Ust-Lou? Ha — Sea port in north-west Russia, the Leningrad region, in the Luga Bay of the Gulf of Finland near the village of Ust-Luga. He began work with the opening in December 2001 coal terminal.
Today I would like to take a few lines of the project, which is not drawing much attention of the media and the general public is implemented in the Leningrad region since the early 2000’s and is built from the ground port complex, the turnover is growing by an average of more than 70% each year and for the first 9 months of 2011 amounted to 15.7 million tons, that 87.6% over the same period last year.
As a result of high rates of development of the port of Ust-Luga — construction of the eponymous town of 35 thousand inhabitants.
Together with two ports of Leningrad region — Vysotsky and Seaside — the project is able to bury transit in the Baltic countries.
It is planned that at full capacity the port will be released in 2018. And then there will transship 180 million tons of cargo per year, greater than the combined turnover of all the Baltic ports (Tallinn, Klaipeda, Riga and Ventspils).
With the collapse of the Soviet Union Russian industrialists have become dependent on traditional trade routes remaining in the ruins of the once unified country. For example, at least 70 percent of the transit traffic going through Latvia, are goods coming from Russia or Russian. Unfortunately relations with its neighbors have set our country targets to reduce this dependence.
The specialists of JSC «Ust-Luga», created for the project, do not hide the fact that the project is carried out as an alternative to the ports of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, «The port of Ust-Luga was conceived in the Soviet time, but eventually decided that we should invest in the development of the Port of Tallinn. Work on its reconstruction was completed in 1985. And in a few years we have lost this port. All the ports of the Baltic countries were able to dictate terms to those who work for export. And the producers themselves have decided to build new terminals. «
General scheme of the commercial seaport of Ust-Luga involves the construction of 16 transshipment facilities. Each of them — it is a separate large-scale project.
As of 2011 enacted:
— Timber terminal (operator — JSC «timber terminal Factor»)
— Coal terminal (operator — JSC «Rosterminalugol», enter the first turn — December 2001, the second stage — January 2006)
— Car-railway ferry complex (operator — «ROSMORPORT.» Since 2008, the ferry line opened Ust-Luga — Baltic and in June 2011 it extended to the German port of Sassnitz)
— Multipurpose transshipment complex «Yug-2» (operator — JSC «Ust-Luga»)
— Universal handling system (operator — JSC «Universal Handling Complex» entry — June 2007)
— Reloading Complex technical sulfur (operator — JSC «European sulfur terminal», input — IV 2008),
— Fish terminal (operator — JSC «Ust-Luga fish factory»)
— Terminal service vessels (operator — JSC «Ust-Luga Production and Trade Company»)
— A set of liquid cargo (customer — JSC «Rosneftbunker»; entry — January 2011)
In the active stage of construction:
— Container Terminal (customer — JSC «Ust-Luga Container Terminal», input — 2011)
— Complex handling of stable gas condensate (customer — Novatek; Input — 2012)
— Tank farm «Ust-Luga» — the end point of the pipeline BPS-2 (customer — Transneft; Input — 2012)
— Metallurgical terminal (customer — OMC; Input — 2012)
— Terminal handling LPG (customer — SIBUR, input — 2013)
— Terminal fertilizers (customer — Evrohim)
On 28.05.2011, the open cargo-line Kiel — Sassnitz — Ust-Luga. Are on a ferry «Kaunas». The service is weekly.
Throughput of the port
year — million tons
2003 — 0.4
2004 — 0.8
2005 — 0.7
2006 — 3.8
2007 — 7.1
2008 — 6.8
2009 — 10.4
2010 — 11.8
JSC «Russian Railways» — provides a modern reinforcement of external rail access to the port under the Mga — Gatchina — Weimar — Ust-Luga, bypassing immersed St. Petersburg railway hub.
??Strengthening involves lengthening and increasing the number of station tracks, construction of second main track and additional traction substations, electrification and construction of centralized locking and communication.
The construction of a port railway station complex. Commissioned the station-Luga Luga-North and South, the construction of the first phase of the station-Luga oil. In the future, the station complex Luga has become the largest and most modern in Europe.??
Today, in a newly built port of Ust-Luga (Leningrad region Kingiseppskiy district) employs more than 2 million people. By 2018, when the port is expected to reach full capacity and earn the enterprise in the port area, the number of jobs will increase to approximately 6.8 million people. For those who will be working in the port, and for those who live in close proximity to the port, is constructing a new settlement. City of port of Ust-Luga will be located near the village of Ust-Luga.?
The city provides a large park area with natural ponds. Will be constructed schools, kindergartens, shopping center, leisure center, clinic, hospital, consumer services, modern marinas on the river Luga.
??Construction is expected to lead in two stages:
??- The first stage of the new city of 24.5 million people — by 2017?
— Second, to 34.5 thousand — in 2025;?
The total area of the new settlement amount to the full development of 1849 hectares.?
In addition, the integrated development of the area adjacent to the port, includes:
??- The formation and development of the port industrial production zone?
— The creation of areas for recreation and tourism?
— The development of appropriate external and internal engineering and transport links, easy access to Saint Petersburg
— The creation of industrial zones, logistics facilities, areas of temporary storage?
— Provision of necessary social conditions for work, living and leisure
— Construction of a cargo airport of international class?
Thus Kingisepsky area in the future will be the industrial and economic area of federal significance.?
Already, unemployment in the region Kingiseppsky not. However, many had to retrain as customs officers, dockers, crane and so on. Lack of qualified personnel. I’d love to take professional-port workers, including those from the Baltic countries. There is every reason to believe that the creation of conditions for work and life will facilitate the return of the Russian-speaking population.
To sum up I would like to note that the development of transshipment facilities, allowing domestic producers to reduce dependence on transit countries, implemented consistently and systematically. And despite the fact that the results are not evident simple layman, Ust-Luga — modern and large-scale project that has significant impact on the economy of Russia.
The coal terminal
Multipurpose transshipment complex «Yug-2»
The complex liquid cargo area with a view
Start of construction of the Universal cargo complex. 2004.
Education area coal terminal. 2001.