone "in the form of the Scythian cap", mounted on three foundations, as well as the domed cave. And the beginning of large-scale excavations in Pyatigorye put dore * Revolutionary famous archaeologist DY Samokvasov who described 44 of the mound near the town of Pyatigorsk in 1881 godu.V Later, after the revolution, were examined only a few mounds, on the site held only initial exploration archaeologists EI Krupnov, VA Kuznetsov, GE Runich, EP Alekseeva, SJ Baichorov, HH Bidzhievym and others.