Hyperboreans — the descendants of the Titans, witnesses and participants titanomachy. Indicative of this is the ancient authors, «Hyperboreans were titanic origin … they are adults of blood were before the Titans.» Recall the sea near Kronidskim Hyperborea was called by the name of the head of the «party» Titans Crown — the father of Zeus. Yes, and the Crone, apart from the later version of the overthrow proolimpiyskoy to Tartarus, continued to dominate in the Islands of the Blest, a little different from the earthly paradise, and again located at a latitude of Hyperborea. Life on the island of the blessed, as it appeared, and was described by ancient authors, almost identical to the descriptions of life Hyperboreans.
As has been mentioned, among Titans — masters of northern Eurasia — was and Iapetus (Iapetus), which became the prototype of the Biblical Japhet, from whose son — Mosoha (Mosha, Mosca) Muscovites took place — residents of Moscow and Muscovy. In ancient tradition, this is called the era of the Titans «Golden Age» — the kingdom of happiness, kindness, justice and abundance. The Russian people the memory of the golden age is preserved in the form of a fabulous way of the Golden Kingdom — a source of wealth and prosperity.
Apollo — the classic Solntsebog. Its space-star is also due to the nature and origin. Summer’s mother gave birth to her son on the island solntsenosnogo Asteria, meaning «star.» Aster (Star) was called and sister Summer. There is a theory that the cult of Apollo was re-recorded in the Mediterranean in the days of ancient Rome. This cult of Proto Indo-European tribes brought Solntseboga Wends who founded and gave their name to the modern city of Venice and Vienna.
History and secure Olympic cults also fully confirms the thesis put forward. One of the later ancient historians and writers Pausanias (II century AD.) In his famous work «Description of Greece» (X, 5, 4-10) gives the following details of the amazing appearance of one of the main temples of ancient Greece — Temple of Apollo at Delphi . First appeared here Hyperboreans in them was the future first Delphic priest, he, on the «strange coincidence,» was the name of the Slavic-Russian Olen [b].
Incidentally, the name of the founder of Greek tribes and united people — Allyn is also a form of Indo gretsizirovannuyu word «deer» and close to him, within the meaning and origin of the word «deer». Olen [b] — giperboreets and his companions were sent to Delphi Apollo. This suggests the silly conclusion that he (the future), God was at that time far away — probably in Hyperborea, from left the embassy. Becoming a prophet and soothsayer, Olen [b] erected the first temple at Delphi: first wooden shack-like — wrote Pausanias (the model made of wax and feathers, Apollo subsequently send a gift in Hyperborea), and only after a long time, after many fires and destruction that have built a stone church, pitiful remains of which have survived to this day.
Latona — Latinized name she-titans Leto, mother of the twins Apollo and Artemis, the only titanium tribe, later admitted to Olympus. Summer is the name of the entire history of the birth of her children — and more proof of the Hyperborean roots of ancient Greek mythology, and its close ties with the views of other people having origins Hyperboreans. First, the summer — and the daughter of the Titans Phoebe Coy, and the habitat of the Titans — North (Diodorus of Sicily clearly indicates that the birthplace of Summer — a Hyperborea). Second, the summer — not just the name of Greek demigoddesses, but also native Russian word «summer», meaning the year (hence the same «letb» — a synonym of the time). The foundation of the word — Indo. Its sense of meanings: including — season between spring and autumn, but the time of the year, corresponding to the continuous sunny day in the polar regions. Belonging to the northern concept of «summer» also points to the fact that the alternation of consonants «m» and «e» (or «t» can be seen as a muffled «e») is obtained by the «ice.»
But that’s not all. The root of «years» is the basis for a whole family of words and concepts with a sense of «fly.» Again, an analogy with the Hyperboreans as flying people. Lucian inscription, flying hyperborean magician who visited Hellas: in front of astonished spectators, he flew through the air, walked on the water and walked slowly passed through ogon42. Flying was herself she-titans Summer, when pursued by a jealous hero rushed to the borders of Hyperborea around the world to seek refuge wherever she could be relieved from the burden. She had found a place on the island of Delos, which subsequently arose the sanctuary of Apollo, where the Hyperboreans constantly send their gifts. Flying, of course, were children Summer Latona — Artemis and Apollo. Solntsebog Hyperborean Apollo is often depicted flying to his home in a chariot drawn by swans, or «unit» with swan wings.
A. Pindar directly calls Hyperboreans «servants of Apollo» (Pind. Ol. 3. 16-17). Generally, in the representation of the image of the Greeks Apollo has undergone significant changes. Seemingly Solntsebog has always been a wonderful support, translating it into their own form, poetry, and music. But no! Enough to compare with the classical image of Apollo archaic, more than far from perfect (with habitually traditional point of view). The figure of Hercules and Apollo fight, perhaps going back to their past hyperborean, probably closer to the primitive petroglyphs than to the classical models. Noteworthy also totem attributes: snake and fungus found in most ancient cultures — from Siberia to South America — a phallic significance.
Swan — the symbol of Hyperborea. Fork sea gods — the son of Gaia, the Earth and the prototype of the Russian sea king married a she-titans Keto. Their six daughters born to Hyperborean limits. Originally, they were worshiped as beautiful Swan Maiden (only much later, for ideological reasons, they were turned into hideous monsters — Gry and Gorgon). Discrediting the Gorgon was the same way, and apparently for the same reasons as the attribution of opposite signs and negative meanings in the decay of the total Indo-Iranian pantheon into separate religious systems as «Devi» and «Ahura» (light divine beings) become » devas’ and ‘asuras’ — evil demons and bloodthirsty werewolves. It’s a global tradition inherent in any and all times, nations, religions. The demonization of political opponents has recently performed in Russia effective ideological struggle. How else to explain the transformation of Stalin’s former associates in the party in the scum of the human race, which immediately led to their physical destruction? What to speak of the antiquity!
Apparently, before the migration to the South protoellinskih tribes have their part has shifted to new ideals and values. Especially clearly demonstrated by the example of the most famous of the three Gorgons — mead (Medusa). Like many other well-known names of mythological characters, mead — a nickname meaning «the lady», «lady». The daughter of the Sea King Fork, beloved ruler of the waves of Poseidon — prekrasnolikaya Swan Maiden mead was ruled over the people of the northern lands and seas (in the words of Hesiod, «near the end of limits Night»). But in terms of power relations prevailing matriarchal not uzhilas with Wisdom: rival mead was Athena. Meager fragments of ancient legends are used to recover only a general outline of the unfolding tragedii43. Do not share the power of Hyperborea two maiden warrior. The fight was fierce — a life and death struggle. The first act was the transformation of the annihilation of the opponent beautiful swan princess mead into a hideous monster with boar tusks, hair of snakes and gaze turns all living things to stone. This act symbolizes the likely split protoellinskogo ethnic and ideological unity and spin-off of that part of the future founders of the great ancient civilizations that, perhaps under the influence of a natural disaster, and under the leadership and patronage of the Virgin Athena moved from the North to the South and within the life of not one generation reached the Balkans, where, erecting a temple dedicated to Athena, founded the city, which still bears her name.
But women’s revenge knows no bounds. Athena was not enough to destroy the moral mead — her head and took another rival. That is why, after some time, it sends back to Hyperborea, his half-brother Perseus and, according to many, she accompanies him. Fraudulently Perseus and Athena together dealt with the unfortunate mead: at the instigation of Pallas the son of Zeus and Danae cut off the Gorgon’s head, and stripped off her rival Athena skin and pulled on his shield, which had been placed in the center of the image of the head unhappy Sea maiden. Since then, the board Athens is called «gorgonion.»
Face of mead was also graced aegis (armor or cloak) worn by Zeus, Apollo and Athena is the same.
Unrestrained brutality Olympic Gods was extremely sophisticated, but must reflect the most common behaviors that distant era. After the canonization of Olympians in memory of succeeding generations of bloodthirsty elements like erased. Mellifluous and poeticised considered nickname Athens — Pallas. And few remember that it was received on the battlefield, where a ruthless warrior Maiden live flay giant Pallas (Pallas), for which he was awarded the Athena look so poetic epiklesa (nickname) — Pallas. Knackery resorted to exercise and other Olympians. Notoriously punishment suffered by Apollo Phrygian Marcia, you dare to compete with Solntsebogom to play the flute: a rival was also skinned alive. Symbol defeated mead in the following centuries to the Greeks continued to play a magical role. Her images are often placed on the gables and carved stone slabs in the temples.
From the point of view of archeology interest is the foundation and root name mead. The word «honey» in the sense of sweet delicacies produced by bees from the nectar equally heard in many Indo-European languages. Moreover, similar in sound for words meaning «honey», found in the Finno-Ugric, Chinese and Japanese. Perhaps, it is permissible to speak of totemic meaning «honey» or «bee» for a pre-Indo-ethnic community. (As for the names of the «metal», «copper», the full range of concepts associated with the words «medicine», «medium», «meditation», «weather», «method», etc., names of Medea and Midas, the people Medes and the country of Media, and Mitani, all of them linked to the common ancient root basis of «honey.») Thus, in the phrase Gorgon mead appear the four Russian roots, «mountains», «dash», «honey», «whisker» («bonds»). Two of them lead us to the memories of the Mistress of Copper Mountain, and the mountain nature Gorgon leads to a possible reading (or interpretation): Goryn Gorynishna, although the Indo-European root semantics framework «mountains» («gar») is many-valued, and in the Russian language formed a bouquet of meanings, «burn», «mountain», «bitter», «proud», «neck», «city», «hump», etc.
The memory of the Gorgon mead peoples, in all times living in the territory of Russia, has never been interrupted. Zmeenogaya Virgin Goddess, who along with Hercules was considered by the Greeks ancestor Scythian tribe, neither more nor less than a transformed image of mead. The best proof for this is not a free adaptation of myths Herodot «History», and the original image, the excavated mounds.
Similar faces zmeenogih virgins in a traditional Russian Sirin met until recently, also on the pediments and architraves northern peasant huts. One of these is decorated with carved images of folk art department of the State Russian Museum (St. Petersburg).
In Russian culture survived and mead was another image: the painting Lubkov BBC XVIII century, it appears as Meluza (Melusine) — literally «small» (see Glossary Dal): vocalization of words with the replacement of consonants produced by the type of national rethinking of foreign words «microscope» and turning it into the Russian dialects in «tinyscope.» Uniquely associated in the popular conception of the world with the sea, Russian mead-Meluza turned into fairy fish, not lost, however, neither the human nor the monstrous devil: the print style is depicted as a regal maiden with a crown on his head, and instead of serpentine hair from her legs and tail, turned into snakes. Nothing in the way of fish Meluzy Russian-mead virtually no — it just surround fish, indicating the marine environment. It seems that the Russian visual version is much closer to the original archetype doellinskomu beautiful Princess of the Sea, which is in the process of Olympic religious upheaval was turned into a miracle-Judaic. The memory of the ancient Hellenic Slavic mead was preserved in medieval legends about the Virgin Gorgon. According to Slavic legend, she knew the language of all animals. Later in the apocryphal writings Gorgon female image became a «beast Gorgon»: its function is largely remain the same: he guards the entrance to heaven (that is, in other words, is the guardian of the passage to the Islands of the Blessed).
In a somewhat different guise and with other functions is presented in the mead was a famous ancient amulet «coils». Magical character’s head mead was shown to diverge from it in all directions, snakes, there is no doubt, his defensively-oberegatelnoe purpose is the same as on the shield of Pallas Athena or the aegis of Zeus. (Preserved to this day cultural studies idiom «under the auspices» essentially its original sense means «under the protection of the Gorgon mead.») Is significant and what is the secret esoteric meaning doellinskih Hyperborean and beliefs live on Russian amulets almost to the present day: the exact dating of even later findings is extremely difficult. In the Christian era the ineradicable belief in the magical power and efficacy of face mead was offset by the fact that on the back of the locket with her picture placed reliefs Christian saints — the Virgin Mary, Archangel Michael, Cosmas and Damian, etc.
Until now, however, is not given any satisfactory explanation for the origin and destination of the Russian «coils». The modern reader of these little is known: in the last half-century — with a few exceptions — is published reproduction of the same medallion, however, the most famous — once belonged to Grand Prince Vladimir Monomakh, lost his hunting accident and found only in the last century . In fact, «coil» (including the Byzantine origin) is known, described and published mnozhestvo44. And each of them is looking at us a magical view of the Virgin protectress Gorgon mead, which is a taboo totem.
The image of the swan maidens Gorgon mead reveals the most typical features of the totemic symbolism — Heritage almost inaccessible depths of human history, which has remained to this day, according to the unwritten laws of the transmission of traditions and beliefs from generation to generation. Gone for Hyperborean times — alive, but born of the characters. Among them — the Swan — one of the most celebrated Russian people, birds. Together with a falcon, he became almost a personification of Russia. And not only incarnate. According to the Byzantine historian of the tenth century, the Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus, the very area where the ancient Russ lived, was known as quinoa. Later it gave the right to name the new Velimir Russia «Swan future.» Similarly, the Slavo-Scythians described by Herodotus, were called «Chipped» that is, «with [a] Stitches» — from the Russian word for «falcon». In the transfer of Arab geographers, who described our ancestors long before the introduction of Christianity, they sounded almost self-Herodotus’ Sakaliba «(» Falcons «). Hence the famous «Saks» — one of the names of the Slavic-Scythian — «wanderers» nomads.
Why exactly why Swan and Falcon — two very different birds, with each other who are in ceaseless struggle? Falcon attacks, pursues, Swan saved, protected. But is it? Not at all! In Pushkin’s «The Tale of Tsar Saltan», entirely built on images and plots of Russian folklore, the Swan-Bird finishes and drowns villain kite. In national symbolism kite — Person of the falcon, and all the birds of prey are one. In «Zadonshchina» — a word Zephaniah-Ryazantsev falcons, merlin, hawks collectively represent warriors Dmitry Donskoy and listed separated by commas: «Uzho bo those falcon and merlin, hawks belozerskyya GREYHOUND for Don flew and hit a herd of many goose and swan» (a little were once more and the Eagles). Then it repeats Alexander Blok: «Over Fiend camp, as it did, / / And the splash and pipe swans.» Swan is also largely a collective character. In Russian folklore generally considered normal undifferentiated image of «geese». In «Zadonshchina» they were imposed on the Mamaev horde. Historically, this is understandable: ptitsezverinaya similar symbolism is prevalent.
Where did it come from? Like other «eternal images», Russian and Russian Swan falcon — a legacy of the ancient beliefs and customs of human prehistory, when humanity itself, and its proto prakultura were neraschleneny, but instead a modern palette of people was peace totem totem totem of thought and affection. In those days people did not separate themselves from nature, seen in animals and plants of their own kind — the defenders and allies