July 21-22 marks another 72-th anniversary of the formation of the Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian SSR. And the fact that this kind of education, as we know, is an unlimited amount of controversy. From the moment of Vilnius, Riga and Tallinn were first capitals of the 90 independent states, on the ground most of these countries do not cease arguing about, so that did in fact happened in the Baltic States in 1939-40: the peaceful and voluntary entry the Soviet Union, or it is it was a Russian anger, which resulted in a 50-year occupation.
Riga. Russian Army comes to Latvia
The words that the Russian government in 1939 agreed with the authorities of Nazi Germany (the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact) that the Baltic States should become Russian territory, has no year exaggerated in the Baltic states, and often allow certain forces to celebrate the victory. Russian «occupation» theme seems to be jammed into holes, but, referring to historical documents, it is possible to realize that the subject of the occupation — is a big soap bubble which certain forces brought to tremendous proportions. But, as you know, at least some, even the most beautiful bubble will burst at some point, sprinkling of the young man inflating his cool drops.
Thus, the Baltic politicians who hold the view that the accession of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to the Soviet Union in 1940, is considered the occupation, argue that if it were not included in the Baltic countries Russian troops, these countries were not simply are independent, but by the also declared their own neutrality. Such an outlook on the other as profoundly misleading to refer to hard. Neither Lithuania or Latvia or Estonia simply could not allow herself to declare its neutrality during the second World War, as did, for example, Switzerland, as the Baltic countries obviously do not have such financial instruments, what possessed the Swiss banks. Not enough of the economic characteristics of the Baltic States in the years 1938-1939 show that their government had no power to dispose of its sovereignty because they want. Here are a few examples.
Welcoming the Russian ships in Riga
The volume of industrial production in Latvia in 1938 was less than 56.5% of the production volume in 1913, when Latvia came into the Russian Empire. Shocking percentage of illiterate population of the Baltic countries in 1940. This percentage was about 31% of the population. More than 30% of children aged 6-11 years do not attend school, but instead they were required to work in the agricultural sector in order to participate, speak out because, in the economic support of the family. During the period from 1930 to 1940, only one Latvia was closed above 4,700 farms in connection with huge debts, which were driven to their «independent» owners. Another soft-spoken figure «development» in the Baltic independence period (1918-1940) is the number of workers employed in the construction of plants and, as if uttered at the moment, the housing stock. This number by 1930 in Latvia was 815 people … Before the eyes and get up 10’s high-rise buildings and going beyond the horizon alternating factories that built these tireless builders of 815 …
And it is under such economic indicators of the Baltic countries in 1940 someone sincerely believes in the fact that these countries could dictate terms to Nazi Germany, saying, that she left them alone because they themselves had declared neutrality.
If we consider the nuance that Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are independent and going to remain after July 1940, you can bring the data is not without interest for the adherents of the «Soviet occupation» of the idea of the document. July 16, 1941 Adolf Hitler holds a meeting about the upcoming 3-Baltic Republics. As a result, the decision was made: instead of 3 independent states (as is now trying to blow Baltic nationalists) to a territorial entity, part of Nazi Germany, which bears the title of Ostland. The administrative center of this formation has been chosen Riga. With all of this document was approved by the official language of Ostland — German (this is the issue that the German «liberators» have allowed three republics would develop along the path of independence and authenticity). On the territory of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were to be closed higher educational institutions and allowed to throw only trade schools. The German policy on population Ostland memorandum describes tongued minister of the eastern territories Third Reich. This memorandum that catchy, was adopted April 2, 1941 — before the creation of the Ostland. The memorandum has words that most of the population of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia is not suitable for Germanization, a charge will be relocation in Eastern Siberia. In June 1943, when Hitler was still harbored illusions about the successful end of the war against the Russian Union adopted a directive on the fact that the land will have to be Ostland fiefdoms of those soldiers who particularly distinguished themselves in the East. With all of this the owners of these lands among the Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians should or relocate to other areas or to use as a cheap labor force for the new lords of their own. Principle which was used in the Middle Ages, when knights received land in the conquered territories with the former owners of these lands.
After getting acquainted with the documents can only imagine how today’s Baltic ultra get the idea that Nazi Germany would have given their country’s independence.
Subsequent reason supporters of the idea of the «Soviet occupation» of the Baltic states is that, say, the entry of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to the Russian Union rejected these countries for a few years, the 10-s in their socio-economic development. And those words differently as misleading to refer to hard. During the period from 1940 to 1960 year in Latvia alone was built above the 2-10-s large industrial companies, which was not there in its history. By 1965, the volume of industrial production in the Baltic republics average rose more than 15 times in comparison with the level in 1939. According to Western economic research, the level of Russian investments in Latvia to the early 80’s was about 35 billion U.S. dollars. If you translate all this into the language of interest, it turns out that direct investment from Moscow amounted to almost 900% of the products made by the Latvia for the needs of both its own internal economy and the needs of the economy of the Union. That’s the occupation, when the «invaders» themselves handing out a lot of money to those who «occupy». Perhaps for such occupation, many countries even now could only dream. Greece won with pleasure would I wish that Mrs. Merkel, with its billion-dollar investments «occupied» to it, as they say, before the second coming of the Redeemer on earth.
Saeima welcomed the demonstrators
Another «occupation» a reason: referendums on accession of the Baltic States into the Soviet Union was held illegitimately. Allegedly, the Communists specially nominated only their lists, here for the Baltic States and their people actually voted unanimously under pressure. But if so, then it becomes quite clear why the streets of the Baltic Cities 10’s of thousands of people greeted the news with joy that they became a part of the Republic of the Union of Russian. Quite incomprehensible rough satisfaction Estonian parliament, when in July 1940 , they learned that Estonia has become the latest Russian Republic. Well, if you do not lusted Baits come under the protection of Moscow, and it is unclear why the authorities 3 states have not arrived in the Finnish example and showed no real Moscow Baltic fig.
In general, the saga of the «Soviet occupation» Baltic states, which continue to write intrigued by a person is very much like one of the sections of the book entitled «untruthful tales of the world.»
Soldiers on the show dedicated to the Russian annexation of Latvia
Riga. Workers celebrate the Soviet annexation of Latvia
Welcoming delegates to the Duma in the Estonian Tallinn after the annexation of Estonia’s Russian Union
The meeting in Tallinn
Rally in honor of Russian annexation of Estonia