Dictionary of russian mythical maidens

May 7, 2012 5:58


Aris FIELD — Being in Slavic mythology. The girl, a witch turned into a beast and regains human form three days a week to nourish your baby. Husband Aris field witch stole a magic item that allowed end these cycles of «lycanthropy.»


WHITE SNAKE — The personification of the summer, white, ie illuminated by the sun, clouds, and so in the tradition is in close connection with another embodiment of the rain clouds — a white wife: and she and the other guard the living water, and white wives often take on the image of the snake.

Taste the meat white snake — the same as the drink of the water of wisdom and hear the prophetic words of thunder birds and animals.

WHITE women and maidens — Beautiful water nymph (ie rainwater sources) being in the summer in the lung tissues of white cloud, illuminated by the bright rays of the sun in the winter months, they are dressed in black, mourning veils and exposed the evil charm.

They are condemned to remain in the enchanted (captured unclean power) or underground castles, within the mountains and deep sources, protect the hidden treasures there — untold riches in gold and precious stones, and eagerly await a savior.

Deliverer superimposed on the ordeal he has to keep the maiden’s hand and keep a strict silence, not afraid of evil visions, kiss her, he destroys the influence of witchcraft.

In certain days, the women and maidens these appear not far from their homes disgusted deaths, mostly innocent children and the poor shepherds, they usually appear in the spring, when the flowers are blooming May, at a time, which is connected to the idea of the future is already here, or nature’s awakening from winter sleep.

BEREGINJA (Gormninka Baba, Baba alatyrka, vregina, pereginya) — cloud virgin.

Ancient meaning of the word «lea» — «mountain», and therefore the name «Guardian» could be used in the sense of Horyn (mountain spirit), and at the same time serves to indicate the water maidens, wandering along the banks of rivers and streams (Old Slavic «Pregynya» — «The hill, wooded», but the likelihood of confusion with the word talisman «, the word» vregina «is known in the Sorbian language as the name of the evil spirit).

Paisevsky collection and manuscripts of St. Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod mention requiring supplied rivers, springs and Beregin.

Bereguinyas protected rights — at home and in the forest, on land and on water. Later, they got their own or their own group names (mermaids, brownies, etc.).

BOLOTNITSA (Omutnitsa, lopatnitsa) — Water Maiden. Depending on where they live water maidens, they receive their name.

Water maid who lives in a swamp called bolotnitsey. Lover of the maelstrom — omutnitsey. On the behavior and nature, they are similar to mermaids.

Brodnica — Relate to Beregin guarding fords. These are water maidens who prefer to settle in the quiet backwaters.

According to legend, they peacefully coexist with beavers. Brodnica built of sticks, fords and contain them in order. If the enemy pochuyut, quietly destroy ford, muddle zavedut in the pool.

«… And water Brodnica, swimming quietly, troubled blue waters and Charu deep subsoil, called navoe of dark graves» (AM Remizov. «To the Sea-Ocean»).


Prophetic swan-maids — Water maidens, can be recognized by the wet edges of dress and apron. Swan maidens to their original value — impersonation of spring, rain clouds, along with bringing down the legends about celestial sources on the ground, the swan maidens are the daughters of the sea and ocean-inhabitant ground water (seas, rivers, lakes, and of springs).

They are made under the authority of the grandfather-to-water. Swan maidens given a prophetic character and wisdom, they play hard, supernatural powers and forced to submit to the very nature itself.

Bird Swan — one of the oldest impersonation white summer clouds. Prophetic virgins are often white swan on the water: they assigned foresight is a gift of immortal drink, they possess, dance, music and singing (metaphors swirling eddies and the howling of the storm) are favorite activities, the joy and fun of all the water spirits, excitement rivers and whirlpools people explains itself as a consequence of their dances.

All of these symptoms: vescheyu power and inclination to dance, music and songs they approach with air creatures violent thunderstorms.

Wilen (Vilovan horse) — Vilinov horses, through which a fine young man (Perun) earn his golden-haired beauty.

Horses are wonderful storm clouds, and they breathe fire, fly through the air with the speed of arrows, are not afraid of bad weather and the dangers and endowed prophetic nature: human word, foresight, wisdom.

VILENIK — The person in which the blow dart Villa and then she is healed.

FORK (Self-forks, sea lady, self-diva lihoplesi) — one of the nicknames of cloud maidens; rules (its name from the word «twist») spinning cloud tow and pulling them out of the golden threads of lightning.

Forks and portrayed prophetic spinners, spinning the thread of life. They are also called lihoplesi (ie weaving famously — life misery and death).

About superstition about the fork is mentioned in ancient manuscripts: «Believe in Perun and Hors … and forks, the same number of distant sestrenits glagolyut nevglasi mnyat and goddesses, and tacos pokladyvahut im Teasing.» 

Vila akin bright spirits, and because her name is accompanied by constant epithet «white».

Forks seem young, beautiful, pale-faced virgins in thin white robes and with long flowing tresses, in these braids — their strength, and even life itself, the body they have light, transparent, light as a bird’s eyes shine like lightning, his voice — pleasant, mellifluous.

But the trouble is the person who will mislead viloyu! He opostylit the world and life is not a pleasant experience.

Along with the mermaids, forks live on mountain peaks, forests and water, and therefore vary in mountain, forest and water. Vila akin to swan-maidens, who are constantly bathed in lakes and springs.

On forks, wandering through forests and groves, they say that they have goat legs and horse hooves. Forks do not always go on wonderful Vilinov horses, they are sometimes worn on the fast reindeer zauzdannyh and drive snakes, ie lightning.

«Tell me what you’re creations:

The woman gave birth to you eh

Or god damn Vila? » (AS Pushkin. «Songs of the Western Slavs»).

Vilva — (Related to forks) spirits that inhabit the world of the cloud, wearing the air in the form of winged serpents and sent back to Earth rain showers and fertility.

Each country has its own Vilva-protector. Protecting their land Vilva often fight with each other in the air and on the outcome of the battle — in the countries subject to them to establish good or bad weather.

A driving (Vodyavy, vodenitsy, crowberry, sea, vodyanitsy, dunavki, crackers, shutovki) — Water women and maidens.

According to whether they live in, they are called: Water — live in rivers, lakes and wells, the sea — the sea.

They like to settle societies and mainly in desert areas — in whirlpools, basins and a river rapids, arranging there nest of straw and feathers collected in the villages during the Green Week.

According to other legends, they have underwater crystal palaces, shining inside (like a magic dragon palaces), silver, gold, precious stones, colored shells and coral.

Czechs water panna — tall, handsome, but pale-faced. She lives under the water in the palace of pure silver and gold. Leading character is similar to mermaids.

«Clambered ashore crowberry, took off from the mire himself, sat on the deck and floated» (AM Remizov. «Tales»).

VOLOSYNI (Volosozhar, Vesozhary, Visozharm, Stozhary, Vlasozhelischi, Vlasozhely, Baba) — mythical image of the constellation Pleiades.

Volosyni — a celestial constellation — understood as the image of the heavenly flock, the flock of the sun or a month.

In the province of Tula shepherd out on the street, stood on fleece (wool) and sang, calling the star light «Unquenchable fire beloyarovyh sheep», multiply their offspring (that sheep were more than there are stars in the sky).

Volosyni interpreted as a wife and Volos. Volosyn image is linked, so the myth of the Thunder and his opponent (the hair).

Shining Volosyni portends good luck in the hunt for the bear. As the souls of the dead are often presented in the form of cattle grazing in the next world, the image of Volosyn, albeit indirectly, related to the motif of death.


VIRGIN behind the scenes — Servants of the prophetic in unquenchable fire Perun.

They are a sacred attributes of the judiciary: pravdodatnymi with boards, on which are inscribed the laws, and with the sword-chastiser falsehood, a symbol of God the thunder god and his smashing lightning, they collect and to vote in public meetings, the flame is lit in front of them, to tell the truth, and is purified water, which washes away all wicked suspicion and clears the innocent from false accusations.

VIRGO-KAN — A beautiful maiden who is in the evening in the village, lures kids treats, dress them with a cloud, and carries with him.

Snow Maiden — The ancient pagan Russia lace blizzards and storms personified with white virgin snow.

Most often it appeared stout, majestic. Identified with the epithet white luster, shine and beauty.

She later appeared in the tales of the good Mother-winter, the evil stepmother.

Was in the images of the young white-haired sorceress and the Snow Maiden.

And continue to live raskrasavitsa Russian winter and its legendary predecessor — snowman.

It is assumed that in Russia snowmen worshiped the spirits of winter, and that to them, and offered to ask for help, mercy, and reduce the duration of colds. Perhaps, therefore, the «hand» was attached to a broom snowman — so he could fly up to the sky. It is possible that in Russia once believed that the air is populated by celestial maidens, commands fog, clouds, snow, and so in their honor were held solemn rituals, including sculpting snowmen. Rather, snowman (snowman) is an ambivalent figure in the archetypal structure of the myth

The true value of snowmen long forgotten. Their modeling of mystical action will turn into a fun winter fun. Overall Roll the children to them yourself and the joy.

Virgo-Sun — In spite of the spring sun, acting in a storm situation, the ancient poets drew this phenomenon in two different scenes: on the one hand, they were talking about the Virgin-Sun, which is a white swan swimming in the sea waters of the cloud on the other — clouds themselves portrayed swan virgins, and the sun of their warlike attribute — shiny shield.

VIRGIN STORIES (Sudenitsy) — ignites a mysterious beacon, which is connected with the thread of life of the newborn, and give him their gifts, that is, determine his future happiness.

As at the time of birth, the fate of the Virgin took the child and acted as midwives.

DZIVOZHENY (Wild wife Divya wife) — forest dweller, family mermaids.

According to the stories Hutsul, wild wife live in caves, on inaccessible places, at night they gather in droves, running through the fields and woods, clap their hands, and, catching sight of the traveler, thrown at him and start to tickle.

Hutsuls represent their tall, spare, with pale faces and long, unkempt hair, and instead they are strapped belt grass.

Dzivozheny afraid of color called the bells, that is, actually show fear Perunova color blooming is accompanied vsepotryasayuschim ringing thunder.

They are substituting for unbaptized babies and harm women in travail to counteract their designs, put under the pillow parturients knife — a symbol of smashing lightning. If a child will be born dead, to blame his wife Divya.


Golden Woman — A legendary idol, an object of worship of the North-East Europe and North-Western Siberia.

The first mention of a golden idol of the North found in Scandinavian sagas. In 1023 the Vikings, who led a famous torero-dog trek to Biarmia. On the River Dvina they had to know the location of the sanctuary Yumaly secretly enter it. Affected Vikings saw a big wooden statue with a bowl in her lap and a necklace around his neck. On his head was a golden idol crown, adorned with twelve different images. The cup was filled with the same silver coins, mixed with earth.

On the worship of the population drevnekomi Golden Baba mentioned in Russian chronicles in the announcement of the death of Stephen of Perm (1396). For more news about Golden Baba appear in the books of the Western European travelers and writers of the XVI century, the Russian state. This information is quite contradictory. In «works on two Sarmatians» (1517) puts M.Mehovsky idol for Vyatka «leakage into Scythia.» In subsequent authors (S.Gerbershteyn, 1549; A.Gvanini, 1578; D.Fletcher, 1591) Golden woman is already near the mouth of the Ob River.

In the descriptions of the Golden Idol of the women said:

— The statue as an old woman in the womb which is the son and see another child — grandchild (S.Gerbershteyn);

— About graven images in the form of an old woman with a baby, and a number of other child — a grandchild (A.Gvanini);

— The rock, having the form of a woman in rags with a baby (D.Fletcher).

Image of the statue with a baby in her arms, and the signature «Golden Woman» (Slata baba) is available in some Western European maps of the Russian state in the XVI. in the lower reaches of the Ob River.

In the works of Russian scientists XVIII century. (GF Miller, I. Lepekhin), a message appears stating that the Golden woman — the ancient god of Komi, whose statue was taken in the Ob unwilling baptized pagans Komi.


Stone images — Cloud maidens in southern Russia in the time of dearth villagers go to the Stone Baba, put on her shoulder, or a loaf of bread before it is dispersed grain bread, then bow at her feet and asked: «Have mercy on us, Bao-babusenko! Let us bow down even lower, only pomozi and keep us out of trouble. «

«Baba, I do not forgive, I Stone Baba — Baba proveschalas — I stood for centuries in freestyle steppe. And before God there was no sun in the sky, one was dark, and we all lived in the dark. Light from the stone quarried, burned splinter. God has released his bosom sun. Were given everything diva, look, I’ll never will do. And most of us, women! Povynosili we sieve, let the light in the gain of the sieve to make a hole. Pit-then our earth were no windows. Podymem sieve to the sun would type is full of light pours over the edge, but only in the pit — and have nothing. And God is the sun getting higher and higher, so bake it … and here came this — we started to spit in the sun. And suddenly turned to stone » (AM Remizov. «To the Sea-Ocean»)

Fagot (Shishimora) — yard spirit that is evil and harmful to the birds.

The usual place of settlement — chicken coops, stables those angles where the chickens sit on the roost. In hen hanging stones, so called «Kuryachy gods» to not put pressure frights chickens.

Occupation dummy direct — plucking feathers from chickens and direct them «Vertunov» (When they are spinning like mad, and fall okolevshimi).

Frights swinging and burning tow, left with spinning wheels without the blessing of the cross.

Frights are ugly dwarf or a baby whose head — a thimble, and the body — thin as a straw.

They are endowed with the ability to be invisible, run fast and vigilantly to see the distant space; wander without clothes and shoes, never grow old and love to knock, rattle, whistle and hiss.

In Vologda them are registered and good properties: in the summer guard gorohovischa, skillful and diligent housewives patronize, lulled to sleep at night, the little guys, invisible wash jug and provide different services on the farm.

On the contrary, women are lazy and hate scary. Name frights, make a dirty word, is used in a variety of cases: so call and the shy homebody, and the woman who very diligently engaged in spinning yarn.

«- Ha! — Sprinkled small voice, — ha! look! and cap out at the pole ..: hee-hee! .. hee-hee! And that’s how cheburahnulsya stumbled on a smooth spot! .. Winches, Molodukha namyat I side … Ha! ha-ha-ha! I am a grandmother for dinner spat into the soup, and Santa’s beard bee blank. Auknulos-meowed at kissing, hi! .. — All shook Kikimora, hesitated, laughter for skinny tummies grab » (AM Remizov. «Tales»).

«In the enchanted moor there frights live

Zaschekochut to hiccup and the bottom uvolokut » (VS Vysotskiy. «Song of evil»)


The fairy — Cloud virgin, mistress of thunderstorms, storms and rain showers. Various influences on these celestial phenomenon, the beneficent, the destructive part Lauma Skride appear bright nymphs ineffable beauty, part of the ugly and demonic evil old women.

God the thunder god pursues a love ecstasy buxom cloud nymphs, quickly running away from his deadly embrace, reeks of his lightning arrows, and, spilling milk on the ground, rain, carries on the part of the cloud-flying chest.

Lauma Skride live in forests, fields and water.

The nature of their dubious. When Lauma shown in green clothing — a sign of the next harvest, but if she puts on a red dress, it portends a bloody, destructive war, and if the black, it promises a universal famine and pestilence. Accordingly, they represent a wholesome young beauties, the vicious and ugly old women.

They also steal and substituting for the newborn babies, people lean on the carotid, crush them in the chest or abdomen, and like to have yarn and fabric.

If they find unmade distaff willingly sit down to work, ready to carry a yarn with him. No matter how cleverly spun and woven Lauma Skride, they themselves can neither start nor finish their work — and significantly different than their mechanical, purposeless work from a reasonable man’s labor.

VIRGIN FOREST — Cloud nymphs, the personification of green oak.

LETAVITSA (Vetrennitsa, damsels, wild woman) — the spirit that flies to the ground and falling star takes on human form — male or female, but always young, beautiful, with long yellow hair.

Power Letavitsy in her red boots, with which it also flies. It disappears with the first rays of the sun.

«Did you hear about Letavitse? The beauty of it all even more beautiful, her face was girlish, free golden hair to the ground. Every night she comes: or lies in the legs, or become and looks all night. only the wind blows in the morning, gone. Have you heard about Letavitse? I left my house, dropped everything and went. And, like a leaf in a storm, they wandered in the white light — only used it away from the heart. We walked … peas — flitting! — And came across: this is edge-si-hand! Golden hair all entangled with the head, eyes, like wells, and the boots on her red … » (AM Remizov. «To the Sea-Ocean»).

LISUNKI (Leshachihi, divozheny) — forest maidens and wives, the same as goblins, only in female impersonation (originally identical cloud wives).

Popular imagination gives them such huge breasts and long that they have to throw their shoulders and only free to walk and run. This story points to lisunkah cloud nymphs, which are constantly depicted buxom as clouds themselves be like a woman’s breasts, which pours out his milk-sucking copious rain.

In Poland, they differ in the wild and vicious temper, their bodies covered with hair, long flowing tresses are developing in the air, his chest so large that, wiping clothes, they use them instead of Valkov, on the head wear red hats.

Foreheaded (Paddle) — mermaid, who lives in a swamp in the reeds. Especially dangerous encounter with her mermaid week — at this time, no girl would not dare to go into the forest, taking with him not friends, for fear of getting caught in the hands foreheaded.

«Growth foreheaded how this aspen, white body that rabbit down, and big hands like wings with red claw, claw this word yes, though it is gentle, that stone bramble and zaschekochet to death» (AM Remizov. «To the Sea-Ocean»).


Mavka (Grechukha, bevel, T-shirts) — identical mermaids, mermaid-breed children, folk imagination represents them as girls semiletok with blond, curly hair, wearing white shirts — without a belt. Live on the mountain.

As sources of virgin rain Mavka worn over nivami and fields, and on one side, gave them with moisture, provide a rich harvest, and on the other, sending the untimely rains and storm damage ripening harvest.

White Stone say that each year they come to the earth at a time when the bread starts to ear and can serve as a safe haven to them. Call them and Grechukha — from the Greek, where they like to hide.

Mavka living people trying to take revenge for being allowed to die unbaptized, and deprived of the heavenly kingdom. In the summer they swim at night on the surface of rivers, lakes and springs and bathe in water, and the mermaid week running around in the fields and nivam the sad cry: «Mene mats breed, nehreschenu buried!» 

The Hutsul shirts — perfect. Slender and quick, are thin, transparent dresses and clean her long, flowing tresses over her shoulders spring flowers. They care about the welfare of the fields and herds, and as soon as the snow melts — are in the mountains and valleys, seeded grass and confer yield. They steal the night flax tow spun, woven and bleached cloth and weave wreaths.

VIRGO pestilential — Rank as the Bulgarians and to Samodiva samovilam (see Samovily).

SEA VIRGIN — Virgin waters, sea mermaid.

Sea (Sea Princess, Tsar Maiden) — Maid of sea water, the daughter of the Sea King. Rolling on the sea in a golden shuttle, brilliant beauty of it so dazzling, that marvelous maiden can look at once, and must gradually accustom your eyes, and otherwise somleesh sginesh.

The beautiful princess or a sea-king fairy maidens combine representation of the goddess and goddess-Zor gromovnitse.

Most of the time floating in the depths of the sea turned into a fish, play with the dolphins. Comes ashore in the quiet night, swaying on the waves, splashing, stepping through sea pebbles, pebbles.

When the king raises storm of angry sea, calms him, rebuked the storm.

In Russian fairy tales Moryane Morevna close image of Mary.

«Soon, soon began to dawn. And go, showering, goodbye wild roses — one-eye dog. Light wind is blowing too. There’s the sea waves rocking » (AM Remizov. «To the Sea-Ocean»).

MRACHENKA — Cloud virgin, the personification of black clouds.

In summer Mrachenka goes from wells and rises to the clouds, carrying water, which is then irrigated, and thus confer yield.


Injury — Cloud maiden who was splashing in the blue sea swan wings.

«Resentment Vstala able Dazhboga grandson vstupil virgin land Trojans vpleskala swan wings on a blue sea lapping at the Don» («Lay»).

Resentment name consistent with the proper names attached to what celestial warlike virgins, for instance, strife, victory, etc.


POLUDNITSY — Identical with Solntsevo maids and white wives, at noon at the wells are shown and comb her long braids.

In the southern part of Siberia known by this name mythical old woman with thick, vsklochennymi hair, dressed in rags, and she lives in the bath or in the bushes and nettles protects gardens from playful children.

In the Arkhangelsk region Poludnitsa — protectress of fields planted with rye: «Poludnitsa in the Rye, show lines, he likes to run!» 

Talk about forest poludenitsah, which fly in the afternoon spinning vortices and steal young children.

Poludnitsa wears a white dress, and from twelve to two hours walking on nivam, holding a sickle, stopping suddenly in front of those who act too late in the afternoon on the field work, she begins to question in detail: how prepared and processed flax yarn and linen. Who would not be able to answer her questions, the roll head, or at least punish them serious illness.

Only prayer in «Exorcism Midday» can somehow get rid of her. Poludnitsa tends to substitute small children unattended on their own.

It depends on how cost a family with a changeling, just good or bad happens and Poludnitsey kidnapped child.


Woman in labor (Clean, white maidens and wives, sap suzhenitsy, suditsy, Rozhanitsy, kresnitsy) — Virgin fate present at the birth of children; prophetic Sibyl fate newborns and helpers in childbirth.

They approach the bed only as permitted mothers, each of which holds the burning candle — a sign of the torch that lights the flame of life, why call them kresnitsami (vozzhigatelnitsami from «Cres» — «fire»).

These mythical maidens stand in mysterious connection with the stars. Rozhanits had two or three, and later — seven.

«Finally, the flame lit and angles, one of them — over a fireplace — it seemed a clay elevation, and on it wooden figures Perun and Volos and a small bronze, covered with greenish statuesque woman in labor — a naked woman with folded hands on his stomach,» (SD Sklyarenko. «Svyatoslav»).

ROS — The daughter of the Dnieper, the mermaid, the progenitor Russian.

MERMAID (Krynica, loskotalki, zemlyanochki) — Water Maiden, souls of the dead: children who died unbaptized, either sunk or drowned girls.

Mermaids — representatives of the kingdom of death, darkness and cold, so, then, with the coming of spring, though they come to life, but still live in the dark depths of the earth water is still cold in the spring.

On Pentecost mermaids leave the water and live in forests on trees, employees, according to the beliefs of ancient Slavs dwelling dead.

The Western Slavs and Little Mermaid — funny, playful and fun creating, singing songs amazing and alluring voices, in Great — this is evil and vengeful creatures, trollop and Neches: white man with green eyes, the same hair, always naked and always ready to lure to himself only to blame for no special tickle to death and sink.

In the image of mermaids fantasy folk united view of the water and forest maidens: mermaid love to swing on tree branches, they poured the evil laughter and tickled to death to themselves lured unwary travelers.

Mermaids also live in the mountains and love to run on their slopes.

On the identification of mermaids with the souls of the dead as their nickname indicates zemlyanochkami, ie inhabitant of the underground world of the dead.


SUDENITSY — Maiden of life and destiny, which determine the fate of man at his birth.

Horutane say that hardly peoples baby, are the house three sisters, sit down and decide the fate of short utterances of the newborn.

Saying their predictions, they quietly removed. If at that time shining through a window last month, then lit it be visible rays of light, airy and bright images of the covers.

The fact that awarded them, we can not change, do not remove any forces.

«Look out … Russia, its povzyskala Sudina got to the head: there, in desperation, to robbery go there much rake you want to live there, how do you enjoy, and he climb in the loop» (AM Remizov. «To the Sea-Ocean»).

SUDITSY — Cloud maidens, who headed the court, sword-chastiser wickedly svyatochudnoyu water, convicting servants’ falsehood.

SUDICHKI — Prophetic maids, three white wife. In the midnight hour, they are a window into the house or the room where the child is a newborn, and consulted on its future destiny, as they approach everything that lives in the house, into a deep sleep.

They are holding candles and extinguish them not before, as saying his eternal sentence.

In some villages, people think that sudichki sit down at night on the roof of the house, near the chimney, and predict the fate of the baby by the stars.


URISNITSY (Orisnitsy, narzhchnitsy) — prophetic maid. The first night after the birth urisnitsy come into the house delivered of a mother and her infant portend: how many years he will live, what will be his life, with whom he entered into a marriage, what diseases will suffer and what death will die.

There are three urisnitsy good and three evil, they both never agree with each other and lead the eternal struggle.

Of the three good urisnits first baby gives the mind and knowledge literacy, the second gives him health, beauty and gift of words, and the latter leads to a continuation of life, teaches crafts and delivers rich cases.

Featuring adult, they warn him of threatening disaster.

All urisnits much, they are always young and beautiful and live in heaven, they go down for the soul of a dying man in the mists and whirlwinds.

Urisnitsy are mostly invisible to the house, but in a different and could see and hear them.


FARAONKI — In Russian folklore name poluryba-tinning. Name refers to the traditional way of secondary comprehension mermaid under the influence of the legendary series that has developed around the biblical myths.

Faraonki in Russian wooden carving, sometimes accompanied by male characters -«Pharaoh», were seen as representatives of the Egyptian army, which pursued the Jews from Egypt care and wonderfully sunk in the waters of the Red Sea.

According to Russian legend, known to the XVI century, the Egyptian army in the water turned into a demi-poluryba and their horses — a-half horses poluryba.


CHOLERA — A being akin to cloud maidens.

In Russia, it represents an old woman, with evil, distorted face of suffering.

White Stone claim that where it might stop the night — there will be no survivors.

In some villages, people think that cholera is due to the sea, and that the three sisters, dressed in white shrouds.


CHUDINKO (Puganko) — refers to a sort of dummy.

According to legend, Chudinko as little dolls, rag or wood, to the guidance of damage to the house to put a timber under the lower house during its construction. Get rid of it only one way — destroying the doll.

Farmers in this case, the statute of mischief Chudinki, poked with pitchforks into the lower timber house, saying:»That’s you, that’s you for this and here it is.»

SWINE-Samodiva (Pestilence, Yuda-expressions,, Samodiva. Kuga, bomber, Kuma) — being akin to cloud maidens, and like them, it is good or evil.

According to the accounts of Bulgarians, it — forever embittered, a black woman, is sent to the people and animals of fire poison arrows. Plague can turn around cats, horses, cows, birds and a ball of yarn, where it seems — it started howling dogs, there arrives a raven or eagle owl, and sitting on the roof, shouting his portends trouble.

In one legend it represents a huge woman in a white dress (in Savannah), with disheveled hair. His bony hand she breathes to the four red (blood) or flaming handkerchief — and following a wave of her handkerchief all around dying.

The Serbs have Kuga — goat legs. Wandering in the evening, it stops and starts up the windows inside your home zlochestivy spirit, why, and killed the whole family.


St. Jude-SAMOVILY (St. Jude Samodiva) — wives with long braids, live in deep lakes and whirlpools; landfall, they love to comb your hair, and if I envy the one in the water, then twist around and udavlivayut him with scythes.

Samodiva recognized for the fallen angels of light, cast out of heaven, they seeded the water, while others remained in the air. Samodiva sing and dance in the meadows in the grass and leave large circles, consisting of a narrow, dead with their feet tracks.

If a man, clattered singing, dare to approach their dances, they either kill him or permanently deprived of language and memory.

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