In recent years, we broke out the interest in the ancient history of our ancestors — the Slavs, their beliefs and culture. There were many publications Pestryaev such phrases as Russian Veda Slavic arias, etc. Many are attempting to linguistic and cultural parallels with India and find out who influenced whom.
Indeed, the similarities are many, and I will give the brightest of them. Of the vast family of Indo-European languages are most similar to each other Russian and Sanskrit (ancient Indian language), and there is an amazing similarity of pre-Christian cults of the ancient Slavs and Aryans religion — Hinduism. Both books are called Vedic knowledge. Lead — is the third letter of the Russian alphabet (AZ, Buki, Lead …). Interestingly, even the national currency of the two countries seem called. We — Dollars, they have — rupees.
Perhaps the most surprising — it is the information in the two traditions of certain land in the far north, which is in the European tradition called Hyperborea. In his Centuries Michel Nostradamus called Russian "people gipreboreyskim" that is, who came from the far north. In ancient Russian sources "Book of Veles" also refers to the outcome of our ancestors from the far north in the period of about 20 thousand BC. e. due to the cold snap, caused by some cataclysm. For many of the descriptions it appears that the climate in the north used to be different, as also reflected in the fossil finds of tropical plants in the northern latitudes.
MV Lomonosov in his geological work "On the layers of the earth" wondered where in the far north of Russia "took so many ivory extreme values in the places to life … they are not comfortable." One of the ancients — Pliny the Elder wrote about the Hyperboreans as a real ancient people who lived near the Arctic Circle, and genetically associated with the cult of the Greeks over the Hyperborean Apollo. In his "Natural History» (IV, 26) literally says: "This country is all in the sun, with the soothing climate, there are unknown and all the contentions of the disease …". It is a place in Russian folklore was called Sunflower empire. Word of the Arctic (Arctida) comes from the Sanskrit root Arch — Sun. Recent studies in the north of Scotland have shown that even 4,000 years ago the climate at a given latitude was comparable with the Mediterranean and there were many heat-loving animals. Russian oceanographers and paleontologists also found that in the 30-15 thousand BC. e. Arctic climate was mild enough. Academician AF Treshnikov concluded that underwater rock formations — Lomonosov and Mendeleyev ridges — another 10-20 thousand years ago, towered above the Arctic Ocean, and there was a temperate climate zone.
There is also a map of the famous medieval cartographer Gerard Mercator, dated 1569 year, which Hyperborea displayed in a huge arctic continent of four islands with the highest mountain in the middle. This universal mount is described in the Hellenic myths (Olympus) and in the Indian epic (Meru). The credibility of this card is not in doubt, because there is depicted the strait between Asia and America, which opened Semyon Dezhnev only in 1648, and became known as the name of Bering only in 1728 is obvious that this card makes for some something unknown to ancient sources. Some Russian scientists, in the Arctic Ocean there is indeed a seamount, almost reaching the ice cap. Scientists suggest that it, like the aforementioned ranges, plunged into the depths of the sea recently. Hyperborea also marked on the map of the French mathematician, astronomer and geographer O. Phineus in 1531. In addition, it is shown in a Spanish card late XVI century, kept in the National Library of Madrid.
This extinct ancient land mentioned in the epics and tales of the northern peoples. About traveling in Sunflower Kingdom (Hyperborea) tells the tale of an ancient collection of folklore PN Rybnikov:
"He flew into the kingdom in the sun,
Eagle aircraft gets off (!)
And he began to drop in the kingdom,
SUNFLOWER by truant. "
It is interesting that this "eagle aircraft" is the screw and fixed-wing "flying bird and flap its wings."
Indian scientist, Dr. GangadharTilak in his "Arctic home in the Vedas," quotes from ancient sources (Rig Veda), which read that the "constellation" seven sages "(Big Dipper) is right above us." If a person is in India, according to astronomy, the Big Dipper is visible just above the horizon. The only place where it is directly overhead — is the area of the Arctic Circle. So, the characters "Rig Veda" lived in the north? It is difficult to imagine Indian sages sitting in the middle of the snow drifts in the far north, but if you raise the sunken islands and change the biosphere (see above), then the description of the "Rig-Veda" make sense. Probably, at the time the Vedas and Vedic culture were the property of not only India but many nations.
According to some linguists, the Sanskrit name of Mount Meru (located in the center of Hyperborea) is a Russian word world with three major senses — the universe, people, harmony. This is very similar to the truth, because according to Indian cosmology, Mount Meru on the metaphysical plane of existence pervades the poles of the Earth and is the invisible axis around which a world of men, although physically the mountain (aka Olympus) is not manifested.
Thus, cross-sectional analysis of different cultures indicates the existence in the recent past advanced civilization in the north, which has disappeared under mysterious circumstances. Inhabited the land of those who have praised the gods (the universal hierarchy) and is therefore called the Slavs. One of their ancestors they believed the Sun God (Jaro, Yarilo) and were therefore Jaro-Fame. Another common term in connection with the Slavs — is Arius. The word Aryan in Sanskrit means:
- "Knowing the higher values of life."
Usually they are called the upper classes of society in ancient Vedic India. How the term has migrated to the Slavs is not entirely clear, but some researchers see the connection of this word with the name of the divine ancestor of the Slavs — Yar.
In the "Book of Veles" states that it is the Yar after the cold snap brought the surviving tribes of the far north of the Slavs in the area of modern Urals, where they then went to the south and reached Penzhi (State of Punjab in India today). From there they were later brought to the territory of Eastern Europe Indian captain Jarun. In the ancient Indian epic "Mahabharata" the story also mentioned and Yarun called his Indian name — Arjuna. By the way, Arjuna literally means "Silver Light" and resonates with the Latin Argentum (Silver). It is possible that another interpretation of the word Aryan as "white man" also goes back to this root AP (Yar). I will end on this brief excursion into the historical parallels. For those interested in this topic in more detail, I recommend you check out the book by Demina "Mysteries of the Russian North", NR Guseva "Russian through the Millennium" (Arctic theory), "The Book of Veles" with translation and explanations A . I. aces.
Now we talk about the philosophical and cultural similarities. As you know, all ancient cultures were based on the understanding that people are dependent on external forces that have their personification (Deity). Ritual Culture consists of certain ceremonies that bind to a source requesting a particular energy (rain, wind, heat, etc.). All peoples have the notion that these deities, though in the higher regions of space, thanks to the power of man can hear requests and respond to them. Below I provide a table of names of deity worshiped in Russia and India.
|Ancient Russia||India||The principles of the Godhead|
|Trig — Heads (three main deities);
|Vishnu — maintenance
Brahma — creation
Shiva — Destruction
|Mara (The Pit)||Mara (The Pit)||Death (V = Mary died)|
|Varuna||Varuna||Patron of water|
|Kryshen||Krishna||Wisdom and love|
|Rada||Radha||Goddess of Love|
These are just the names of those in which there is a complete or partial match, but there are also many different names and functions. After such (though not complete) list of Deities, naturally arises the idea of paganism of ancient beliefs Russia and India.
However, this is a hasty and superficial conclusion. Despite this abundance of deities, there is a clear hierarchy that is built into the pyramid of power, on top of which is the ultimate source of all (Vishny or Vishnu). Others simply represent His authority as ministers and deputies. The President, being in the singular, is presented through an extensive system. In the "Book of Veles" so it is said, "There is misguided to count the gods, so sharing Svarga (Supreme Peace). But is Vyshen, Svarog and other — are set? After all, God is one and set. And let no one shares of the set does not say that we have many gods. " (Krynica, 9). Paganism in Russia, too, was, but later, when forgotten the Most High and reporting hierarchy violated.
Also, our ancestors believed that reality is divided into three levels of rights, Jav and Nav. Gov world — a world where everything is correct, or the perfect Upper World. Reveal the world — it is our manifest, obvious human world. World Navi (non-Manifest) — is negative, unrevealed, lower world.
The Indian Vedas also says that there are three worlds — the upper world, which is dominated by the goodness, the average world, impassioned, and the lower world, steeped in ignorance. This gives a similar understanding of the world and a similar motivation in life — to seek a world of rules or of goodness. And in order to get into the world of law, it is necessary to do it right, that is the law of God. Typically occurs from the root words such as the right, yes (that gives the right), Y-rights-tion, IP-rights-tion, Government. That is, the point is that the basis of this control should be based on the concept of Rights (Supreme Reality) and the present administration should spiritually uplift those who follow the king, leading his team the paths are right.
Following similarities in the spiritual realm — a recognition of God's presence in your heart. The year before last article, I described how this concept is described in the Indian source "Bhagavad-Gita." In Slavic idea that understanding is given by the word "conscience." Literally "of conscience" means "according to the news, with the news." "News" — is a message or Veda. Life according to the West (Veda), coming from God in his heart as the information field, this is the "conscience." When a person comes into conflict with the unwritten laws emanating from God, it conflicts with God himself suffers from disharmony in the heart.
It is well known that the Indian Vedas proclaim the eternal nature of the soul, which can exist in different bodies, both higher and lower. In the ancient Russian sources "Veles book" (the VC) also says that the souls of the righteous after death go to Svarga (Upper World), where Perunitsa (wife of Perun) watered their living water — Amrita, and they remain in the kingdom of heaven Perun (Yar — the forefather of the Aryans). But those who neglect their duty, destined in the lower forms of life. It is said Perun in the VC: "Will the stinking pigs."
In traditional Indian society, meeting, people greeted each other, remembering God. For example, "Om Namo Narayanaya" ("Thank God"). Are very interesting in this regard, the memories of Yuri Mirolyubova, born at the end of XIX century in a village in the Rostov region in southern Russia. My grandmother was a strict follower of Mirolyubova ancient Slavic culture, and from her he learned a lot about the traditions of their ancestors. In addition, he studied for a long time the ancient Slavic folklore and carry out comparative study of cultures of Russia and India. The fruit of this research was two-volume monograph "Sacred Russia». So, according to Yu Mirolyubova, in the early twentieth century in the village where he lived, people greet each other by saying, "Glory to the Most High! Glory ROOF! Jaro glory! Kolyada glory! "
In both traditions speak of the divine origin of the food. In Russia, this relationship was seen in terms of a chain-like bread Sheaf-Svarog. Svarog (who bungled the world) provides the seed from which grows herbs and grasses. Threshed grains, tied in bundles of grain and baked bread. The first loaf from the new harvest sheaf offered as a symbolic way of Svarog and then this blessed loaf handed over a piece of a sacrament. Hence the careful attitude to bread as God's gift.
The Indian source "Bhagavad-Gita" (3. 14-15) also states that "All living things are fed grains that grow out of the ground, fed by the rains. The rains are born out of the performance of rituals, and rituals described in the Vedas. The Vedas are also the breath of the Almighty. " Thus, people depend on God even in nutrition.
By the way, both in India and in Russia before the meal was supposed to bless the food. This is sort of an expression of gratitude to God for support. These offerings or sacrifices were strictly vegetarian, bloodless. That's what the chapter "Troyan century" in the VC: "The gods do not take Russian victims of human and animal life, only fruits, vegetables, flowers, grains, milk, Pitney Surya (kvass) and honey, and never live poultry, and fish. This Vikings and Greeks make a sacrifice to the gods, and other terrible — human. " That is, in Russia there was a limit on the consumption of meat, as well as in India. In the "Bhagavad-Gita" (9. 26) Krishna also says only about vegetarian offerings: "Offer me a leaf, flower, fruit or water with love and devotion, and I will accept it." In both India and Russia adopted the worship of the sun three times a day — at dawn, noon, and sunset. In India, the Brahmins — priests — still do this by reading a special mantra Gayatri. In Russian, the name of the Sun God — Surya now have only the name of the solar paint colors — ocher. Also earlier in Russia called kvass Surits because it insisted on the sun.
We all remember from Russian fairy tales, "Fairy Kingdom", but who knows what this unusual definition? Indian Vedas explanation of the term. According to Indian astrology, except for the 12 major signs of the zodiac is even more remote from the land now of the 27 constellations. These 27 constellations are divided into 3 groups of 9 each. The first group refers to the "divine", the second — to the "human" and the third — the "demonic." Depending on which of these constellations was the moon at the time of birth of a person is determined by the general orientation of a person in his life — he tends to sublime goals, more down to earth, or prone to breakage. But the image of the "Far Far Away (3 x 9) of the kingdom" is either a metaphor pointing to distant lands, or just talks about interstellar travel, which are described in the Indian Vedas as a real opportunity for the person at the time. By the way, in both traditions Milky Way is considered by the supreme planet of the world, where the creator of the cosmos Brahma (Svarog). A North Star was considered both in India and in Russia, "the throne of God." This is sort of the Embassy of the spiritual world in our universe. Indeed, the position of the North Star is unusual. This is the only fixed star and because it is guided navigation on it.
Known for Russian fairy tales snake Dragon also find their explanation in the Indian Vedas. It describes the many-domed fire-breathing snakes that live in the lower planets of the cosmos. The presence of these characters in the ancient Slavic tales indicates that our ancestors had access to more remote areas than we are now.
Following parallel may be a little shocking. It is a symbol of swastika. In the minds of modern Western man that character inevitably associated with fascism. However, even a hundred years ago there was a swastika on the banknotes of Russia! (See photo). This means that this symbol was considered favorable. On state bank notes will not print horrible. Sleeve emblem of the Red Army in South-Eastern Front in 1918 was decorated with a swastika acronym for the Russian Federation. This character is often found in ancient Slavic ornaments decorating the home and clothes. Found by archaeologists in 1986 in the southern Urals ancient city Arkaim also has the structure of a swastika. In Sanskrit, "swastika" literally means "a symbol of pure being and prosperity." In India, Tibet and China, swastikas adorn the dome and the gate of the temple. The fact that the swastika — an objective swastika symbol and archetype played at all levels of the universe. Confirmation of this — follow the migration of cells and cell layers, in which the structure of fixed micro-shaped swastika. Has the same structure and our galaxy — the Milky Way. Hitler hoped that the swastika and bring good luck to him, but because of his deeds, he moved clearly toward the right (right-hand direction of the swastika), it took him only to self-destruction.
Surprisingly, even the specific knowledge of the subtle energy centers of our body — the chakras, which is contained in the Indian "Patanjali Yoga Sutra," was known in Russia. The seven chakras, which have their rough incarnation in the form of glands of the endocrine system, are a kind of "buttons" to which the subtle body "buckle up" to the physical. Naturally, they were called in Russia is more familiar to us with the words: born, stomach, fiercely (solar plexus), heart, throat, brow and a spring.
Similar in both traditions was time calculation. First, the year started, as expected, in the spring (March-April), which corresponds to the passage of the sun through the first sign of the zodiac — Aries and marks the awakening of nature after winter. Even today the names of some months, literally reflect the old order. For example, September comes from the Sanskrit Sapta — seven. That is, before September was considered the seventh month. October (Octo — eight). November (canskritskoe Nava — nine). December (Sanskrit Das — ten). Indeed, the decade — is ten. Then in December — is the tenth month, and not twelve. Second, both in India and in Russia, there were six seasons of two months, instead of four to three. This is logic. For though March and May are considered spring, they are quite different and a more detailed breakdown of the year into six seasons more accurately reflects reality.
During the time it was considered a cyclical rather than linear, as it is now. The longest cycle in India is considered a day of Brahma — the Creator (4mlrd. 320 million years), which is called the Day of Russia Svarog. Of course, such a long cycle it is difficult to trace, but given that the principles of the macrocosm and microcosm — general, we can observe the cyclical passage of time in a small scale (a day, a year, 12-year and 60-year cycles) and then extrapolated to the rule itself the idea of eternal time. No wonder the image of time in different traditions represented in the form of wheels, a snake biting its own tail, or as banal dial. All these images emphasize the idea of cycling. Just a large scale part of the circle may well seem a straight line and so short-sighted people today are quite happy restricted linear concept of time flow.
As for writing, then to the Cyrillic alphabet in Russia is very reminiscent of the Indian alphabet. As my grandmother says Yu Mirolyubova, "first drew the line of gods, and under it hooks fashioned." That's what writing Sanskrit. The idea is this: God — is the upper limit, and everything we do is in God.
The numbers that we use today and called Arab, were taken by the Arabs in India, as can be easily seen by looking at the numbering of the ancient Vedic texts.
Here is an example of the lexical similarity of Sanskrit and Russian:
Bhoga — God;
Matri — Mother;
Party — Dad (Father);
Bratri — Brother;
Jiva — Living;
Devarim — Door;
Dry — dry;
Hima — Winter;
Sneha — Snow;
Vasanta — Spring;
Swimming — Swim;
Priya — Pleasant;
Nava — New;
Light — Light;
Tama — Darkness;
Skanda (God of War) — Scandal;
Svakar — her father;
Dada — Uncle;
Fool — a fool;
Wack — blather (to say);
Adha — hell;
Radha — Joy;
Buddha — Wake;
Madhu — honey;
Madhuveda — Bear (charge of honey).
And an abundance of interesting place names (toponyms) Sanskrit origin in Russia. For example, the river Ganga and Padma in the Arkhangelsk region, Moksha and Kama in Mordovia. Tributaries of the Kama are Krishneva and Hareva. Indra — the lake in the Yekaterinburg region. Catfish — River near Vyatka. Maya — the city near Yakutsk, etc.
Thus, the historical, cultural and linguistic links Russia and India are obvious, but a common mistake — is to look for any man affected. Russian chauvinists in a wave of interest in the subject pushed the idea that the Aryans brought the Vedas to the wild territory of India with Russia. Historically, this speculation is easily refuted, and the students in this case were more talented teachers, because in India, this culture is preserved better than us. Vedic culture exists in India since ancient times, as evidenced by the excavations of the city of Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley. Easier to understand the connection between the two cultures through the adoption of a single proto-spiritual culture from which both get knowledge of civilization. Despite the vagueness of the intermediate stories due to disasters and migration, the initial origin of man and civilization is known — the spiritual reality. That is why we instinctively seek up to its roots. The Vedas speak of the existence of the higher, the ideal world, which is projected on the material nature of the moon reflected in the river, but this ideal image is distorted under the influence of ripples and waves (over time). From the beginning of creation there was a single civilization with common culture and language (all were unanimously). Under the influence of the universal law of entropy consciousness has become narrow, culture has become simpler, there were different-states (different languages) and now we can hardly find only remnants of the former community.